المساعد الشخصي الرقمي

مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : موسوعة و اطلس تشريح جسم الانسان


الصفحات : [1] 2

م .نبيل زبن
04-14-2012, 09:08 PM
**حصريا لمنتديات عجور**

Bones of the skull


عظام الجمجمة

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate01/images/1-1_static.jpg

من الامام




http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate01/images/1-2_static.jpg

منظر جانبي

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate01/images/1-3_static.jpg

الجدار الداخلي للعظام من المدار، والحفرة الجناحية والمناطق المحيطة بها
The inner wall of the bones of the orbit, and the pterygopalatine fossa and their
surroundings
A. Frontal bone.
B. Nasal bone
C. Maxillary bone.
D. Palatine bone (perpendicular part; pterygopalatine fossa).
E. Ethmoidal bone (lamina papyracea).
F. Lacrymal bone.
G. Sphenoid bone.
a) Fossa for lacrymal sac.
b) Infraorbital foramen.
c) Ethmoidal foramen.
e) Maxillary sinus (antrum of Highmore).
f) Pterygoid process.
g) Pterygopalatine canal.
h) Pterygopalatine foramen.
i) Orbital process, palatine bone.
k) Sphenoid process, palatine bone.
l) Orbital part of the frontal bone.
m) Anterior clinoid process.
n) Sella turcica.
o) Optic foramen.
p) Posterior clinoid process.
q) Carotid canal.
r) Lingula.
s) Pterygoid canal (Vidian canal).
t) Styloid process.



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate01/images/1-4_static.jpg

The external wall of the (left) nasal bones with their muscles
الجدار الخارجي للعظام الأنف (يسار) مع عضلاتهم
)

) Frontal bone, frontal part.
B) Sphenoid bone, body.
C) Pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone.
D) Palatine bone, perpendicular part.
E) Palatine bone, horizontal part.
F) Maxillary bone, palatine process.
G) Inferior concha, inferior turbinate bone.
H) Nasal lamina, ethmoid labyrinth.
I) Frontal process (nasalis of the maxillary bone).
K) Nasal bone.
a) Frontal sinus.
b) Ethmoidal sinus.
c) Sphenoidal sinus.
d) Superior concha, highest turbinate bone.
e) Middle concha, middle turbinate bone.
f) Pterygopalatine foramen, in the perpendicular part of the palatine bone.
g) Pterygoid process, medial wing.
h) Pterygoid process, lateral wing.
i) Lacrymal canal, exit.
k) Incisive canal (for the passage of the nasopalatine artey, vein, and nerve).
l) Sulcus for the external nasal branch of the anterior ethmoid nerve
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate01/images/1-5_static.jpg

The ethmoid bone, by its upper outer surface

العظم الغربالي سطحه الخارجي العلوي


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate01/images/1-7_static.jpg

The left palatine bone, from its media surface
عظام الحنك من اليسار
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate01/images/1-8_static.jpg

The hyoid bone, from the front.
الجبهة- العظام اللامي

م .نبيل زبن
04-14-2012, 09:20 PM
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/plate2.jpg

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/2-1_static.jpg

The interior base of the skull
القاعدة الداخلية للجمجمة

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/2-2_static.jpg

The inferior or outer surface of the skull base
السطح السفليالخارجي لقاعدة الجمجمة

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/2-3_static.jpg

The left temporal bone seen from the outside
العظم الصدغي من الخارج


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/2-5_static.jpg
The os sphenoid, from its upper or its brain surface
A) Body or base.
B) Lesser wing or ensiform process of the sphenoid.
C) Greater wing (cerebral outer surface).
a) Medial clinoid process.
b) Sella Turcica, the fossa for the hypophysis gland.
c) Posterior clinoid process.
d) Carotid sulcus.
e) Anterior clinoid process.
f) Optic foramen.
g) Superior orbital fissure.
h) Foramen rotundum.
i) Foramen ovale.
k) Foramen spinosum.
l) Spinous process.
m) Lingula.
n) Sphenoid crest.
o) Superior margin (articulates with the frontal bone).
p) Posterior margin (articulates with squamous part of temporal bone).
q) Posterior inferior part (placed on the petrus part of the temporal bone).
r) Clivus.

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/2-6_static.jpg
The anterior surface of the sphenoid bone.
A) Body of the sphenoid bone.
B) Lesser wing of the sphenoid.
C) Greater wing of the sphenoid (orbital surface).
D) Pterygoid process.
a) Posterior clinoid process.
b) Sella turcica (fossa for the hypophysis).
c) Orifice of the sphenoid sinus.
d) Sphenoid crest.
e) Superior orbital fissure.
f) Orbital surface of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone.
g) Foramen rotundum.
h) Vidian canal (pterygoid canal).
i) Spinous process.
k) Pterygoid sulcus or palatine sulcus (the posterior wall of the pterygopalatine canal).
l) Lateral wing of the pterygoid process.
m) Medial wing of the pterygoid process.
n) Pterygoid notch.
o) Pterygoid hamulus.


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/2-7_static.jpg

The mandible seen from its anterior surface
الفك السفلي السطح الامامي
A) Body, horizontal part.
B) Ramus.
a) Inferior surface of the body; the base (attachment site for mm scalene, quadratus menti, platysma, and digastricus).
b) Alveolar margin, with sixteen alveoli.
c) External mental protuberance.
d) Mental foramen (passage for mental artery, vein, and nerve; exit for the inferior alveolar canal).
e) External oblique line (origin for the m buccinator).
f) Mandibular angle (insertion for m masseter).
g) Condyloid process (from the neck).
h) Coronoid process (insertion for m temporalis).
i) Semilunar incisure.
k) Incisure teeth.
l) Canine teeth.
m) Molar teeth.


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate02/images/2-8_static.jpg

The mandible is placed to see the inner surface

السطح الداخلي للفك السفلي
A) Body or horizontal part of the mandible.
B) Ramus of the mandible.
a) Base or inferior surface.
b) Alveolar margin.
c) Internal mental spine (origin for mm geniohyoid and genioglossus).
d) Internal oblique line (origin for mm mylohyoid and for mylopharyngeus or superior pharyngeal constrictor).
e) Inferior mandibular angle.
f) Condyloid process.
g) Coronoid process.
h) Semilunar incisure.
i) Inferior alveolar foramen (entrance to inferior alveolar canal).
k) Mylohyoid sulcus, for the mylohyoid nerve from the inferior alveolar nerve

م .نبيل زبن
04-14-2012, 09:43 PM
Bones of the trunk

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/plate3.jpg


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-1_static.jpg
The vertebrae of the thorax, with the cervical, lumbar and shoulder; on the right side and seen from the front

a) Atlas, first cervical vertebra.
b) Axis (epistropheus), second cervical vertebra.
c) Seventh cervical vertebra.
d) Vertebral canal.
e) Odontoid process of the axis.
f) First thoracic vertebra.
g) Twelfth thoracic vertebra.
h) First lumbar vertebra.
i) Fifth lumbar vertebra.
k) First (true) rib.
l) Seventh (true) rib.
m) First false or eighth rib.
n) Last (twelfth) rib.
o) Manubrium sterni.
p) Body of sternum.
q) Xiphoid process sterni.
r) Clavicle.
s) Scapula.
t) Glenoid cavity of scapula (for the head of the humerus



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-2_static.jpg
The bones of the pelvis, from its anterior side
عظام الحوض - جانبي
A) Sacral bone (os).
B) Coxal bone.
C) Os ilium.
D) Os ischii.
E) Os pubis.
a) Superior oblique process of sacral bone.
b) Body of the sacral bone (with the prominence [sacral vertebral angle]).
c) Internal arcuate line (marks true from false pelvis).
d) Anterior sacral foramen.
e) Internal arcuate line of the ilium.
f) Sacro-iliac symphysis.
g) Iliac crest.
h) Anterior superior iliac spine.
i) Anterior inferior iliac spine.
k) Anterior semilunar incisure of the iliac bone.
l) Ischial spine.
m) Iliopectinate tubercle (pubic tubercle).
n) Acetabulum.
o) Acetabular lip
p) Acetabular notch.
q) Obturator foramen.
r) Horizontal ramus of the pelvic bone.
s) Pubic spine.
t) Descending ramus of the pubic bone.
u) Symphysis of the pubic bone (beneath, the pubic angle or arch).
v) Ascending ramus of the ischial bone.
w) Ischial tuberosity.
x) Descending ramus of the ischial bone


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-3_static.jpg
Two ribs seen from the lateral and medial sides
A) Posterior extremity of rib.
B) Body of the rib.
C) Anterior extremity of rib.
a) Capitulum (head).
b) Collum (Neck).
c) Tubercle.
d) Angle.
e) Upper margin.
f) Lower margin.
g) Outer surface.
h) Inner surface.
i) Costal sulcus or groove for intercostal artery, vein, and nerve



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-4_static.jpg
The sternum seen from its anterior surface
A) Manubrium.
B) Body.
C) Xiphoid (ensiform) process.
a) Superior semilunar incisure (sternal notch).
b) Clavicular cavity or notch.
c) Notch for 1st rib.
d) Notch for 2nd rib.
e) Costal notches (articular fovea).
f) Lateral semilunar notches.
g) Transverse line.
h) Suprasternal ossiculum.


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-5_static.jpg
The right innominate (coxal) bone, seen from within, and through the lines of union of the ilium, ischium, and pubic bones
A. Ilium.
B. Ischium.
C. Pubis.
D. Obturator foramen (passage by a small aperature for the obturator artery, vein, and nerve).
a) Iliac crest (origin for mm quadratus femoris and latissimous dorsi; with an external lip for m external abdominal oblique, internal lip for m. internal oblique and intermediate line for m transverses abdominus).
b) Anterior superior iliac spine (origin for mm sartorius and tensor fasciae latae).
c) Anterior inferior iliac spine (origin for m rectus femoris).
d) Posterior superior iliac spine.
e) Posterior inferior iliac spine.
f) Anterior semilunar notch.
g) Posterior semilunar notch.
h) Tubercle of the iliac bone.
i) Auricular face (formed with the auricular face of the sacral bone of the sacral ilica symphysis).
k) Internal arcuate or terminal line (or the line demarking the greater and lesser (or true) pelvis).
l) Greater sciatic notch (passage for m piriformis and inferior gluteal artery, vein and nn inferior gluteal, sciatic, and pudendal).
m) Body of the ischial bone (with the continuation of the greater sciatic notch).
n) Descending ramus of the ischium.
o) Ascending ramus of the ischium (origin for mm ischiocavernosus, gracilis, adductor magnus, and transversus prostatae).
p) Ischial spine (origin for sacrospinous ligament, mm gemulus superior and coccygeus).
q) Ischial tuberosity (origin for sacrotuberous ligament, mm gemulus inferior, quadatus femoris, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, adductor magnus, tranverse pernei profundus).
r) Lesser sciatic foramen (passage for m obturator internus, artery, vein and internal pudendal nerve).
s) Horizontal ramus of the pubic bone.
t) Descending ramus of the pubic bone.
u) Iliopectineal tuberosity.
v) Pubic crest (origin of m pectineus).
w) Pubic spine (attachment for the inguinal ligament).
x) Pubic symphysis.
y) Iliac fossa (inner concave surface of the ilium and the origin of m. internal iliac


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-6_static.jpg
The left pelvis, seen from the outside

A) Ilium.
B) Ischium.
C) Pubis.
D) Obturator foramen (passage by a small aperature for the obturator artery, vein, and nerve).
E) Acetabulum (for the head of the femoral bone).
a) Iliac crest (origin for mm quadratus femoris and latissimous dorsi; with an external lip for m external abdominal oblique, internal lip for m. internal oblique and intermediate line for m transverses abdominus).
b) Anterior superior iliac spine (origin for mm sartorius and tensor fasciae latae).
c) Anterior inferior iliac spine (origin for m rectus femoris).
d) Posterior superior iliac spine.
e) Posterior inferior iliac spine.
f) Anterior semilunar notch.
g) Posterior semilunar notch.
h) Tubercle of the iliac bone.
i) Auricular face (formed with the auricular face of the sacral bone of the sacral ilica symphysis).
k) Internal arcuate or terminal line (or the line demarking the greater and lesser (or true) pelvis).
l) Greater sciatic notch (passage for m piriformis and inferior gluteal artery, vein and nn inferior gluteal, sciatic, and pudendal).
m) Body of the ischial bone (with the continuation of the greater sciatic notch).
n) Descending ramus of the ischium.
o) Ascending ramus of the ischium (origin for mm ischiocavernosus, gracilis, adductor magnus, and transversus prostatae).
p) Ischial spine (origin for sacrospinous ligament, mm gemulus superior and coccygeus).
q) Ischial tuberosity (origin for sacrotuberous ligament, mm gemulus inferior, quadatus femoris, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, adductor magnus, tranverse pernei profundus).
r) Lesser sciatic foramen (passage for m obturator internus, artery, vein and internal pudendal nerve).
s) Horizontal ramus of the pubic bone.
t) Descending ramus of the pubic bone.
u) Iliopectineal tuberosity.
v) Pubic crest (origin of m pectineus).
w) Pubic spine (attachment for the inguinal ligament).
x) Pubic symphysis.
y) Iliac fossa (inner concave surface of the ilium and the origin of m. internal iliac).
a) Acetabular supercilium.
b) Lunate face (with two horns).
g) Fossa for ligament capitis femoris.
d) Acetabular notch


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-7_static.jpg
The os coccygis seen from the front

a) – d) First to fourth (false) vertebrae.
e) Articular cavity ( for the point of the sacral bone).
f) Coccygeal cornu.
g) Transverse process

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/images/3-8_static.jpg
The os coccygis seen from behind
a) – d) First to fourth (false) vertebrae.
e) Articular cavity ( for the point of the sacral bone).
f) Coccygeal cornu.
g) Transverse process

م .نبيل زبن
04-14-2012, 09:54 PM
Bones of the trunk


Bones of the trunk


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/plate4.jpg



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-1_static.jpg
The bones of the trunk with the left scapula, seen from the back
a) First cervical vertebra, atlas. (See also figures 2 and 3 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/02and03atlasaxisfb.shtml), 4 and 5 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/04and05atlas.shtml).)
b) Second cervical vertebra, axis (epistropheus). (See also figures 2 and 3 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/02and03atlasaxisfb.shtml), and 6 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/06axisfront.shtml).)
c) Seventh cervical (last) vertebra (vertebra prominens).
d) First thoracic vertebra.
e) Twelfth (last) thoracic vertebra.
f) First lumbar vertebra.
g) Fifth (last) lumbar vertebra.
h) Spinous process.
i) Transverse process.
k) Intervertebral foramen.
l) First (true) rib.
m) Twelfth rib.
n) Clavicle.
o) Scapula.
p) Sacral bone.
q) Coccygeal bone.
r) Ilium (part of the innominate bone).
s) Ischium (part of the innominate bone).
t) Pubic bone (part of the innominate [coxal] bone).
u) Sacral canal (entrance).
v) Superior oblique process of the sacral bone.
w) False spinous process.
x) Spurious oblique and transverse process.
y) Posterior sacral foramina.
z) Sacral horn.
a) Exit of sacral canal.
b) coccygeal horn.
g) Iliac crest.
d) Posterior superior iliac spine.
e) Posterior semilunar incisure of the ilium.
z) Posterior inferior iliac spine.
h) Greater sciatic notch.
q) Semicircular line (superior external arcuate line).
i)Arcuate line (inferior arcuate line).
k) Acetabulum.
l) Descending ramus of the arcuate line.
m) Ischial tuberosity.
x) Lesser sciatic foramen.
p) Obturator foramen.
r) Ascending ramus of the ischium.
s) Descending ramus of the pubic bone (see also Plate 3, figures 1 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/01vertebrethoraxfront.shtml), 2 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/02pelvisanterior.shtml), 5 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/05rcoxalwithin.shtml), 6 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/06lpelvisoutside.shtml), 7 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/07oscoccygisfront.shtml) and 8 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate03/08oscoccygisbehind.shtml)


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-2_static.jpghttp://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-3_static.jpg
The first two cervical vertebra, Atlas and Axis, seen from the front and back

a) Atlas (first cervical vertebra).
b) Axis (second cervical vertebra) reversed.
c) Odontoid process of the axis.
d) Condyloid process of the atlas



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-4_static.jpg http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-5_static.jpg
The first cervical vertebra, Atlas, seen from above and behind and from below

a) Anterior arch of the atlas (attachment site for rectus capitis anterior minor, anterior atlanto-occipital ligament).
b) Posterior arch.
c) Lateral mass.
d) Posterior tubercle of the atlas (origin of rectus capitis posterior minor).
e) Fovea dentis atlantis.
f) Condyloid fossa of the superior oblique process (formed by the condyle of the occipital bone; a hinge joint).
g) Transverse atlantic process (attachment site for mm rectus capitis lateralis, superior and inferior capitis oblique).
h) Vertebral foramen (transverse foramen) (vertebral canal for the vertebral artery.
i) Groove for the vertebral artery.
k) Lateral tubercle for ligamentum transversum. (lig. Cruciforme atlantis).
l) Vertebral foramen or canal.
m) Anterior atlantic tubercle (attachment for m. longus colli, and anterior longitudinal ligament


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-6_static.jpg
The second cervical vertebra, axis, seen from the front

a) Body of the axis.
b) Odontoin process.
c) Neck of the odontoid process.
d) Fovea for dentis atlantis.
e) Apex of the odontoid process.
f) Superior oblique process (it forms, with the atlas, a rotation joint).
g) Inferior oblique process.
h) Transverse process, with the vertebral foramen or vertebral canal for the vertebral canal



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-7_static.jpg
This figure is of a cervical vertebra seen from the front

a) Body.
b) Arch.
c) Spinous process (short and broad).
d) Notch in the spinous process for ligamentum nuchae.
e) Transverse process (broad, with a groove and hole).
f) Superior oblique process (above the continuation of the joint).
g) Vertebral foramen (the 7 vertebral foramina for the vertebral arteries and veins.
h) Spinal foramen and canal.

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-8_static.jpg
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate04/images/4-9_static.jpg
A thoracic (fig. 8) and a lumbar (fig. 9) vertebra.


a) Body.
b) Arch.
c) Vertebral notch (forms an intervertebral foramen for spinal nerves and branches of spinal arteries).
d) Spinous process.
e) Transverse process.
f) Joint surface for a rib tubercle.
g) Superior oblique process.

م .نبيل زبن
04-14-2012, 10:51 PM
>>>>يتبع<<<<<

SHADI HASSAN ZABEN
04-14-2012, 11:44 PM
يعطيك العافية ابو اوس على هذا المجهود
جعلها الله بميزان حسناتك

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:09 PM
يعطيك العافية ابو اوس على هذا المجهود
جعلها الله بميزان حسناتك

ربنا يعافيك شادي
شكرا لمرورك العطر الذي انار صفحتى

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:11 PM
Bones of the upper limb


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/plate5.jpg



The left clavicle from the front and above
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-1_static.jpg

a) Body or diaphysis.
b) Sternal or medial end (thick, triangular and lies in the clavicular notches of the manubrium sterni; origin of mm pectoralis major and sternocleidomastoideus).
c) Acromial or scapular end (flat and broad, united with the acromion scapulae; Insertion of mm triangularis and deltoideus.
d) Superficial articular end to be joined to the acromion

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:12 PM
The left clavicle, showing its inferior and posterior surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-2_static.jpg

a) Body, with a rough line for the m subclavius.
b) Sternal end with articular surface.
c) Conoid tubercle.
d) Impression of the costoclavicular ligament.
e) Acromial articular surface

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:14 PM
The left scapula, from its posterior or outer surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-3_static.jpg

a) Supraspinous fossa (origin for the supraspinous muscle).
b) Infraspinous fossa (origin for the infraspinous muscle).
c) Scapular spine with its superior and inferior lip (insertion for mm trapezius and deltoideus).
d) Acromion (insertion for mm trapezius and deltoideus).
e) Glenoid surface (acromial clavicular extremity).
f) Coracoid process (insertion for ligaments trapezoideum, conoidium, and coraco-acromial; mm pectoralis minor, coracobrachialis, and short head of biceps brachii).
g) Scapular notch (ligamentum transversum forms a foramenfor the suprascapular artery and vein and suprascapular nerve).
h) Superior margin, upper edge (origin for m omohyoideus).
i) Superior angle (insertion for m levator [anguli] scapulae).
k) Posterior scapular margin, with lateral and medial lip (insertion for mm rhomboideus minor and levator scapulae).
l) Inferior angle (occasional origin of latissimus dorsi).
m) Lateral margin (origin for mm teres major and minor and triceps).
n) Scapular condyle s. anterior angle.
o) Neck with the notch of the scapular neck.
p) Glenoid cavity, for the humeral head

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:16 PM
The left scapula seen from anterior face or the medial side
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-4_static.jpg

a) Subscapular fossa (origin for m subscapularis).
b) Articular capsule.
c) Glenoid cavity (for the head of the humerus).
d) Glenoid lip (origin for glenohumeral ligament).
e) Acromion.
f) Surface for the acromial extremity.
g) Coracoid process (coracoid-acromial ligament)
h) Scapular notch.
i) Superior margin.
k) Superior angle.
l) Medial border.
m) Inferior angle.
n) Lateral border.
o) Tuberosity (for the origin of the long head of the triceps muscle

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:18 PM
The left scapula seen from the front and outside

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-5_static.jpg

a) Glenoid cavity (for the head of the humerus).
b) Glenoid lip.
c) Lateral border.
d) Inferior angle.
e) Scapular spine.
f) Acromion.
g) Supraspinous fossa.
h) Superior angle.
i) Coracoid process.
k) Tuberosity, for the long head of m. biceps brachii (neck of scapula).
l) Subscapular fossa

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:19 PM
The left humerus (os brachii), is seen from the posterior or dorsal surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-6_static.jpg

a) Head of the humerus.
b) Greater tubercle of humerus.
c) Neck of the humerus (insertion of capsular ligament).
d) Body of the humerus, diaphysis.
e) Groove for radial nerve.
f) Margin of medial angle (origin for m. triceps, medial head).
g) Medial condyle (flexor) (with groove for ulnar nerve and origin for mm pronator teres, flexor carpi radialis and ulnaris, palmaris longus, flexor digitorum superficialis and ligament laterale internum).
h) Lateral condyle (extensor) (origin for mm triceps, lateral head, supinator longus and brevis, extensor carpi radialis and brevis, extensors digitorum and for ligament laterale externum).
i) Trochlea of humerus.
k) Olecranon fossa.

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:20 PM
The left humerus seen from the front or volar (palmar) side
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-7_static.jpg

a) Humeral head.
b) Humeral neck.
c) Greater tubercle (insertion for mm supra- and infraspinatus and teres minor).
d) Lesser tubercle (insertion for m subcapsularis).
e) Intertubercular sulcus (passage for tendon for long head of biceps).
f) Crest of the lesser tubercle (insertion mm teres major, lattisimus dorsi, and coracobrachialis).
g) Crest of the greater tubercle (insertion for mm deltoideus and pectoralis major.
h) Body, diaphysis of humerus (origin for m brachialis).
i) Medial margin.
k) Insertion of muscle brachioradialis.
l) Medial epicondyle (origin of mm flexores and m palmaris longus).
m) Lateral epicondyle.
n) Humeral elbow joint.
o) Trochlea of humerus.
p) Trochlear groove.
q) Capitulum.
r) Radial fossa.

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:22 PM
The left ulna seen from behind or from its dorsal surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-8_static.jpg

a) Olecranon.
b) Coronoid process.
c) Olecranon fossa.
d) Body of ulna (site of origin of extensor indicis).
e) Medial angle (site of origin of extensor pollicis longus).
f) Lateral angle (site of origin of flexor pollicis longus).
g) Capitulum, head of ulna.
h) Styloid process

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:23 PM
The left ulna seen from the volar surface
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-9_static.jpg

a) Olecranon.
b) Coronoid process.
c) Trochlear notch.
d) Radial notch (for the radial capitulum).
e) Body.
f) Ulnar head.
g) Styloid process

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:26 PM
The left radius seen from the volar surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-10_static.jpg

a) Head of the radius.
b) Glenoid cavity.
c) Circumferential articular surface.
d) Neck of radius.
e) Radial tuberosity (insertion site of m biceps brachii).
f) Body of the radius.
g) Distal extremity of the radius.
h) Styloid process of radius.
i) Ulnar notch.
k) Distal glenoid cavity.
l) Radial crest

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:29 PM
The left radius seen from its outer side or dorsum

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-11_static.jpg

a) Capitulum of radius.
b) Circumferential articular surface.
c) Neck of radius.
d) Body of radius.
e) Radial crest.
f) Distal radial extremity.
g) Styloid process, depression for mm abductor longus and extensor pollicis brevis.
h) Ulnar notch.
i) glenoid notch.

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:31 PM
The bones of the right hand and their assemblage seen from the dorsal surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-12_static.jpg

A) Carpal bones.
B) metacarpal bones
C) Phalanges.
a) Os Scaphoid.
b) Os Lunate.
c) Os Triquetrum.
d) Os Trapezium.
e) Os Trapezoid.
f) Os Capitate.
g) Os Hamate.
h) Os metacarpal (pollicis).
i) Os metacarpal (indicis).
k) Os metacarpal (middle).
l) Os metacarpal (ring).
m) Os metacarpal (digiti minimi) quintum.
n) Os Metacarpal, distal end.
o) Os Metacarpal bones, proximal ends.
p) Os phalangi I, pollicis.
q) Os phalangi II, pollicis.
r) Ossa phalangium I.
s) Ossa phalangium II.
t) Ossa phalangium III.

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:33 PM
Carpal and metacarpal bones seen from the posterior or dorsal surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-13_static.jpg
a) Os scaphoid.
b) Os Lunate.
c) Os Triquetrum.
d) Os Pisiform.
e) Os Trapezium.
f) Os Trapezoid.
g) Os Capitate.
h) Os Hamate.
i) Ossa metacarpi.
k) Ossa metacarpi, bases.
l) Ossa metacarpi, heads.
m) Ossa Sesamoids

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:34 PM
The bones of the left carpus and hand viewed from the palmar or volar side

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-14_static.jpg

a) Os scaphoid.
b) Os Lunate.
c) Os Triquetrum.
d) Os Pisiform.
e) Os Trapezium.
f) Os Trapezoid.
g) Os Capitate.
h) Os Hamate.
i) Os Hamate, hamulus or hook of.
k) Ossa metacarpi.
l) Ossa metacarpi, bases.
m) Ossa metacarpi, heads

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:36 PM
The bones of the left carpus (upper row) seen from their volar surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-15_static.jpg
a) Os Scaphoid.
b) Os Lunate.
c) Os triquetrum.
d) Os Pisiform.
e) Os Trapezium.
f) Os Hamate, hook of.
g) Radial carpal eminence I.
h) Radial carpal eminence II.
i) Ulnar carpal eminence I.
k) Ulnar carpal eminence II

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:37 PM
The bones of the left carpus (lower row) seen from the metacarpal surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-16_static.jpg
a) Os Trapezium.
b) Os trapezoid.
c) Os Capitate.
d) Os Hamate.
e) Os Hamate, hook of.

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:38 PM
The upper row of carpal bones seen from their distal or digitial surfaces
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-17_static.jpg

a) Os Scaphoid.
b) Os Lunate.
c) Os Triquetrum.
d) Os Pisiform

م .نبيل زبن
04-15-2012, 11:39 PM
The lower row of carpal bones of the left hand from their digital surfaces

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate05/images/5-18_static.jpg
a) Os Trapezium.
b) Oz Trapezoid.
c) Os Capitate.
d) Os Hamate.
e) Os Hamate, hook of.
f). Os Pisiform

ابن الكرامة
04-16-2012, 09:10 AM
يعطيك العافية مهندس نبيل اتمنى ان تفيد طلبة الطب و التمريض و غيرها
من الكليات الطبية و تكون معينا في دراستهم

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:44 PM
يعطيك العافية مهندس نبيل اتمنى ان تفيد طلبة الطب و التمريض و غيرها
من الكليات الطبية و تكون معينا في دراستهم

هذا ما نتتمناه اخي الحبيب
كل الشكر لمرورك الجميل
انرت صفحتى

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:45 PM
Bones of the lower limb
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/plate6.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:47 PM
The left femur (os femoris) from its anterior
(volar) surface
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-1_static.jpg
a) Head of the femoral bone (bound to the Acetabulum – an enarthosis).
b) Femoral head fossa for the round ligament.
c) Femoral neck.
d) Greater trochanter (insertion site for mm gluteus medius and minimus, piriformis, gemelli, obturator and quadratus femoris).
e) Lesser trochanter (insertion site for mm psoas major and internal iliac.
f) Anterior intertrochanteric line (origin for m vastus lateralis).
g) Body (or diaphysis).
h) Lateral femoral condyle (origin for m popliteus and plantaris).
i) Medial femoral condyle (origin for the medial head of gastrocnemius).
k) Articular groove for the patella

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:50 PM
This figure is of the left femur (os femoris) from its posterior or dorsal surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-2_static.jpg
a) Head of the femoral bone (bound to the Acetabulum – an enarthosis).
b) Femoral head fossa for the round ligament.
c) Femoral neck.
d) Greater trochanter (insertion site for mm gluteus medius and minimus, piriformis, gemelli, obturator and quadratus femoris).
e) Lesser trochanter (insertion site for mm psoas major and internal iliac).
f) Posterior intertrochanteric line (insertion for m quadratus femoris).
g) Upper limb of the linea aspera.
h) Linea aspera (insertion for pecineus, gluteus maximus, femoral adductors, vasti and adductor brevis).
i) Lower limb of the linea aspera.
k) Femoral body.
l) Popliteal fossa.

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:53 PM
The left patella from the volar or anterior surface
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-3_static.jpg
a) Base of the patella.
b) Body.
c) Apex.
d) Medial margin (edge).
e) Lateral margin (edge

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:54 PM
The left patellar inner or posterior surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-4_static.jpg
a) Base.
b) Body.
c) Medial margin.
d) Lateral margin.
e) Superior articular surface

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:55 PM
The left tibia seen from the anterior or volar surface


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-5_static.jpg
a) Medial condyle.
b) Lateral condyle.
c) Medial condylar cavity.
d) Lateral condylar cavity.
e) Intercondylar eminence (insertion for cruciate ligaments).
f) Superfical peroneal glenoid (socket) (for the fibular head).
g) Tibial spine s tuberosity (insertion site for patellar ligament).
h) Tibial body.
i) Tibial crest (sharp anterior edge).
k) Fibular notch (for the lower end of the fibula).
l) Articular fossa for the talus.
m) Medial malleolus (with two rims, one for the tendons of mm tibialis posterior and flexor digitorum longus, and the other for m flexor hallucis longus).
n) Inner (medial) surface (for m extensor digitorum longus, peroneus longus, and peroneus brevis

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:57 PM
Posterior surface of the left tibia

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-6_static.jpg
a) Medial condyle.
b) Lateral condyle.
c) Medial condylar cavity.
d) Lateral condylar cavity.
e) Intercondylar eminence (insertion for cruciate ligaments).
f) Superfical peroneal glenoid (socket) (for the fibular head).
g) Oblique line of the tibia (insertion site for mm popliteus and plantaris and soleus.
h) Body, posterior surface.
i) Medial malleolus.
k) Fibular notch.
l) Groove for mm tibialis posterior and flexor digitorum longus

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:58 PM
The left fibula seen from the posterior or the dorsal surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-7_static.jpg
a) Fibular head.
b) Superficial articular surface (lying adjacent to the lateral condyle of the tibia).
c) Body (or diaphysis) of fibula.
d) Lateral malleolus (attachment site for tibiofibular ligaments).
e) Tibial joint surface.
f) Surface of fibula adjacent to the lateral side of the talus

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 08:59 PM
The left fibula seen from behind (or the dorsal surface).

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-8_static.jpg
a) Fibular head.
b) Superficial articular surface (lying adjacent to the lateral condyle of the tibia).
c) Body (or diaphysis) of fibula.
d) Lateral malleolus (attachment site for tibiofibular ligaments).
e) Tibial joint surface.
f) Surface of fibula adjacent to the lateral side of the talus

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:00 PM
The bones of the right foot from their articular surfaces


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-9_static.jpg
a) Talus.
b) Calcaneus.
c) Os navicular.
d) Os cuneiform, I.
e) Os cuneiform, II.
f) Os cuneiform, III.
g) Os cuboid.
h) Os metatarsal of the great toe.
i) Ossa metatarsal bones.
k) Os phalanx I, great toe.
l) Os phalanx II, great toe.
m) Ossa phalangum, I.
n) Ossa phalangum, II.
o) Ossa phalangum, III

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:03 PM
The bones of the right foot from their plantar or ventral surface


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-10_static.jpg
a) Talus.
b) Calcaneus.
c) Os navicular.
d) Os cuneiform, I.
e) Os cuneiform, II.
f) Os cuneiform, III.
g) Os cuboid.
h) Os metatarsal of the great toe.
i) Ossa metatarsal bones.
k) Os phalanx I, great toe.
l) Os phalanx II, great toe.
m) Ossa phalangum, I.
n) Ossa phalangum, II.
o) Ossa phalangum, III

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:05 PM
The ossa tarsi and metatarsi, of the left foot, from the ventral or plantar surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-11_static.jpg

I) Talus.
a) Body.
b) Neck.
c) Head.
d) Superior condylar surface.
II) Calcaneus.
e) Body
f) Tuberosity
g) Fibular (peroneal) trochlea (anterior process).
h) Posteror talar articular surface.
i) Middle talar articular surface.
k) Lateral articular surface (for the head of the talus).
l) Anterior talar articular surface.
III) Os Navicular
m) Tuberosity of the navicular bone (for the insertion of m tibialis posterior).
IV) Os cuneiform, I.
V) Os cuneiform, II.
VI) Os cuneiform, III.
VII) Os Cuboid
n) Body of metatarsal bone.
o) Base of cuboid.
p) Head of cuboid.
q) Tuberosity of ossa metatarsi V.
r) Ossa sesamoides of great toe.

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:07 PM
The tarsal and metatarsal bones of the left foot from their plantar and anterior (or sole) surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate06/images/6-12_static.jpg
I) Talus.
a) Body.
b) Neck.
c) Head.
d) Inferior articular surface (for the body of the calcaneus).
e) Anterior articular surface (for the anterior process of the calcaneus).
f) Superior surface of the trochlea.
II) Calcaneus
g) Peroneal trochlea of calcaneus.
h) Tuberosity of calcaneus.
i) Anterior process of the calcaneus.
k) Anterior cuboidal surface.
l) Sustentacular tali (lateral process).
III) Os Navicular.
IV) Os cuneiform, I.
V) Os cuneiform, II.
VI) Os cuneiform, III.
VII) Os Cuboid.
m) Sulcus of os cuboid (for the tendon of m peroneus longus).
n) Body of metatarsal bone.
o) Base of cuboid.
p) Head of cuboid.
q) Tuberosity of ossa metatarsi V.
r) Ossa sesamoides of great toe.
s) Plantar tubercle of ossis metatarsal of the great toe.
t) Tuberosity of os navicular

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:09 PM
: Ligaments of the head, vertebral
column, pelvis, and upper limb
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/plate7.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:11 PM
The ligaments of the vertebra, the proximal ends of the ribs and of the pelvis from their ventral (anterior or volar) surface
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-1_static.jpg

a) Sphenoid bone, body.
b) Temporal bone.
c) Atlas, first cervical vertebra.
d) Atlas, transverse process.
e) Axis (epistropheus), second cervical vertebra.
f) Seventh cervical vertebra.
g) First thoracic vertebra.
h) Twelfth thoracic vertebra.
i) First rib.
k) Twelfth rib.
l) First lumbar vertebra.
m) Fifth lumbar vertebra.
n) Sacral bone.
o) Coccygeal bones.
p) Iliac bone.
q) Iliac crest.
r) Anterior superor iliac spine.
s) Anterior inferior iliac spine.
t) Pubic bone, horizontal ramus.
u) Pubic bone, descending ramus.
v) Pubic symphysis.
w) Ischium bone, ascending ramus.
x) Ischium bone, tuberosities.
y Ischium bone, descending ramus.
z) Femoral bone (femur).

See for details of the bones of the pelvis

anterior longitudinal ligament.
anterior atlantooccipital membrane and atlantooccipital articular membrane.
ligaments and intervertebral disks.
intertransverse ligaments.
capsular ligaments, heads of ribs.
medial ligament at neck of the ribs.
lateral ligament at neck of the ribs.
posterior intercostals ligaments.
lumbocostal ligaments.
superior iliolumbar ligaments.
inferior iliolumbar ligaments.
sacroiliac ligaments.
sacrospinous ligaments.
anterior sacrococcygeal ligament.
ligaments of the obturator foramen.
femoral capsular ligament.
zone of orbicular ligament.
iliofemoral ligament.
bursa for m internal iliac.
pubic bone, arcuate bone.
pubic bone, annular ligament.

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:16 PM
The outer ligament of the right temporomandibular joint

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-2.jpg
a) Temporal bone.
b) External auditory meatus.
c) Zygomatic arch.
d) Mandibular ramus.
e) Mandibular condylar process.
f) Mandibular coronoid process.
g) Mandibular angle.
h) Styloid process.

capsular ligament.
lateral ligament.
stylomandibular ligament.
stylohyoid ligament

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:18 PM
The medial ligament of the right mandible


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-3_static.jpg
a) Temporal bone.
b) Sphenoid bone.
c) Pterygoid process.
d) Mandibular ramus.
e) Mandibular condyle.
f) Mandibular angle.

articular ligament.
pterygomandibular ligament

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:19 PM
The medial ligaments of the joint of the skull; through a wedge opening at the back of the skull and the first and second cervical vertebra, seen from behind (dorsally).

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-4_static.jpg http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-5_static.jpg
a) Occipital bone.
b) Atlas.
c) Second cervical vertebra.
d) Odontoid process.

posterior longitudinal ligament.
tectorial membrane.
cruciform ligament.
transverse ligament.
cruciform ligament, superior vertical.
cruciform ligament, inferior horizontal.
inferior lateral ligament of odontoid process.
superior lateral ligaments of odontoid process (s. alar s. Maucharti, s. check ligament).
capsular ligament of the head with atlas.
ligament transversali.
accessory band of the atlantoaxial capsule.
apical dental ligament

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:20 PM
The ligaments of the thorax seen from the outer or ventral surface (Figure 6) and from the inner or dorsal surface (Figure 7).


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-6_static.jpghttp://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-7_static.jpg
a) Sternoclavicular portion.
b) Manubrium sterni.
c) Corpus sterni or body.
d) Ensiform (xiphoid) process.
e) First rib.
f) Seventh rib.
g) Eighth rib, first false rib.

interclavicular ligament.
medial clavicular capsular ligament.
rhomboid ligament.
interchondral ligament.
anterior sternal membrane.
posterior sternal membrane.
radiate sternocostal ligament (anterior and posterior).
costoxiphoid ligament (anterior and posterior

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:22 PM
The ligaments of the shoulder joint, seen from the front and lateral side


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-8_static.jpg http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-9_static.jpg
a) Acromial part of the clavicle.
b) Acromion.
c) Scapula.
d) Coracoid process.
e) Scapular glenoid cavity.
f) Scapular spine.
g) Humerus.
h) Humeral, head.
i) Greater tubercle.

acromialclavicular ligament.
lateral clavicular capsular ligament.
trapezoid ligament (coracoclavicular ligament).
conoid ligament (coracoclavicular ligament).
coracoacromial ligament.
transverse scapular ligament.
capsulat ligament of the humerus.
tendon of the long head of m biceps brachii.
glenoid ligament

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:22 PM
The ligaments of the left elbow joint, seen from the front and from behind


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-10_static.jpghttp://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-11_static.jpg
a) Humerus.
b) Humerus, lateral condyle.
c) Humerus, medial condyle.
d) Cubital trochlear process.
e) Radius.
f) Radius, neck.
g) Radius, head.
h) Radial tuberosity.
i) Ulna.
k) Olecranon.

articular capsule.
humeroradial ligament.
humeroulnar.
annular ligament of the radius.
oblique cord.
interosseous membrane, cubital end

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:24 PM
Ligaments of the dorsal surface of the left hand


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-12_static.jpg
a) Distal end of the radius.
b) Distal end of the ulna.
c) Radial styloid process.
d) Ulnar styloid process.
e) Scaphoid (carpal) bone.
f) Lunate (carpal) bone.
g) Triquetrum (carpal) bone.
h) Trapezium (carpal) bone.
i) Trapezoideum (carpal) bone.
k) Capitate (carpal) bone.
l) Hamate (carpal) bone

م .نبيل زبن
04-16-2012, 09:26 PM
Ligaments on the volar side of the left hand


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate07/images/7-13_static.jpg
a) Distal end of the radius.
b) Distal end of the ulna.
c) Radial styloid process.
d) Ulnar styloid process.
e) Scaphoid (carpal) bone.
f) Lunate (carpal) bone.
g) Triquetrum (carpal) bone.
h) Trapezium (carpal) bone.
i) Trapezoideum (carpal) bone.
k) Capitate (carpal) bone.
l) Hamate (carpal) bone.
m) Hamulus of the hamate (carpal) bone.
n) Pisiform (carpal) bone.

interosseous membrane.
volar oblique fibrous ligament.
volar straight fibrous ligament.
palmar radiocarpal ligament.
palmar ulnocarpal ligament.
ulnartriquetral ligament.
volar proper carpal bone ligaments.
volar ligaments of carpal and metacarpal bones.
palmar carpometacarpal and metacarpal ligaments.
capsular ligaments of metacarpal bones.
lateral volar metacarpal ligaments.
medial volar metacarpal ligaments

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:42 PM
Ligaments of the vertebral column, pelvis, and lower limb

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/plate8.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:43 PM
Ligaments of the upper cervical vertebra, seen from behind. The cervical vertebral foramen is opened revealing the spinal canal.


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-1_static.jpg

a) Occipital bone.
b) Mastoid process.
c) Fossa for the medulla oblongata.
d) Atlas, first cervical vertebra.
e) Atlas, transverse process.
f) Second cervical vertebra.
g – l) Third to seventh cervical vertebra.
m – p) First to fourth thoracic vertebra.
q – t) First to fourth ribs, proximal end.

posterior longitudinal ligament, origin.
ligamentous apparatus.
accessory capsular ligaments of head of atlas.
apical supraspinal (interspinous) ligaments.
superior supraspinal costotransverse ligaments (medial and lateral).
lateral and superior costotransverse ligaments

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:44 PM
Ligaments of the lower part of the spine, and of the pelvis with the head of the femur, seen from behind (dorsally).

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-2_static.jpg

a - c) Tenth to twelfth thoracic vertebra.
d – h) First to fifth lumbar vertebra.
i – l) Tenth to twelfth ribs (proximal end).
m) Sacrum.
n) Sacral hiatus.
o) Coccyx.
p) Iliac bone.
q) Ischium.
r) Pubis.
s) Femur.

apical (supraspinal, interspinous) ligament.
posterior intercostals ligaments.
lumbocostal ligaments.
superior costotransverse ligaments.
intertransverse ligaments.
superior iliolumbar ligament.
inferior iliolumbar ligaments.
long iliosacral ligament (cut on the right side).
short iliosacral ligament.
inferior iliosacral ligament.
dorsal sacroiliac ligament.
posterior sacrococcygeal ligament.
sacrotuberous ligament.
sacrospinous ligament.
obturator ligament.
ligament of pubic arch.
ligaments of femoral capsule.
zonaorbicularis ligament (ligament of femoral capsule).
iliofemoral ligament (ligament of femoral capsule).
sacrotuberal ligament, falciform process

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:45 PM
The left knee joint with its superficial ligaments

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-3_static.jpg
a) Femur (femoral bone).
b) Medial femoral condyle.
c) Patella.
d) Tibia.
e) Tibial tuberosity.
f) Common extensor tendon of the leg.

patellar (middle) ligament.
patellar (medial) ligament.
tibial collateral ligament.
capsular ligament of the knee.

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:47 PM
The left knee, seen opened from the front

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-4_static.jpg
a) Femur (femoral bone).
b) Medial femoral condyle.
c) Lateral femoral condyle.
d) Articular fossa for patella.
e) Tibia.
f) Medial tibial condyle.
g) Lateral tibial condyle.
h) Tibial tuberosity.
i) Fibula.
k) Fibula, head.
l) Intercondyle eminence.

lateral semilunar cartilage (meniscus).
medial semilunar cartilage (meniscus).
anterior cruciate ligament.
posterior cruciate ligament.
tibial collateral ligament.
head of fibula, capsular ligament.
Interosseous ligament of leg

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:48 PM
The left knee joint, opened from behind


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-5_static.jpg
a) Femur (femoral bone).
b) Medial femoral condyle.
c) Lateral femoral condyle.
d) Intercondylar fossa.
e) Tibia.
f) Lateral condyle of tibia.
g) Medial condyle of tibia.
h) Fibula.
i) Fibula, head.

lateral semilunar cartilage (meniscus).
medial semilunar cartilage (meniscus).
anterior cruciate ligament.
posterior cruciate ligament.
tibial collateral ligament.
head of fibula, capsular ligament.
Interosseous ligament of leg

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:49 PM
Ligaments of plantar surface of the left foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-6_static.jpg
a) Calcaneus, body.
b) Calcaneus, tuberosity.
c) Calcaneus, anterior process.
d) Talus.
e) Navicular bone.
f) Navicular bone, tuberosity.
g) Cuneiform bone, I.
h) Cuneiform bone, II.
i) Cuneiform bone, III.
k) Cuboid bone.
l) Plantar tuberosity of metatarsal of great toe.
m) Metatarsal V bone, tuberosity.
n) Metatarsal bones.
o) Metatarsal bones, heads.

talocalcaneal ligament.
plantar calcaneocuboidal ligament.
plantar calcaneonavicular ligament.
plantar cuboideonavicular ligaments.
plantar navicularcuneiform ligaments.
plantar cuboideocuneiform ligaments.
plantar intercuneiform ligaments.
plantar cuboideometatarsal.
plantar and dorsal cuneometatarsal ligament of great toe (hallux).
plantar ligaments of the base of metatarsal bones.
plantar cuboideometatarsal ligaments.
ligaments of the heads of metatarsal bones.
cartilagenous groove of the phalanx for flexor tendon.
medial transverse ligaments of toes.
lateral transverse ligaments of toes.
cruciate ligaments.
intersesamoid ligaments

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:51 PM
Left foot, seen from the medial side

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-7_static.jpg
a) Tibia.
b) Fibula.
c) Medial malleolus.
d) Talus.
e) Calcaneous.
f) Calcaneous, tuberosity.
g) Sustentaculum tali.
h) Cuboid bone.
i) Navicular bone.
k) Cuneiform bone, I.
l) Cuneiform bone, II.
m) Metatarsal (of great toe) bone.
n) Base of metatarsal I bone.
o) Head of metatarsal I bone.
p) Hallux (great toe), phalanx I bone.
q) Hallux (great toe), phalanx II bone.
r) Second toe.

deltoid (medial) ligament.
posterior talofibular ligament.
posterior talocalcaneous ligament.
plantar calcaneocuboid ligament (4 and 6 combined named bifurcate ligament).
dorsal talonavicular ligament.
calcaneonavicular ligament.
lateral cuneonavicular ligament.
dorsal cuneonavicular (cuneiform I) ligament.
cuneonavicular (cuneiform II) ligament.
dorsal intercuneiform ligament.
dorsal ligament of base of metatarsal of hallux (great toe).
plantar ligament of base of metatarsal of hallux (great toe).
lateral collateral ligaments of phalanges.

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:52 PM
The left foot, seen from the lateral side

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate08/images/8-8_static.jpg
a) Fibula.
b) Tibia.
c) Lateral malleolus.
d) Calcaneous, body.
e) Calcaneous, tuberosity.
f) Calcaneous, anterior process.
g) Cuboid.
h) Talus.
i) Navicular bone.
k) Cuneiform, II bone.
l) Cuneiform, III bone.
m) Cuneiform, I bone.
n) Tuberosity of metatarsal V.

interosseous ligament of leg.
posterior tibiofibular ligament.
superior anterior tibiofibular ligament.
inferior anterior tibiofibular ligament.
middle calcaneofibular ligament.
posterior calcaneofibular ligament.
anterior calcaneofibular ligament.
tarsal ligamentous ligament.
dorsal calcuneocuboid ligament.
plantar calcaneocuboid ligament.
dorsal calcaneonavicular ligament.
dorsal talonavicular ligament.
dorsal cuboideonavicular ligament.
dorsal navicularcuneiform III ligament.
dorsal navicularcuneiform II ligament.
dorsal intercuneiform ligaments.
dorsal cuboideometatarseum V ligaments.
dorsal tarsal – and metatarsal interosseous ligaments.
dorsal ligaments of the metatarsal base.
lateral collateral ligaments of phalanges

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:54 PM
Muscles of the face and neck
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/images/plate9.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:56 PM
Superficial face and neck muscles, seen from the front


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/images/9-1_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone.
b) Zygomatic process.
c) Zygomatic bone.
d) Zygomatic arch.
e) Maxilla.
f) Mandible.
g) Nasal cartilage.
h) Clavicle.
i) Inferior lip.
k) Upper lip.
l) Lower eyelid.
m) Medial palpebral ligament.

frontal m.
galea aponeurotica.
procerus m (s. pyramidalis nasi m. in continuity with the frontal m).
orbicularis oculi m., internal stratum.
external stratum of orbicularis oculi m.
corrigator supercilii (covered by orbicularis oculi).
m. levator labii superioris alaeque nasi.
m. levator labi superioris propria.
m. zygomaticus minor.
m. zygomaticus major.
m. levator anguli oris.
m. levator palpebrae superioris.
m. buccinator.
m. orbicularis oris (s. sphincter oris).
m. depressor anguli oris (s. triangularis menti).
m. depressor labi inferioris (s. quadratus menti).
m. levator menti (s. mentalis).
m. masseter.
m. temporalis.
m. sternocleidomastoideus.
m. sternocleidomastoideus, clavicular portion.
m. sternocleidomastoideus, sternal portion.
m. sternohyoideus.
m. sternothyroideus.
m. trapezius, anterior portion.
m. omohyoideus.
m. levator anguli scapulae.
m. scalenus anterior.
m. scalenus media.
m. auricularis anterior.
m. compressor nasi (s. nasilis

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:57 PM
Neck muscles, on the right side of the neck


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/images/9-2_static.jpg
a) Mandible, body.
b) Mandible, angle.
c) Mandible, ramus.
d) Mastoid process.
e) Occipital bone (superior semilunar line).
f) Clavicle.
g) Scapula.
h) Acromion.
i) Coracoid process.
k) First rib.
l) manubrium sterni.
m) Hyoid bone (body s. basis).
n) Hyoid bone, greater horn.
o) Styloid process.
p) Larynx (thyroid cartilage).
q) Thyroid gland.
r) Trachea.
s) Esophagus.

m. digastric, anterior belly.
m. digastric, posterior belly.
hyodigastric membrane (sling).
m. mylohyoideus.
m. hyoglossus.
m. stylohyoid.
m. digastricus, posterior belly (passing through tendon of the stylohyoid muscle).
m. styloglossus.
m. stylopharyngeus.
m. middle pharyngeal constrictor.
m. inferior pharyngeal constrictor.
thyrohyoid membrane.
m. thyrohyoid.
m. sternohyoid.
m. sternothyroideus.
m. omohyoideus, superior belly.
m. omohyoideus, inferior belly.
m. omohyoideus, intermediate tendon.
m. longus colli.
m. rectus capitis anterior major.
m. anterior scalene.
m. middle and posterior scalene.
m. levator anguli scapulae.
m. spenius capitis.
m. sternocleidomastoideus.
m. obliquus capitis superior.
m. obliquus capitis inferior.
m. trapezius (s. cucullaris).
m. deltoideus.

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 10:58 PM
Neck muscles of the anterior surface


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/images/9-4_static.jpg
a) Mandible.
b) Hyoid bone.
c) Larynx.
d) Thyroid gland.
e) Trachea.
f) Mastoid process.
g) Clavicle.
h) Manubrium sterni.
i) Tongue.

m. digastricus, anterior belly.
m. digastricus, posterior belly.
hyodigastric membrane.
m. mylohyoideus.
m. hyoglossus.
m. stylohyoid.
m. styloglossus.
m. stylopharyngeus.
m. geniohyoideus.
m. thyreohyoideus.
m. sternothyroideus.
m. inferior pharyngeal constrictor.
m. sternohyoideus.
m. omohyoideus, inferior belly.
m. omohyoideus, superior belly.
m. cricothyreoideus.
m. longus colli.
m. scalenus anterior.
m. scalenus medius.
m. scalenus posterior.
m. levator anguli scapulae.
m. splenius capitis.

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:00 PM
The deep neck muscles of the right side of the neck


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/images/9-3_static.jpg
a) Mastoid process.
b) Hyoid bone (s. linguale bone).
c) External auditory meatus.
d) Mandible.
e) Styloid process.
f) Atlas, transverse process.
g) Maxillary bone.
h) Hyoid bone.
i) Larynx.
k) Trachea.
l) Clavicle.
m) Rib, first.
n) Acromion.
o) Coracoid process.
p) Esophagus.
q) Scapular spine.

m. orbicularis oris.
m. buccinator.
m. superior pharyngeal constrictor.
m. styloglossus.
m. stylopharyngeus.
m. middle pharyngeal constrictor (ceratopharyngeus).
m. hyoglossus.
m. stylohyoideus.
m. thyreohyoideus.
m. inferior pharyngeal constrictor.
m. thyreohyoid membrane.
m. cricothyreoideus.
m. rectus capitis anterior major.
m. scalenus anterior.
m. scalenus media.
m. scalenus inferior.
m. levator anguli scapulae.
m. splenius capitis.
m. serratus posterior superior.
m. superior rhomboid.
m. trapezius.
m. supraspinatus.
m. sternothyreoideus.

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:01 PM
Muscles of palate, jaw, neck, and back

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/plate10.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:06 PM
Muscles of the (mandible), seen from behind


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/10-1_static.jpg
a) Occipital bone.
b) Temporal bone, petrous part.
c) Mandibular ramus.
d) Hyoid bone.
e) Thyroid cartilage.
f) Thyrohyoid ligament.
g) Esophagus.
h) Trachea.
i) Styloid process.
k) Stylomandibular ligament.

m. superior pharyngeal constrictor.
m. middle pharyngeal constrictor.
m. inferior pharyngeal constrictor.
m. stylopharyngeus.
m. styloglossus.
m. mylohyoideus.
m. internal pterygoid.
m. masseter.
m. buccinator

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:08 PM
Muscles of the palate, jaw, and larynx, seen from behind after removal of the posterior wall of the pharynx


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/10-2_static.jpg
a) Occipital bone, basilar part.
b) Temporal bone, petrous part.
c) Mandible, ramus.
d) Styloid process.
e) Nasal choanae.
f) Mandible, condyle.
g) Lingula (tongue).
h) Epiglottis.
i) Larynx, posterior wall.
k) Esophagus.
l) Trachea.

m. superior pharyngeal constrictor.
m. middle pharyngeal constrictor.
m. inferior pharyngeal constrictor.
m. uvulae (azygos uvulae).
m. levator veli palatini.
m. tensor veli palatini.
m. posterior cricoarytenoid.
m. palatopharyngeus

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:09 PM
Muscles of the tongue, seen from the right side


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/10-3_static.jpg
a) Mandible, body.
b) Mandible, ramus.
c) Styloid process.
d) Hyoid bone.
e) Larynx.
f) Lingula.

m. lingualis.
m. genioglossus.
m. hyoglossus.
m. styloglossus.
m. stylopharyngeus.
m. geniohyoideus.
m. mylohyoideus (s. digastricus).
thyrohyoid membrane

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:10 PM
The masseter muscle of the posterior surface of the mandible


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/10-4_static.jpg
a) Sphenoid bone.
b) Temporal bone, petrous part.
c) Mandible, condyle.
d) Mandible, ramus.
e) Mandible, body.
f) Hard palate.
h) Nasal choanae.

m. internal pterygoid.
m. external pterygoid.
m. masseter.
m. mylohyoid.
m. genioglossus.
m. geniohyoid

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:11 PM
Muscles of the soft palate, seen from the inner side and from behind


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/10-5_static.jpg
a) Sphenoid bone, body.
b) Temporal bone, petrous partion.
c) Mandible, condyle.
d) Mandible, ramus.
e) Hard palate.
f) Pterygoid process.
g) Pterygoid hamulus.
h) Nasal choanae.
i) Auditory tube.

m. external pterygoid.
m. levator veli palatini.
m. tensor veli palatini.
m. uvulae.
m palatopharyngeus

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:13 PM
Middle of the nape of the neck, after removal of m. trapezius



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/10-6_static.jpg
a) Occipital bone.
b) Superior semicircular line.
c) Mastoid process.
d) Atlas, first cervical vertebra.
e) Seventh cervical vertebra.
f) First, thoracic vetebra.
g) Eighth thoracic vertebra.
h – l) First to fourth ribs.
m) Ligamentum nuchae.
n) Apical ligaments.

m. splenius capitis.
m. splenius colli.
m. serratus posterior superior.
m. semispinalis capitis, medial head.
m. semispinalis capitis.
m. longissimus, cervicis.
m. longissimus, thoracis (dorsi

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:15 PM
Deep neck and spinal muscles, after removal of shoulder blades (scapulae).

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate10/images/10-7_static.jpg
a) Occipital bone.
b) Mastoid process.
c) Seventh cervical vertebra, spinous process.
d) First rib.
e) Twelfth rib.
f) Iliac bone.

m. semispinalis, medial head.
m. semispinalis, capitis.
m. longissimus capitis.
m. longissimus cervicis.
m. iliocostalis, cervicis.
m. iliocostalis.
m. longissimus thoracis.
m. iliocostalis.
m. spinalis, thoracis (dorsi).
m spinalis, cervicis.
m. semispinalis thoracis.
mm. levator costarum (ribs).
mm. intercostals.
m. superior capitis oblique

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:16 PM
Muscles of the face, trunk, arms, and feet

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate11/images/plate11.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:18 PM
Head, trunk, and arm muscles, at the anterior surface of the body


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate11/images/11-1_static.jpg

a) Skull, with galea aponeurotica.
b) Zygomatic bone.
c) Mandible.
d) Thyroid cartilage.
e) Trachea.
f) Clavicle.
g) Sternum, manubrium.
h) Sternum, body.
i) Coracoid process.
k) Acromion.
l) First rib cartilage.
m) Second rib cartilage.
n) Third rib cartilage.
o) Fourth rib cartilage.
p) Pubic symphysis.
q) Anterior superior iliac spine.
r) Humerus.
s) Interclavicular ligament.
t) Rhomboid ligament.
u) Coruscantia ligaments.
v) Claviculoacromial ligament.
w) Coracoclavicular ligament.

m. frontalis.
m. procerus.
m. auricularis superior.
m. auricularis anterior.
m. orbicularis palpebrum, strata external and internal.
m. levator labii superioris alaeque nasi (and compressornasi).
m. levator labii superioris proprius.
m. zygomaticus minor.
m. zygomaticus major.
m. levator anguli oris.
m. masseter.
m. buccinator.
m. triangularis menti (depressor anguli oris).
m. quadratus menti.
m. levator menti.
m. orbicularis oris.
The facial muscles are seen in Plate 9 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/index.shtml), figures 1 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/01sffaceneckfront.shtml) and 4 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/04deepneckr.shtml).

m. platysma.
m. sternocleidomastoideus.
m. sternohyoideus.
mm. scalenes.
The neck muscles are seen in Plate 9 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/index.shtml), figures 2 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/02rneckmuscles.shtml), 3 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/03neckanterior.shtml), and 4 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate09/04deepneckr.shtml).

m. pectoralis major.
m. pectoralis minor.
m. subclavius.
m. serratus anterior.
m. external abdominal oblique (s. descendens).
linea alba and navel.
m. rectus abdominis.
tendinous inscriptions.
m. pyramidalis.
m. internal abdominal oblique.
m. inguinal ligament (pouparts).
inguinal ligament, lateral crus.
inguinal ligament, medial crus.
intercrural fibers, abdominal annulus.
posterior inguinal annulus.
inguinal canal.
m. deltoid.
m. coracobrachialis.
m. biceps brachii, short head.
m. biceps brachii, long head.
m. biceps brachii.
m. subscapularis.
m. brachialis.
m. triceps, medial head.
m. pronator teres.
m. brachioradialis.
m. flexor carpi radialis.
m. palmaris longus.
m. flexor carpi ulnaris.
m. flexor digitorum superficialis.
m. flexor pollicis longus.
flexor retinaculum (transverse carpal ligament).
mm. ball of thumb (m. flexor and abductor pollicis brevis).
m. palmaris brevis.
m. adductor pollicis.
m. extensor carpi radialis longus.
m. extensor carpi radialis brevis.
m. abductor pollicis longus.
m. extensor pollicis brevis.
m. extensor pollicis longus.
m. extensor indicis proprius.
m. extensor digitorum communis.
m. external interosseous I.
mm. lumbricles.
m. abductor digiti quinti (V).
femoral fascia, fascia lata.
fossa ovalis.
Fascia lata, falciform border

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:21 PM
The aponeurosis of the plantar surface of the right foot, from which only the skin is removed


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate11/images/11-2_static.jpg
a) Calcaneus.
b) Plantar fascia.
c) Plantar flexor retinaculum extends from the calcaneus as five bands, it extends toward the toes, and connects to
d) transverse bands.
e) Sheath of m. abductor and flexor hallucis brevis.
f) Sheath of m. abductor and flexor digiti V (quinti) brevis.
g) Cutis (skin) and m. abductor hallucis

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:23 PM
The superficial muscles of the plantar surface of the foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate11/images/11-3_static.jpg
a) Calcaneus.
b) Tuberosity of metatarsal V.
c) Head of metatarsal I.

m. flexor digitorum brevis.
tendon m. flexor digitorum communis longus.
m. abductor hallucis.
m. flexor hallucis brevis.
m. abductor digiti minimi.
m. flexor digiti minimi brevis.
tendon m. flexor hallucis longus.
mm. lumbricles

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:24 PM
The middle muscle layer of the sole of the right foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate11/images/11-4_static.jpg
a) Tuberosity of the calcaneus.
b) Tuberosity of metatarsal V.
c) Tuberosity of navicular bone.
d) Lacinate ligament ( s. internal annular ligament, NA retinaculum musculorum flexorum), deep layer.
e) Lacinate ligament, superficial layer (NA retinaculum musculorum flexorum).
f) Ligaments of metatarsal heads.

tendon m. flexor digitorum communis longus.
m. quadratus plante.
mm lumbricles.
tendon m. flexor hallucis longus.
tendon m. peromeus longus.
m. abductor hallucis.
m. flexor hallucis brevis.
m. flexor digiti V (minimi) brevis.
m. interosseus internus III.
m. adductor hallucis, transverse head

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:27 PM
The deep muscle layer of the sole of the right foot

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate11/images/11-5_static.jpg
a) Calcaneal tuberosity.
b) Metatarsal bone V, tuberosity.
c) Navicular bone, tuberosity.
d) Calcanealcubital ligament.
e) Tendon m. peroneus longus.

m. flexor hallucis brevis.
m. adductor hallucis.
m. tranversus pedis.
m. abductor digiti minimi.
m. flexor digiti V (minimi) brevis.
mm. dorsal interosseus pedis.

م .نبيل زبن
04-17-2012, 11:28 PM
The muscles of the back of the right foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate11/images/11-6_static.jpg
a) Calcaneus.
b) Talus.
c) Metatarsal V bone, tubersity.

m. extensor hallucis brevis.
m. extensor digitorum communis brevis.
m. dorsal interosseus I.
m. dorsal interosseus II.
m. dorsal interosseus III.
m. dorsal interosseus IV.
m. abductor digiti V (quinti

Palboy
04-18-2012, 06:26 PM
الموضوع حقا كبير و يحتاج الى الكثير من الصبر لاماله
نفع الله بك المسلمين و المسلمات اخي نبيل
دائما سباق للخير

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:21 PM
الموضوع حقا كبير و يحتاج الى الكثير من الصبر لاماله
نفع الله بك المسلمين و المسلمات اخي نبيل
دائما سباق للخير


مرورك يشرفنى و يسعدني دائما ابن فلسطين
لا عدمنا مرورك الجميل و الكبير

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:29 PM
Muscles of the torso and arms

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate12/images/plate12.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:31 PM
Muscles of the neck, back, and dorsal surface of the arm


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate12/images/12-1_static.jpg
a) Skull with galea aponeurotica.
b) Occipital superior semicircular line.
c) Mandible, ramus.
d) Spinous process, cervical vertebra.
e) Spinous process, thoracic vertebra.
f) Spinous process, lumbar vertebra.
g) Os sacrum.
h) Iliac crest.
i) Ischial tuberosity.
k) Os ischium.
l) Os ilium.
m) Greater trochanter of humerus.
n) Clavicle.
o) Scapular spine.
p) Scapula, dorsal edge.
q) Acromion.
r) Os brachii, greater tubercle of humerus.
s) Os brachii (humerus).
t) Ulna, olecranon process.
u) Humerus, medial condyle.
v) Humerus, lateral condyle.
w) Ulna.
x) Common palmar carpal ligament
y) Common dorsal carpal ligament.
z) Twelfth rib (costa ultima).

m. fromtalis.
m. palpebrum orbicularis.
m. auricularis superior (attolens).
mm auricularis posterior (retrahentes).
m. auricularis anterior (attrehens).
m. masseter.
m. occipital.
m. sternocleidomastoid.
m. splenius capitis.
m. splenius cervicis.
m. semispinalis cervicis.
m. levator scapulae.
m. trapezius.
m. rhomboideus minor.
m. rhomboideus major.
m. latissimus dorsi.
m. serratus posterior inferior.
m. serratus anterior.
mm. external intercostals.
m. iliocostalis.
m. external abdominal oblique.
m. internal abdominal oblique.
m. gluteus maximus (right side removed).
m. gluteus medius.
m. pyriformis.
m. superior gemellus.
m. obturator internus.
m. inferior gemellus.
m. quadratus femoris.
m. obturator externus.
m. vastus lateralis.
m. semimembranosus.
m. adductor magnus (with gaps for perforant rami of profundus femoris artery).
m. supraspinatus.
m. infraspinatus.
m. teres minor.
m. teres major.
m. deltoid.
m. triceps brachii.
m. triceps brachii, long head.
m. triceps brachii, lateral head.
m. triceps brachii, medial head.
m. anconeus.
m. brachialis.
m. brachioradialis.
m. extensor digitorum communis.
m. extensor carpi ulnaris.
tendons of mm. extensors carpi radialis.
m. extensor pollicis brevis.
m. abductor pollicis longus.
m. extensor pollicis longus.
mm. flexors (carpi and digitorum) on the volar surface of the forearm.

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:33 PM
Deep neck muscles


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate12/images/12-2_static.jpg
a) Sphenoid bone, body.
b) Temporal bone, petrous portion.
c) Atlas, anterior tubercle.
d) Atlas, transverse process.
e) Vertebra, first thoracic.
f) Rib, first.
g) Rib, second.

m. longus colli.
m. rectus capitis anterior major.
m. rectus capitis anterior minor.
m. rectus capitis lateralis.
m. anterior scalene.
m. middle scalene.
m. posterior scalene.
mm. intertransversarii.

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:34 PM
Deep muscles of the neck

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate12/images/12-3_static.jpg
a) Occipital bone.
b) Mastoid process.
c) Atlas, posterior tubercle.
d) Atlas, transverse process.
e) Axis, transverse process.
f) Axis, spinous process.
g) Vertebra (seventh cervical), spinous process.

m. rectus capitis posterior minor.
m. rectus capitis posterior major.
m. superior oblique capitis.
m. inferior oblique capitis.
m. interspinales.
m. multifidus (spinae), cervical

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:35 PM
Tendons and tendon sheaths on the dorsum of the right hand


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate12/images/12-4_static.jpg
a) Ulna.
b) Radius.
c) Dorsal carpal ligaments.
d) Carpal bones (carpus).

vagina (sheath) for mm. abductor longus and extensor pollicis brevis.
vagina for mm. extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis.
vagina for m. extensor pollicis longus.
vagina for mm. extensor digitorum communis and indicis proprius.
vagina for m. extensor digiti minimi.
vagina for m. extensor carpi ulnaris

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:36 PM
Volar surface of the right hand with its palmar fascia (palmar aponeurosis

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate12/images/12-5_static.jpg
a) Radius.
b) Pisiform bone.
c) Thenar eminence.
d) Hypothenar eminence.

m. palmaris brevis.
m. palmaris longus.
volar carpal ligament communis.
volar carpal ligament proprius.
Palmar aponeurosis.
Tendon of palmar aponeurosis.
Transverse palmar ligament.
vaginae and ligaments of mm. flexor muscles.
tendon of m. flexor carpi ulnaris.
tendon of m. flexor carpi radialis

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:37 PM
Muscles of the abdomen, pelvis, and arm
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate13/images/plate13.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:38 PM
Muscles of the upper and posterior abdominal and pelvic wall, the diaphragm extending from the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate13/images/13-1_static.jpg
a) Inferior wall of the thorax.
b) Sternal xiphoid process.
c) Opened abdominal wall (mm. obliqui and m. transverses abdominis are seen).
d) Pubic symphysis.
e) Pubic bone, horizontal ramus.
f) Lumbar vertebra.
g) Sacral bone.
h) Coccyx.
i) Iliac crest.


diaphragm, costal part (muscular).
diaphragm, central tendon (s. speculum Helmontii diaphragmatis).
diaphragm, lumbar part, medial cruz (leg).
diaphragm, lumbar part, middle cruz
diaphragm, lumbar part, lateral cruz (Passing between the lateral and middle crus, sympathetic nerves, vena azygos, linkage with the vena hemiazygos; between the medial and middle cruz, the greater splanchnic passes as well as links of vena hemiazygos, and the lesser splanchnic nerve pierces the middle cruz).
foramen quadratum (for the vena cava).
foramen esophageum (for the esophagus and vagal nerves).
Aortic hiatus (for the aorta, thoracic duct, and occasionally vena azygos or hemiazygos.
m. psoas major.
m. psoas minor.
m. quadratus lumborum.
m. transverses abdominis (with fascia transversa).
m. iliacus interna.
m. pyriformis.
m. levator ani.
m. sartorius.
m. rectus femoris.
m. pectineus.
m. adductor longus.
m. tensor fascia lata.
m. gluteus media.

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:40 PM
Muscles of the male perineum and anus

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate13/images/13-2_static.jpg
a) Ischial tuberosity.
b) Ischial bone, ascending ramus.
c) Sacrotuberous ligament.
d) Os coccyx.
e) Corpus cavernosum urethrae (bulbocavernosus).
f) Corpus cavernosum (penis).
g) Anus (s. orificium intestini recti).
h) Penis.
i) Ductus deferens and associated structures.

m. bulbocavernosus.
m. ischiocavernosus.
m. transverse perinaei.
m. sphincter ani externus.
m. levator ani.
m. coccygeus (s. ischiococcygeus).
m. adductor longus.
m. gracilis.
m. adductor magnus.
m. gluteus maximus.

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:41 PM
Deep forearm and hand muscles on the volar (palmar) side

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate13/images/13-3_static.jpg
a) Os brachii (humerus), distal end.
b) Os brachii (humerus), lateral condyle.
c) Os brachii (humerus), medial condyle.
d) Radius, capitulum.
e) Radius, neck.
f) Radial styloid process.
g) Ulnar styloid process.
h) Os pisiform.
i) Os hamate, hamulus (hook of hamate).
k) Interosseous membrane.

m. flexor pollicis longus.
m. flexor digitorum profundus, communis (s. perforans).
m. pronator quadratus.
m. adductor pollicis.
m. interosseus II, palmar.
m. interosseus III, palmar

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:43 PM
Deep forearm and hand muscles on the dorsal surface


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate13/images/13-4_static.jpg
a) Os brachii (humerus), distal end.
b) Os brachii (humerus), lateral condyle.
c) Os brachii (humerus), medial condyle.
d) Olecranon (ulna).
e) Radial capitulum.
f) Radius.
g) Ulna.
h) Carpus (wrist bones).

m. brachialis.
m. anconeus (quartus).
m. supinator.
m. abductor pollicis longus.
m. extensor pollicis brevis.
m. extensor pollicis longus.
m. extensor proprius indicis.
mm. extensors carpi radialis.
m. flexor carpi ulnaris.
m. interosseus I, dorsal.
m. interosseus II, dorsal.
m. interosseus III, dorsal.
m. interosseus IV, dorsal.
m. adductor pollicis.
tendons of m. extensor digitorum communi

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:44 PM
Volar surface of the right hand, from which the aponeurosis and proximal muscles have been removed

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate13/images/13-5_static.jpg
a) Os pisiform.
b) Volar carpal ligament (proper).
c) Os metacarpal, pollicis.

m. abductor pollicis brevis.
m. flexor pollicis brevis.
m. opponens pollicis.
m. adductor pollicis.
m. flexor pollicis longus.
m. abductor digiti minimi.
m. flexor digiti minimi brevis.
mm. flexor digitorum communis.
Tendons of m. flexor digitorum superficialis (s. perforati).
Tendons of m. flexor digitorum profundus (s. perforantis).
m. lumbrical I (arises from the tendon of the preceding muscle and inserts on the radial side of the first phalanx).
m. lumbrical II (arises from the tendon of the preceding muscleand inserts on the radial side of the first phalanx).
m. lumbrical III (arising from the tendon of the preceding muscle and inserts on the radial side of the first phalanx).
m. lumbrical IV (arises from the tendon of the preceding muscle and inserts on the radial side of the first phalanx).
Tendon of m. flexor carpi radialis.
m. pronator quadratus.
m. flexor carpi ulnaris.
m. interosseous I, palmar

م .نبيل زبن
04-18-2012, 09:45 PM
The left palmar deep hand muscles.


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate13/images/13-6_static.jpg
a) Radial styloid process.
b) Os pisiform.
c) Volar carpal ligament (proprius).

m. pronator quadratus.
m. opponens pollicis.
m. adductor pollicis.
m. opponens digiti minimi.
m. interosseus I, palmar (s. abductor indicis).
m. interosseus I, dorsal (s. adductor indicis).
m. interosseus III, dorsal (s. adductor digiti minimi).
m. interosseus IV, palmar (s. abductor digiti quarti).
m. interosseus III, dorsal (s. adductor digiti quarti).
m. interosseus III, palmar (s. abductor digiti medii internus).
m. interosseus II, palmar (s. abductor digiti medii externus

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:20 PM
Muscles of the anterior and lateral surface of the legs
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate14/images/plate14.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:22 PM
Muscles of the anterior surface of the lower limb


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate14/images/14-1_static.jpg

a) Iliac crest.
b) Anterior superior iliac spine.
c) Greater trochanter of femur.
d) Os pubis, symphysis.
e) Lesser trochanter of femur.
f) Patella.
g) Tibial tuberosity.
h) Tibial crest.
i) Medial malleolus.
k) Lateral malleolus (fibular).
l) Inferior extensor retinaculum.
m) Fibula.
n) Linea alba.
o) Inguinal ligament (s. Poupartii s. Fallopii).
p) Medial cruz, inguinal ligament.
q) Lateral cruz, inguinal ligament.
r) External inguinal ring (s. anulus abdominalis s. inguinalis inferior).
s) Internal inguinal ring (s. annulus abdominalis internus s. inguinalis superioris).
t) Posterior wall of the inguinal canal.

m. external abdominal oblique.
m. transverses abdominis.
m. tensor fascia lata.
m. gluteus medius.
m. internal iliac.
m. psoas major.
m. Pectineus.
m. sartorius.
m. adductor longus (s. primus).
m. rectus femoris.
tendon, extensor digitorum communis.
patellar ligament.
m. vastus medialis.
m. intermedius (with m. articularis genu).
14*. m. vastus lateralis.
m. gracilis.
m. adductor magnus (s. tertius).
m. tibialis anterior.
m. extensor hallucis longus.
m. extensor digitorum (communis) longus.
m. peroneus tertius.
m. peroneus longus and brevis.
m. gastrocnemius.
m. soleus.
m. extensor hallucis brevis.
m. extensor digitorum (communis) brevis

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:24 PM
Muscles of the lateral side of the lower limb


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate14/images/14-2_static.jpg
a) Iliac crest.
b) Anterior superior iliac spine.
c) Genu of the lateral condyle (femur and tibia).
d) Tibia.
e) Patella.
f) Tarsal cruciate ligament.
g) Retinaculum musculorum extensorum inferius.
h) Retinaculum musculorum flexorum.

m. tensor fascia lata.
fascia lata.
m. gluteus medius.
m. gluteus maximus.
m. sartorius.
m. rectus femoris.
m. vastus lateralis.
m. biceps femoris (long head).
m. biceps femoris (short head).
m. tibialis anterior.
m. extensor digitorum (communis) longus.
m. extensor hallucis longus.
m. peroneus tertius (s. parvus).
m. peroneus longus (s. primus).
m. peroneus brevis (s. secundus).
vagina (sheath) of the retinaculum of the peroneal (fibular) muscles retaining the tendons of peroneus longus and brevis as they cross the lateral malleolus of the ankle.
m. soleus.
m. gastrocnemius.
m. tendon of Achilles (s. calcaneal tendon).
m. extensor digitorum (communis) brevis.
m. abductor digiti minimi

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:25 PM
Muscles of the dorsal and medial surface of the legs
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate15/images/plate15.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:27 PM
The superficial and deep muscles of the posterior surface of the pelvis and the thigh and leg


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate15/images/15-1_static.jpg
a) Iliac crest.
b) Os Ilium (with the greater sciatic notch).
c) Coccyx.
d) Ischial tuberosity.
e) Os ischium, ascending ramus.
f) Os pubis, descending ramus.
g) Greater trochanter.
h) Os sacrum.
i) Sacrospinous ligament.
k) Sacrotuberous ligament.
l) Femur, linea aspera.
m) Os femur.
n) Popliteal fossa.
o) Fibula.
p) Lateral malleolus.
q) Medial malleolus.
r) Tendon of Achilles on the calcaneal tuberosity.
s) Tibial oblique line.

m. gluteal maximus.
m. gluteus medius.
m. pyriformis.
m. superior gemellus.
m. obturator internus.
m. inferior gemellus.
m. quadratus femoris.
m. obturator externus.
m. biceps femoris, long head.
m. biceps femoris, short head.
Tendon of biceps femoris.
m. semitendinosis.
m. semimembranosus.
m. adductor magnus.
Cleft in m. adductor magnus for rami perforantes of the deep femoral (profundus) artery and vein.
15*. Cleft for the femoral artery and vein.
m. gracilis.
m. sartorius.
m. vastus lateralis.
m. popliteus.
m. gastrocnemius.
m. gastrocnemius, lateral head.
m. gastrocnemius, medial head.
m. plantaris.
tendon of m. plantaris.
Tendon of Achilles (calcaneal tendon).
m. soleus.
m. peroneus longus.
m. peroneus brevis.
m. flexor hallucis longus.
m. tibialis posterior.
m. flexor communis digitorum (pedis) longus

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:29 PM
Muscles of the medial surface of the pelvis, as well as the right thigh and leg



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate15/images/15-2_static.jpg
a) Iliac crest.
b) Os sacrum.
c) Os coccygis.
d) Internal iliac arcuate line (innominate arcuate line).
e) Symphysis pubis.
f) Obturator foramen.
g) Sacrotuberous ligament.
h) Sacrospinous ligament.
i) Greater sciatic foramen.
k) Lesser sciatic foramen.
l) Os pubis, descending ramus.
m) Os ischium, ascending ramus.
n) Anterior sacral foramen.
o) Ischial tuberosity.
p) Medial condyle (femoral and tibia).
q) Patella.
r) Tibia (medial superficial).
s) Medial malleolus.
t) Medial laciniatum tarsal ligament.
u) M. gluteus maximus.

m. psoas major.
m. internal iliac.
m. obturator internus (it passes through the greater sciatic notch).
m. piriformis (it passes through the greater sciatic notch).
m. sartorius.
m. adductor longus (s. primus).
m. gracilis.
m. vastus medialis.
m. rectus femoris.
m. adductor magnus (s. tertus).
m. semimembranosus.
m. semitendinosus.
m. gastrocnemius (medial head).
m. soleus.
tendon of Achilles.
m. flexor digitorum (communis) longus (s. perforans).
m. flexor hallucis longus.
m. tibialis posterior.
tendon of m. tibialis anterior.
tendon of m. extensor hallucis longus.
m. adductor hallucis

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:31 PM
Heart and its openings

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/plate16.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:33 PM
The intact heart seen from the anterior surface lying in the opened pericardium

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-1_static.jpg

a) Auricle of right atrium.
b) Auricle of left atrium.
c) Right ventricle.
d) Left ventricle.
e) Transverse sulcus.
f) Anterior longitudinal sulcus.
g) Apex of heart.
h) Pericardium.

pulmonary artery.
ascending aorta.
right coronary artery.
anterior descending coronary artery.
great cardiac vein, origin

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:34 PM
The intact heart seen from its dorsal surface, with the pericardium removed


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-2_static.jpg
a) Left atrium, vestibule.
b) Left pulmonary vein.
c) Right pulmonary vein.
d) Right atrium, vestibule.
e) Ostium of inferior vena cava.
f) Left ventricle.
g) Right ventricle.
h) Transverse sulcus.
i) Posterior longitudinal sulcus.
k) Apex of heart (s. mucro cordis).
l) Pericardium.

right coronary artery.
right coronary artery, descending ramus.
circumflex ramus (s. coronarius s. posterior ramus) of left coronary artery.
great coronary vein.
middle coronary vein.
right coronary vein

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:36 PM
The heart seen from the anterior surface with opened heart chambers

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-3_static.jpg
a) Right atrium, vestibule.
b) Right auricle of right atrium.
c) Superior vena cava.
d) Inferior vena cava.
e) Left atrium.
f) Left auricle of left atrium.
g. Pulmonary vein.
h) Pulmonary artery.
i) Ascending aorta.
k) Right ventricle, right heart chamber.
l) Left ventricle, left heart chamber.
m) Apex of heart.
n) Ventricular septum.
o) Pulmonary artery, ostium.
p) Aorta, ostium.
q) Tricuspid valve.
r) Mitral valve (s. bicuspidalis).
s) Chordae tendineae.
t) Papillary muscle.
u) Trabeculae carneae

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:38 PM
The heart seen from the right side with opened right vestibule

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-4_static.jpg
a) Atrial septum.
b) Superior vena cava.
c) Inferior vena cava.
d) Eustachian valve (valve of the inferior vena cava).
e) Fossa ovalis (with annulus s. isthmus s. limbus fossa ovalis).
f) Ostium of the great cardiac vein (with valvulae Thesbii).
g) Right auricle, with pectinate muscles.
h) Right atrioventricular ostium.
i) Right ventricle.
k) Left ventricle

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:40 PM
Right heart chamber, opened from its anterior surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-5_static.jpg
a) Right atrioventricular chambers (s. ostium venosum).
b) Tricuspid valve, anterior cusp.
c) Tricuspid valve, posterior cusp.
d) Tricuspid valve, septal cusp.
e) Chordae tendineae.
f) Papillary muscle.
g) Trabeculae carneae.
h) Pulmonary artery (cut).
i) Ostium of pulmonary artery, anterior semilunar cusp.
k) Ostium of pulmonary artery, right semilunar cusp.
l) Ostium of pulmonary artery, left semilunar cusp.
m) Nodulus (nodulae Arantii).
n) Aortic sinus (sinus of Valsalva).
o) Interventricular septum.
p) Left ventricle.
q) Ascending aorta.

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:41 PM
The left heart chamber, opened anteriorly


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-6_static.jpg
a) Left atrioventricular orifice (s. ostium venosum s. mitral orifice).
b) Mitral valve, right (s. medial s. anterior) cusp.
c) Mitral valve, left (s. posterior s. lateral) cusp.
d) Papillary muscle with chordae tendineae.
e) Trabecula carneae.
f) Interventricular septum.
g) Aorta (origin or root).
h) Ostium of aorta, posterior semilunar cusp.
i) Ostium of aorta, right semilunar cusp.
k) Ostium of aorta, left semilunar cusp.
l) Coronary artery, origin.
m) Aortic sinus.
n) Nodulus (nodulae Arantii

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:46 PM
as the valves of the two ventricles all of which are cCross section through the vestibule, the aorta and pulmonary artery are seen from above as well losed



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-7_static.jpg

a) Atrial septum.
b) Wall of the left vestibule.
c) Wall of the right vestibule.
d) Tricuspid valve, right atrioventricular ostium.
e) Mitral valve, left atrioventricular ostium.
f) Semilunar cusp of the right (arterial) ostium (s. pulmonale).
g) Semilunar cusp of the left arterial ostium (s. aorticum).
h) Left auricle.
i) Right auricle.

م .نبيل زبن
04-19-2012, 06:48 PM
Cross section through both ventricles horizontal to the longitudinal axis of the heart
(seen from the front).



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate16/images/16-8_static.jpg

right ventricle.
left ventricle.
interventricular septum.
left ventricular wall.
right ventricular wall.
visceral pericardium.
left coronary artery, descending ramus in anterior longitudinal sulcus.
right coronary artery, in posterior longitudinal sulcus.

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:22 PM
Blood vessels of the neck and head

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17/images/plate17.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:24 PM
The arteries of the face and the anterior surface of the neck


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17/images/17-1_static.jpg

a) Musculus frontalis.
b) m. Orbicularis palpebarum.
c) m. Corrigator supercilii.
d) m. Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi.
e) m. Levator labii superioris (proprius).
f) m. Zygomaticus minor.
g) m. Zygomaticus major.
h) m. Masseter.
i) m. Buccinator.
k) m. Orbicularis Oris.
l) m. Triangularis menti.
m) m. Quadratus menti.
n) m. Levator anguli oris.
o) m. Sternocleidomastoideus.
p) m. Sternohyoideus.
q) Thyroid gland.
r) Trachea.
s) Larynx.
t) m. Trapezius (s. cucullaris).
u) m. Omohyoideus.
v)..m. Scalebus anterior.
w) m. Scalenus medius.
x) Clavicle.

subclavian artery.
internal thoracic artery (s. internal mammary).
transverse scapular artery.
transverse colli artery.
ascending cervical artery.
inferior thyroid artery.
common carotid artery.
superior thyroid artery.
maxillary artery.
inferior labial artery.
superior labial artery.
angular artery.
posterior nasal artery.
alares nasi arteries.
ophthalmic artery (with palpebral arteries).
frontal artery.
supraorbital artery.
infraorbital artery.
deep temporal artery (from maxillary artery).
superficial temporal artery.
temporal artery, frontal branch

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:45 PM
Arteries and veins on the left side of the face and neck



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17/images/17-2_static.jpg

a) m. Platysma (s. latissimus colli).
b) m. Trapezius.
c) m. Deltoideus.
d) m. Sternocleidomastoideus.
e) m. Splenius capitis.
f) m. Splenius colli.
g) m Occipitalis.
h) m. Auricularis posterior.
i) m. Superior Auricularis.
k) m. Masseter.
l) m. Buccinator.
m) m. Zygomaticus major.
n) m. Zugomaticus minor.
o) m. Orbicularis oris.
p) m. Triangularis menti.
q) m. Quadratus menti.
r) m. Orbicularis palpebrum.
s) m. Frontalis.
t) m. Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi.
u) Mandible.
v) m. Digastric, posterior belly.
w) m. Mylohyoideus.
x) m. Sternohyoideus.
y) m. Omohyoideus.

external jugular vein.
occipital vein.
ramus communicans between external and internal jugular veins.
internal jugular vein.
anterior facial vein.
labial vein.
angular vein.
temporal vein.
ophthalmic vein.
frontal vein.
external carotid artery.
posterior auricular artery.
superficial temporal artery.
transverse facial artery.
Maxillary artery.
submental artery.
angular artery.
frontal artery.

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:48 PM
Arteries on the right side of neck

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17/images/17-3_static.jpg
a) Mandible.
b) Hyoid bone.
c) Clavicle.
d) Larynx.
e) Thyroid gland.
f) Trachea.
g) Acromion, scapulae.
h) Mastoid process.
i) Styloid process.
k) Atlas, transverse process.
l) m. Digastric, anterior belly.
m) m. Mylohyoideus.
n) m. hyoglossus.
o) m. Styloglossus.
p) m. Sternocleidmastoideus.
q) m. Levator anguli scapulae.
r) m. Scalenus anterior.
s) m. Scalenius medius.
t) m. Omohyoideus.
u) m. Sternohyoideus.
v) m. Thyrohyoideus.
w) Pharynx.
x) Esophagus.
y) m. Subclavius.
z) m. Pectoralis major.

right common carotid artery arising from innominate (brachiocephalic) artery.
common carotid artery bifurcation into external and internal carotid arteries.
external carotid artery.
internal carotid artery.
superior thyroid artery.
superior laryngeal artery.
lingual artery.
lingual artery, hyoid branch.
facial artery (s. external maxillary).
ascending palatine artery.
submental artery.
occipital artery with ascending and descending rami.
posterior auricular artery.
superficial temporal artery.
right subclavian artery.
thyreocervical trunk.
inferior thyroid artery.
ascending cervical artery.
transverse scapular artery.
transverse colli artery.
axillary artery.
external thoracic artery

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:49 PM
Arteries and veins of the right side of the neck

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17/images/17-4_static.jpg
a) Mandible.
b) Hyoid bone.
c) Clavicle.
d) Larynx.
e) Thyroid gland.
f) Trachea.
g) Acromion, scapulae.
h) Mastoid process.
i) Styloid process.
k) Atlas, transverse process.
l) m. Digastric, anterior belly.
m) m. Mylohyoideus.
n) m. hyoglossus.
o) m. Styloglossus.
p) m. Sternocleidmastoideus.
q) m. Levator anguli scapulae.
r) m. Scalenus anterior.
s) m. Scalenius medius.
t) m. Omohyoideus.
u) m. Sternohyoideus.
v) m. Thyrohyoideus.
w) Pharynx.
x) Esophagus.
y) First rib.
z) Manubrium sterni.

superior vena cava.
innominate vein (s. left common jugular vein).
right innominate vein ( right brachiocephalic vein).
right subclavian vein.
axillary vein.
external jugular vein.
internal jugular vein.
external cephalic vein.
internal cephalic vein.
middle jugular vein (s. subcutaneous colli or cervicle).
aortic arch.
innominate (brachiocephalic) artery.
right common carotid artery.
right subclavian artery.
axillary artery.
external carotid artery.
internal carotid artery.
superior thyroid artery.
lingual artery.
maxillary artery.
temporal artery.
posterior auricular artery.
occipital artery.
inferior thyroid artery.
transverse scapular artery.
transverse colli (cervicle) artery.
external thoracic artery

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:51 PM
Arteries of the head, neck and pelvis

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/plate17a.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:55 PM
Area of supply of the maxillary artery


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-1_static.jpg
a) Mandibular branch.
b) Zygomatic arch.
c) Maxillary tuberosity.
d) m. Masseter.
e) m. Temporalis.
f) m. Pterygoideus externus.
g) m. Pterygoideus internus.
h) m. Buccinator.
i) m.. Levator labii superiorus proprius.
k) m. Zygomaticus minor.
l) m. Zygomaticus major.
m) m. Levator labii superiorus alaeque nasi.
n) m. Levator anguli oris.
o) m. Compressor nasi.
p) m. Depressor anguli oris (s. triangularis menti).
q) m. Depressor labii inferiorus (s. quadratus menti).
r) m. Orbicularis oris.
s) m. Sphincter palpebrarum.
t) Parotid duct (s. ductus Stenonianus).
u) Superior sagittal sinus (opened).

facial artery.
muscular ramus to the buccinator muscle.
inferior labial artery.
superior labial artery.
angular artery.
superior palpebral artery.
infraorbital artery.
external carotid artery.
internal carotid artery.
ramus to masseter muscle.
posterior auricular artery.
deep auricular artery.
superficial temporal artery.
maxillary artery.
middle meningeal artery.
deep temporal arteries (anterior and posterior).
inferior alveolar artery.
ramus buccinatorius.
superior alveolar (posterior) artery.
infraorbital artery.
sphenopalatine.
pterygopalatine.

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 03:58 PM
Vertebral artery and deep neck muscles



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-2_static.jpg
a) First rib.
b) m. Sternocleidomastoideus.
c) m. Scalenus anterior.
d) m. Scalenus medius.
e) m. Longus colli.
f) m. Semispinalis cervicis.
g) m. Inferior capitis oblique.
h) m. Rectus capitis posterior major.
i) m. Superior capitis oblique.
k) m. Atlas, transverse process.
l) m. Transverse processes of 6 cervical vertebrae.

innominate artery.
right common carotid artery.
right subclavian artery.
internal thoracic artery (s. internal mammary).
thyreocervical artery.
inferior thyroid artery.
common stem for transverse scapular, superficial cervical and ascending cervical arteries.
vertebral artery.
costocervical trunk.
supreme intercostal artery.
deep cervical artery.
transverse colli artery.
occipital artery

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 04:00 PM
Right upper part of the thorax seen from the inner surface. Course of the internal thoracic and supreme intercostals arteries

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-3_static.jpg

a) Sixth cervical vertebrae.
b) First thoracic vertebra.
c) Fourth thoracic vertebra.
d) First rib.
e) Third rib.
f) Clavicle.
g) Sternum.
h) m. Internal intercostals.

subclavian artery.
vertebral artery passing through 6 cervical vertebra.
costocervical trunk.
deep cervical artery.
supreme intercostal artery.
dorsal rami of 1st and 2nd intercostal arteries.
first intercostal artery (divided into superior and inferior branches).
second intercostals artery.
superior and inferior branches (of second intercostals artery).
third intercostal artery.
fourth intercostal artery from the aorta.
dorsal rami of 3rd and 4th intercostals arteries.
internal thoracic artery.
branch of internal thoracic artery passing over the clavicle in a forward path.
sternal rami.
anterior intercostal arteries communicating with posterior intercostal arteries

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 04:01 PM
Ophthalmic artery and its superficial branches


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-4_static.jpg
a) Optic nerve.
b) m. Levator palpebrae superioris.
c) m. Lateral rectus.
d) m. Orbicularis palpebrarum.
e) m. Superior oblique.
f) Trochlea (for tendon of m. superior oblique).
g) m. Superior oblique, tendon.
h) Ocular bulb.
i) Lacrimal gland.

internal carotid artery.
ophthalmic artery.
lacrimal artery.
ramus to m. lateral rectus.
palpebral ramus (communicating with superior palpebral artery).
ramus to m. superior oblique.
ramus to m. levator palpebrae superioris.
posterior ethmoidal artery.
anterior ethmoidal artery.
supraorbital artery.
dorsalis nasi artery.
frontal artery.
palpebral superioris muscle

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 04:03 PM
Ophthalmic artery with its deep branches


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-5_static.jpg
a) Optic nerve.
b) m. Superior rectus, divided with both parts showing).
c) m. Lateral rectus.
d) Cornea.
e) m. Superior oblique.
f) Trochlea (for tendon of superior oblique muscle).
g) Tendon of superior oblique.
h) Ocular bulb.
i) m. Inferior rectus.

internal carotid artery.
ophthalmic artery.
lacrimal artery (divided).
central retinal artery.
branch to superior rectus (cut).
branch to superior rectus.
posterior ciliary arteries.
posterior ethmoidal artery.
branch to m. superior oblique and anterior ethmoidal artery.
supraorbital artery.
continuation of the ophthalmic artery (divided

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 04:04 PM
True pelvis showing the course of the external iliac artery and the relationship between the vas deferens and the inferior epigastric artery

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-6_static.jpg
a) Vertebral disk between the 3rd and 4th lumbar vertebrae.
b) Iliac crest.
c) True pelvis, anterior rim.
d) m. Psoas (divided).
e) m. Internal iliac.
f) Rectum.
g) Urinary bladder.
h) Vas deferens.
i) Lacunar ligament (Gimbernati ligament).
k) Superior opening of femoral canal.
l) Multiple continuations of iliac fascia, which covers the blood vessels entering the thigh.
m) Deep inguinal ring (s. internal inguinal anulus).
n) m. External abdominal oblique (cut across).
o) m. Internal abdominal oblique (cut across).
p) m. Transversus abdominis (cut across).
q) Transversalis fascia.
r) Sheath of m. Rectus abdominis.
s) m. Rectus abdominis.
t) Linea alba.
u) Arcuate line (at the end of the sheath of the rectus abdominis muscle, s. semicircular line of Douglass).
v) m. Rectus abdominis (the part that is not covered by fascia at its distal end).
w) Adminiaculum linea albae.
x) Genitofemoral nerve.
y) Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve.
z) Femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve.

abdominal aorta.
left common iliac artery.
right common iliac artery.
middle sacral artery.
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastric artery).
external iliac artery.
circumflex iliac artery.
inferior epigastric artery (crossing the vas deferens).
pubic anastomotic branch of inferior epigastric artery.
Testicular artery forming the pampiniform plexus

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 04:05 PM
Pelvic arteries in males. The rectum and bladder are pulled aside


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-7_static.jpg
a) Four lumbar vertebrae.
b) Promontorium, pelvic.
c) Os coccyx.
d) Internal arcuate line (boundary between greater and true pelvis).
e) Urinary bladder.
f) Vas deferens.
g) Seminal vesicle.
h) Right ureter.
i) Internal inguinal anulus.
k) m. Rectus abdominis.
l) Arcuate line of the sheath of m. rectus abdominis (s. linea semicirculais Douglasii). The lower half of m. rectus abdominis which is only covered by peritoneum.
m) Fascia transversa. The abdominal muscles are seen in overview.
n) Iliac fascia, the internal iliac and psoas major muscles are seen in overview.
o) Obturator canal, through which the obturator nerve, artery and vein pass.
p) Pelvic fascia, through which the m. obturator internus can be seen.
q) Arcus tendineus of pelvic fascia.
r) Pelvic fascia, with overview of levator ani and coccygeus muscles are seen.
s) m. piriformis.
t) Sacral plexus (s. sciatic).
u) Rectum.
v) Lacunar ligament (s. ligamentum Gimbernati).

right common iliac vein.
external iliac artery.
external iliac vein.
inferior epigastric artery, escorted by two veins.
testicular artery, from the aorta.
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastrica).
internal iliac vein.
superior gluteal artery.
superior vesical artery, in two branches.
umbilical artery, following obliteration it is known as the lateral umbilical ligament. It is divided.
obturator artery.
inferior vesical artery.
middle rectal artery.
inferior rectal artery (from inferior mesenteric artery).
internal pudendal artery (s. common pudendal).
inferior gluteal artery.
lateral sacral arteries (superior and inferior branches

م .نبيل زبن
04-20-2012, 04:07 PM
Pelvic arteries in women. The bladder, uterus, and rectum are drawn outwards

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate17a/images/17a-8_static.jpg
a) Fifth lumbar artery.
b) Promontorium, pelvic.
c) Os coccyx.
d) Internal arcuate line.
e) Bladder.
f) Round ligament of uterus.
g) Uterus.
h) Uterine tube (s. Fallopian tube).
i) Abdominal opening of uterine tube with fimbria.
k) Ovary.
l) Rectum.
m) m. Coccygeus.
n) m. Obturator internus.
o) Symphysis pubis.
p) m. Piriformis.
q) Sacral plexus (s. sciatic plexus).
r) m. Psoas major.
s) m. Internal iliac.
t) m. Transverses abdominis.

abdominal aorta.
inferior mesenteric artery.
third lumbar artery.
common iliac artery, left.
common iliac artery, right.
middle sacral artery.
external iliac artery.
circumflex iliac artery.
inferior epigastric artery.
pubic anastomotic ramus.
internal iliac artery.
iliolumbar artery.
obturator artery.
umbilical artery (obliterated).
superior vesical artery.
superior gluteal artery.
lateral sacral artery, superior and inferior rami.
uterine artery.
internal pudendal artery.
middle rectal artery.
inferior gluteal artery (s. ischiatic artery

ابن الكرامة
04-21-2012, 04:20 PM
يعطيك الف عافية مهندسنا لما تقدمه من فائدة لزوار و ابناء المنتدى
عسى ان يكون في ميزان حسناتك
http://n4hr.com/up/uploads/9ddb5191b1.gif

م .نبيل زبن
04-27-2012, 11:52 PM
يعطيك الف عافية مهندسنا لما تقدمه من فائدة لزوار و ابناء المنتدى
عسى ان يكون في ميزان حسناتك
http://n4hr.com/up/uploads/9ddb5191b1.gif


الف شكر اخي ابن الكرامة لمرورك الطيب

م .نبيل زبن
04-27-2012, 11:53 PM
Arteries of the upper limb, torso and the vessels of the proximal thigh
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate18/images/plate18.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-27-2012, 11:55 PM
The arteries of the torso, axilla and upper thigh

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate18/images/18-1_static.jpg
a) Clavicle.
b) First rib.
c) Second to tenth ribs.
d) Sternum (s. manubrium).
e) Xiphoid process of sternum.
f) m. Deltoideus.
g) m. Pectoralis major, humeral insertion.
g’) m. Pectoralis major, clavicular origin.
g’’) m. Pectoralis major, sternal origin.
h) m. Biceps brachii.
i) m. Coracobrachialis (on the right side the upper part of the muscle is divided, to see the course of musculocutaneous nerve) (s. nervus perforans Casseri).
k) m. Pectoralis minor (right, only its insertion on the scapula is seen).
l) m. Subscapularis.
m) m. Latissimus dorsi.
n) m. Scalenus anterior.
o) m. Serratus anterior major (right, only the cut surface is seen).
p) mm. internal intercostales .
p’) m. First external intercostal.
q) m. Triangularis sterni.
r) m. Sternohyoideus.
s) m. Sternocleidomastoideus, sternal insertion.
s’) m. Sternocleidomastoideus, clavicular insertion.
t) m. Omohyoideus.
u) m. Trapezius.
v) m. Subclavius.
w) Costal pleural.
x) m. External abdominal oblique (both sides are cut).
y) m. Internal abdominal oblique (right side cut and left side is seen in situ).
z) m. Transversus abdominis.
a) m. Rectus abdominis.
b) Anterior part of the vagina (sheath) of rectus abdominis (cut).
g) Umbilicus.
d) Linea alba.
e) m. Internal oblique (cut at the fleshy end of the muscle).
z) Anterior part of the vagina of rectus abdominis (cut).
h) Posterior part of the vagina of rectus abdominis (also arcuate line s. linea semicircularis Douglasii).
k) Fascia transversa abdominis.
l) Inguinal ligament (Poupart’s ligament).
m) Abdominal annulus of the inguinal canal.
n) Spermatic cord (its middle is transversly divided).
p) Suspensory ligament of the penis.
r) Femoral fascia lata.
s) Falciform process of fascia lata (the outer end of the fossa ovalis is seen).
t) Floor of the fossa ovalis, formed by the deep layer of fascia lata, which passes over the iliac fascia.
y) m. Sartorius.
f) m. iliopsoas.
w) m. pectineus.

innominate artery.
right common carotid artery.
right subclavian artery.
thyreocervical trunk, from which the inferior thyroid, transverse scapular, superficial cervical and ascending cervical arise.
internal thoracic artery.
axillary artery.
beginning part of thoracoacromial artery.
long thoracic artery.
posterior circumflex humeral artery.
subscapular artery.
circumflex scapular artery.
thoracodorsal artery from the subscapular artery.
anterior intercostal arteries (arise from the internal thoracic artery), which communicate with the posterior intercostal arteries.
superior epigastric artery (arises from the internal thoracic [s. internal mammary artery], anastomoses with the inferior epigastric artery.
perforant rami of internal thoracic artery.
thoracoacromial artery (s. thoracica secunda).
supreme (superior) thoracic artery (s. thoracica prima).
pectoral muscle branch of thoracoacromial artery.
thoracoacromial artery, acromial branch.
thoracoacromial artery, deltoid branch.
muscular rami of epigastric arteries.
inferior epigastric artery (arises from the femoral artery).
circumflex iliac artery (abdominal branch of the same).
femoral artery (s. arteria cruralis).
superficial epigastric artery (divided).
testicular artery (surrounded by the pampiniform plexus).
point of union of the right and left innominate veins with the superior vena cava.
right innominate vein.
internal jugular vein.
subclavian vein.
axillary vein.
cephalic vein.
femoral vein.
great saphenous vein.
dorsalis penis vein.
brachial plexus.
median nerve (with its two branches surrounded by the axillary artery).
suprascapular nerve.
musculocutaneous nerve (s. nervus perforans Casseri).
axillary nerve.
medial cutaneous nerve of the arm.
ulnar nerve.
radial nerve.
infraclavicular part of the brachial plexus

م .نبيل زبن
04-27-2012, 11:56 PM
Overview of the arteries of the flexor side of the arm, forearm and hand


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate18/images/18-2_static.jpg
a) m. Deltoideus.
b) m. Pectoralis major.
c) m. Latissimus dorsi.
d) m. Biceps brachii.
e) The antibrachial fascia is joined by the bicipital aponeurosis of the tendon of m. biceps brachii.
f) m. Coracobrachialis.
g) m. Triceps brachii, long head.
h) m. Triceps brachii, medial head.
i) m. Brachialis.
k) Medial intermuscular septum.
l) Medial brachial condyle.
m) m. Brachioradialis.
n) m. Pronator teres.
o) m. Flexor carpi radialis.
p) m. Palmaris longus.
q) m. Flexor carpi ulnaris.
r) m. Extensor carpi radialis longus.
s) m. Flexor pollicis longus.
t) m. Flexor digitorum superficialis (s. flexor digitorum communis sublimis).
t*) m. Flexor digitorum profundus (s. flexor digitorum communis profundus).
u) m. Abductor pollicis longus.
v) m. Extensor pollicis brevis.
w) Flexor retinaculum.
x) Thenar mm. abductor and flexor pollicis brevis.
y) Tendon of m. flexor pollicis longus.
z) m. Adductor pollicis.
a)Tendons of flexor digitorum superficialis.
b) m. Palmaris brevis.
g) Hypothenar muscles, abductor and flexor digiti minimi brevis.
d)mm. Lumbricales.
e) Ligamenta cruciata, vaginalia and oblique of the tendon sheaths.
z)Tendon of digiti minimi, from m. flexor digitorum superficialis communis (s. flexor digitorum communis perforatus).
h) Tendon of digiti minimi, from m. flexor digitorum communis profundus (s. m. flexor digitorum communis perforans).

brachial artery.
muscular rami to coracobrachialis and biceps brachii.
muscular rami to triceps brachii.
profunda brachii artery.
ulnar collateral artery.
ulnar artery.
radial artery.
radial recurrent artery.
dorsal ramus of radial artery.
volar ramus of radial artery, to the superficial arch.
muscular ramus of the dorsal branch of the radial artery toto the muscles of the ball of the thumb.
radial volar artery of the thumb, from the princeps pollicis artery.
ulnar volar artery of the thumb, from the princeps pollicis artery.
radial volar indicis artery, from the princeps pollicis artery.
ramus of the volar ulnar artery.
superficial palmar arch (s. arcus sublimis).
common digital volar arteries.
volar ulnar artery.
dorsal radial artery.
deep branch of the volar artery, to the deep palmar arch

م .نبيل زبن
04-27-2012, 11:58 PM
The deep arteries of the flexor surface of the arm and hand

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate18/images/18-3_static.jpg
a) m. Coracobrachialis.
b) m. Latissimus dorsi.
c) m. Long head of triceps brachii.
d) m. Short head of triceps brachii.
e) m. Brachialis.
f) m. Supinator (s. supinator brevis).
g) Medial intermuscular septum.
h) Medial humeral condyle.
i) Divided tendon of m. biceps.
k) m. Extensor carpi radialis longus.
l) m. Extensor carpi radialis brevis.
m) Divided tendon of brachioradalis (s. supinator longus).
n) Radial insertion of m. pronator teres.
o) mm. Flexor carpi radialis (s. radialis internus) and palmaris longus.
p) Antibrachial interosseous ligament.
q) m. flexor pollicis longus (divided).
r) Finger flexor (cut).
s) m. Pronator quadratus.
t) Divided tendon of m. flexor carpi ulnaris.
u) Volar carpal ligament (s. transverse carpal ligament) [cut in middle].
v) m. Abductor digiti minimi.
w) m. Oppenens digiti minimi.
x) mm. Interossei.

brachial artery.
profunda brachii artery.
ulnar collateral artery.
point of division of the brachial artery into radial and ulnar arteries.
radial recurrent artery.
radial artery.
ulnar artery.
branch to the cubital articular rete.
ulnar recurrent artery.
medial interosseous arteries.
continuation of the ulnar artery.
dorsal ramus of the radial artery.
volar ramus of the radial artery.
dorsal ramus of the ulnar artery.
divided end of the volar ramus of the ulnar artery, from which the superficial palmar arch is formed.
superficial palmar arch.
deep ramus of the palmar branches of the ulnar artery.
princeps pollicis artery.
volar radial indicis artery.
volar digital arteries communis.
volar interosseous arteries

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04-27-2012, 11:59 PM
Arteries of the dorsal surface of the arm, forearm and hand


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate18/images/18-4_static.jpg
a) m. Deltoideus.
b) Triceps brachii, long head.
c) Triceps brachii, lateral head.
d) Olecranon.
e) Ulna.
f) m. Biceps brachii.
g) m. Brachialis.
h) m. Brachioradialis.
i) m. Extensor carpi radialis longus.
k) m. Extensor carpi radialis brevis.
l) m. Extensor digitorum communis.
m) Lateral humeral condyle.
n) m. Anconeus.
o) m. Extensor carpi ulnaris.
p) m. Flexor carpi ulnaris.
q) m. Abductor pollicis longus.
r) m. Extensor pollicis brevis.
s) m. Extensor pollicis longus.
t) Dorsal carpal ligament.
u) The association of extensor tendons of the finger.
v) m. First lateral interosseous.

muscular rami of the profunda brachii artery.
profunda brachii artery.
branches of the radial recurrent artery.
interosseous recurrent artery.
cubital articular rete.
branches of the lateral interosseous arteries.
branches of the medial interosseous arteries.
inferior lateral interosseous artery (last branch of the medial interosseous artery).
ramus of dorsal radial artery.
ramus of dorsal ulnar artery.
dorsal carpal ramus to the dorsal carpal rete.
dorsal ulnar artery of the thumb.
dorsal radial artery of the index finger.
volar ulnar artery of the thumb.
dorsal ulnar artery of the digiti V. (quinti).
interosseous artery of metacarpals III and I.
dorsal radial artery of digiti V.
dorsal ulnar artery of digiti IV

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04-28-2012, 12:01 AM
Blood vessels of the neck, thorax, and abdomen and arm forearm and hand

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate19/images/plate19.jpg

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04-28-2012, 12:02 AM
The pericardium surrounds the heart which is located between both lungs, and the great vessels are also seen from the bodies ventral side


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate19/images/19-1_static.jpg
a) Larynx.
b) Trachea.
c) Lung, superior lobe.
d) Lung, inferior lobe.
e) Lung, middle lobe.
f) Diaphragm.
g) Xiphoid process, sternum.
h) Pleura, anterior mediastinum.
i) Pleura, diaphragmatic part.
k) Pericardium.

superior vena cava.
innominate vein, left (s. common jugular).
right innominate vein.
subclavian vein.
internal jugular vein.
aortic arch.
innominate (brachiocephalic) artery.
common carotid artery.
subclavian artery.
pericardiacophrenic artery and vein (from the internal thoracic artery [s. internal mammary artery

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04-28-2012, 12:05 AM
The heart and lungs seen from behind, along with the airway, blood vessels and nerves


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate19/images/19-2_static.jpg
a) Larynx.
b) Trachea.
c) Bronchus, right.
d) Bronchus, left.
e) Lung, superior lobe.
f) Lung, inferior lobe.
g) Lung, middle lobe.
h) Right atrium with the ostium of inferior vena cava.
i) Left ostium.
k) Right ventricle.
l) Left ventricle.

pulmonary vein (s. arteriosae), with arterial [oxygenated] blood.
great cardiac vein.
right coronary artery.
pulmonary artery.
aortic arch.
innominate artery.
subclavian artery.
common carotid artery.
internal jugular vein.
superior vena cava.
vagus nerve (s. pneumogastric nerve).
recurrent laryngeal nerve (inferior laryngeal nerve).
recurrent nerve, tracheal rami.
recurrent nerve, cardiac rami.
superior laryngeal nerve.
sympathetic nerve, cardiac rami.
cardiac plexus.

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04-28-2012, 12:07 AM
Branches of the maxillary and facial arteries, seen from the left side of the head


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate19/images/19-3_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone.
b) Greater wing of the sphenoid bone (s. superficial temporal bone).
c) Maxillary bone.
d) Medial wall of the orbit (lamina papyracea and os lacrymale).
e) Zygomatic bone.
f) Mandibular ramus.
g) Mandibular body.
h) m. External pterygoid.
i) m. Internal pterygoid.
k) m. Masseter.
l) m. Orbicularis oris.
m) m. Buccinator.

left common carotid.
internal jugular vein.
external jugular vein.
common facial vein (s. cephalica externa).
facial vein.
retromandibular vein.
occipital artery and vein.
posterior auricular vein.
superficial temporal artery.
maxillary artery.
deep temporal artery.
inferior alveolar artery and vein.
posterior dental artery.
facial artery (s. maxillaris externa).
inferior labial artery (s. coronaria labii inferioris).
superior labial artery (s.coronaria labii superioris).
dorsal nasal artery.
angular artery.
ophthalmic artery and superior ophthalmic vein.
frontal artery and vein.

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04-28-2012, 12:15 AM
An overview of the blood vessels of the neck, thorax, abdomen and of the arm, forearm and hand

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate19/images/19-4_static.jpg
a) Mandible.
b) Hyoid bone.
c) Larynx.
d) Thyroid gland.
e) Trachea.
f) Esophagus.
g) Clavicle.
h) Costa I (first rib).
i) Pulmo (lung).
k) Cor (heart).
l) Pericardium.
m) Right atrium (with the right heart auricle).
n) Left auricle of the heart.
o) Right ventricle.
p) Left ventricle.
q) Diaphragm.
r) Esophagus (passing through the esophageal foramen of the diaphragm).
s) Ren (kidney).
t) Suprarenal gland.
u) Ureter.
v) Urinary bladder.
w) Rectum.
x) Peritoneum.
y) m. Quadratus lumborum.
z) m. Psoas.
a) m. Transversus abdominis.
b) m. Internal iliac.
g) Spermatic cord.
d) m. Sartorius.
e) Inguinal ligament (ligamentum Poupartii).
z) m. Pectoralis major.
h) m. Trapezius (m. cucullaris).
q) m. Scalenus anterior.
i) m. Deltoideus.
c) m. Biceps brachii.
l) m. Brachialis.
m) m. Triceps brachii.
n) m. Brachioradialis.
x) m. Flexor carpi ulnaris.
p) m. Flexor pollicis longus.
f) m. Flexor digitorum profundus (flexor digitorum communis profundus).
s) m. Pronator quadratus.

superior vena cava.
ascending aorta.
pulmonary artery.
aortic arch.
innominate artery.
right common carotid artery.
right subclavian artery.
left common carotid artery.
left subclavian artery.
left innominate vein.
right innominate vein.
internal jugular vein.
external jugular vein.
subclavian vein.
superior thyroid vein.
superficial vein of the neck.
superior thyroid vein.
cephalic vein (cephalica anterior [s. externa]).
internal jugular (cephalica posterior [s. interna]).
maxillary artery.
facial vein.
pulmonary artery (s. pulmonary venosae).
pulmonary vein (s. pulmonary arteriosae).
anterior ramus (s. descending ramus) of the left coronary artery and vein.
right coronary artery and vein.
abdominal aorta.
inferior phrenic artery.
celiac artery (tripus Halleri: left gastric, splenic and hepatic arteries).
superior mesenteric artery (s. mesaraica superior).
testicular artery (spermatica internae).
inferior mesenteric artery (s. mesaraica inferior).
superior hemorrhoidal artery.
renal artery and vein.
common iliac vein.
internal iliac artery (hypogastric artery).
external iliac artery (cruralis artery).
circumflex iliac artery.
iliolumbar artery and vein.
inferior vena cava.
hepatic vein.
renal vein.
testicular vein.
common iliac vein.
internal iliac vein. (s. hypogastric vein).
external iliac vein (cruralis vein).
middle sacral artery and vein.
lateral femoral cutaneous nerve of the thigh.
iliohypogastric nerve.
axillary artery.
axillary vein.
cephalic vein.
basilic vein.
median cubital vein.
brachial artery.
division of the brachial artery into radial and ulnar arteries.
radial artery.
ulnar artery.
common interosseous artery.
anterior interosseous artery.
radial recurrent artery.
ulnar recurrent artery.
superficial palmar arch.
radial artery, volar (palmar) ramus

م .نبيل زبن
04-28-2012, 12:23 AM
The vertebral column seen on the right side, with the azygos vein, aorta, and the vena cava


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate19/images/19-5_static.jpg
a) First rib (s. costa I).
b) Last rib (s. costa XII).
c) First lumbar vertebra.
d) Superior vena cava.
e) Inferior vena cava.
f) Thoracic aorta.
g) Aortic arch.

azygos vein.
junction of azygos vein with superior vena cava.
lumbar arteries and veins.
intercostals arteries and veins

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04-28-2012, 12:24 AM
The great blood vessels alongside the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae (aorta, inferior vena cava, superior vena cava, azygos vein and the hemiazygos vein, seen from behind


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate19/images/19-6_static.jpg
a) First rib (s. costa I).
b) Sternum.
c) Costal cartilage.
d) Superior vena cava.
e) Inferior vena cava.
f) Ascending aorta.
g) Aortic arch (with the brachiocephalic, left common carotid and left subclavian arteries).
h) Thoracic (descending) aorta.
i) Abdominal (descending) aorta.

azygoa vein.
hemiazygos vein.
intercostals arteries and veins.
lumbar arteries and veins

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04-28-2012, 02:19 PM
Veins of the arm, forearm and hand, the perineum and pelvis
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/plate20.jpg

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04-28-2012, 02:21 PM
The deep arteries of the right shoulder


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-1_static.jpg
a) Clavicle.
b) Acromion, scapulae.
c) Scapular spine.
d) Supraspinous fossa with m. supraspinus.
e) Infraspinous fossa.
f) Inferior angle of scapula.
g) Os Brachii (humerus).
h) Greater tubercle of the humerus.
i) m. Levator anguli scapuli.
k) m. Rhomboideus minor.
l) m. Rhomboideus major.
m) m. Infraspinatus.
n) m. Teres minor.
o) m. Teres major.
p) m. Deltoideus.
q) m. Trapezius.
r) m. Serratus anterior major.
s) m. Latissimus dorsi.
t) m. Triceps brachii, long head (s. anconeus longus).

subclavian artery.
superficial cervical artery.
transverse colli artery.
dorsal scapular artery (s. descending ramus of transverse colli artery).
transverse scapular artery.
acromial artery.
transverse scapular artery, infraspinatus ramus.
circumflex scapular artery.
subscapular artery, ramus descendens (s. thoracodorsalis).
posterior humeral circumflex artery

م .نبيل زبن
04-30-2012, 01:56 PM
Arteries of the pelvis, thigh, leg and foot
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/plate21.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
04-30-2012, 01:57 PM
Arteries of the anterior surface of the thigh, leg, and the foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-1_static.jpg
a) Iliac crest.
b) Anterior iliac spine.
c) Greater trochanter.
d) Symphysis of the pubic bone.
e) Horizontal ramus of the pubic bone.
f) Patella.
g) Tibial tuberosity.
h) Tibial crest.
i) Medial malleolus.
k) Lateral malleolus.
l) m. Psoas.
m) m. Internal iliac.
n) m. Pectineus.
o) m. gluteus medius.
p) m. Rectus femoris.
q) Common extensor tendon.
r) m. Vastus lateralis.
s) m. Vastus medius.
t) m. Vastus intermedius (s. m. cruralis).
u) m. Adductor longus (s. primus).
v) m. Gracilis.
w) m. Adductor magnus (s. adductor tertius).
x) Ligamentum patellae.
y) m. Tibialis anterior.
z) m. Extensor hallucis longus.
a) m. Extensor digitorum communis longus.
b) m. Peroneus tertius.
g) m. Soleus.
d) m. Gastronemius.
e) m. Extensor hallucis brevis.
z) m. Extensor digitorum communis brevis.

right common iliac artery.
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastrica).
lateral sacral artery.
superior gluteal artery.
inferior gluteal artery (s. ischiaticus).
femoral artery (s. external iliac).
inferior epigastric artery.
circumflex iliac artery.
femoral artery (s. cruralis artery).
profunda femoris artery.
lateral femoral circumflex artery.
place where the femoral artery passes through the m. adductor magnus at the back of the knee.
tibialis anterior artery.
tibial recurrent artery.
dorsalis pedis artery (s. pediacea artery).
lateral malleolaris artery.
medial malleolaris artery.
lateral tarsal artery.
medial tarsal artery.
dorsal metatarsal interosseous arteries (splitting to form dorsal digital arteries

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04-30-2012, 01:59 PM
Arteries on the inner surface of the right thigh and pelvis

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-2_static.jpg
a) Fourth lumbar vertebrae.
b) Fifth lumbar vertebrae.
c) Spinal and sacral canal.
d) Sacral bone.
e) Os coccyx.
f) Internal arcuate line (s. innonimate arcuate line).
g) Symphysis pubis (descending ramus of pubic bone).
h) Iliac crest.
i) Anterior superior iliac spine.
k) Sacrospinous ligament.
l) Rectum.
m) m. Iliacus internus.
n) m. Psoas major.
o) m. piriformis (passes through the greater sciatic notch).
p) m. Obturator internus.
q) m. Levator ani.
r) m. Sartorius.
s) m. Vastus medialis.
t) m. Rectus femoris.
u) m. adductor magnus.
v) m. Semimembranosus.
w) m. Semitendinosus
x) Tendon of m. garcilis.
y) m. Gastrocnemius, medial head.
z) m. Soleus.

right common iliac artery.
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastric artery).
external iliac artery, femoral nerve (s. cruralis artery).
iliolumbar artery.
obturator artery (passes through the obturator foramen).
lateral sacral arteries (with spinal branches).
superior gluteal artery.
inferior gluteal artery (s. ischiatica artery).
common pudendal artery (s. internal pudendal artery).
middle rectal artery.
vesical artery.
circumflex iliac artery.
femoral artery (s. cruralis artery).
deep femoral artery
lateral circumflex femoral artery.
First perforating artery, branch of profunda femoris artery, which pierces adductor muscles.
Second perforating artery, branch of profunda femoris artery, which pierces adductor muscles.
Third perforating artery, branch of profunda femoris artery, which pierces adductor muscles.
Femoral artery in the canal between mm. adductor magnus and vastus medialis.
articularis genu superficialis artery. (s. articularis genu suprema).
popliteal artery.
medial articularis genu inferior artery

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04-30-2012, 02:00 PM
Arteries of the posterior surface of the pelvis and (right) thigh, leg and foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-3_static.jpg
a) Sacral bone.
b) Coccyx.
c) Iliac crest.
d) Ilium, above the greater sciatic notch.
e) Greater trochanter.
f) Ischial tuberosity.
g) Ischial bone, ascending ramus.
h) Ischial bone, descending ramus.
i) Sacrotuberous ligament.
k) Popliteal fossa.
l) Capitulum (head) of fibula.
m) Fibula.
n) Lateral malleolus.
o) Medial malleolus.
p) m. Gluteus media.
q) m. Piriformis.
r) m. Superior gemellus.
s) m. Obturator internus.
t) m. Inferior gemellus.
u) m. Quadratus femoris.
v) m. Adductor magnus.
w) Head of mm.biceps femoris and semitendinosus.
x) m. Semimembranosus.
y) Short head of m. biceps femoris.
z) m. Vastus lateralis.
a) m. Gracilis.
b) m. Popliteus.
g) Head of m. gastrocnemius.
d) m. Peroneus longus.
e) m. Peroneus brevis.
z) m. Flexor hallus longus.
h) m. Tibialis posterior.
q) m. Flexor digitorum pedis communis longus.
i) Achilles tendon (calcaneal tendon).
k) m. Soleus.

superior gluteal artery (s. posterior iliac).
inferior gluteal artery (s. ischiatic).
pudendal artery, communis inferior.
medial femoral circumflex artery, inferior ramus.
profunda femoris artery.
First perforating artery, from profunda femoris artery.
Second perforating artery, from profunda femoris artery.
Third perforating artery, from profunda femoris artery.
popliteal artery.
medial articularis genu superioris artery.
lateral articularis genu superioris artery.
medial articularis genu inferioris artery.
lateral articularis genu inferioris artery.
tibialis anterior artery.
fibular artery (s. peroneal artery).
tibialis anterior artery.
transverse malleolar artery (s. malleolaris posterior lateralis

م .نبيل زبن
04-30-2012, 02:01 PM
Arteries of the dorsum of the right foot



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-4_static.jpg
a) Talus (s. astragalus).
b) Calcaneus.
c) Tuberosity of the navicular bone.
d) Tuberosity of the Fifth metatarsal bone.

dorsalis pedis artery (s. pediaea artery) Arises from the tibialis anterior artery.
lateral tarsal artery.
medial tarsal artery.
metatarsal arteries from which the dorsal arch arises.
dorsal metatarsal interosseous arteries.
dorsal digital arteries of the foot.
first dorsal interosseous artery with the lateral and medial dorsal hallucis arteries.
departure of the deep plantar ramus

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04-30-2012, 02:02 PM
Superficial arteries of the sole of the foot (the right foot).


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-5_static.jpg
a) Calcaneus, tuberosity.
b) Tuberosity of metatarsal V.
c) Head of metatarsal I.
d) m. Flexor digitorum pedis communis brevis (s. perforatus).
e) m. abductor hallucis.
f) m. Flexor hallucis brevis.
g) m. Flexor hallucis longus.
h) m. Flexor digitorum pedis communis longus.
i) m. Quadratus plantae (s. caro quadrata Sylvii).
k) m. abductor digiti V pedis.
l) m. flexor brevis digiti V pedis.
m) m. transversus pedis.

artery tibialis posterior.
artery lateral plantar.
branch of the medial plantar artery.
artery lateral plantar digiti V.
origin of the deep plantar arch.
artery plantaris medialis (from tibialis posterior artery).
plantar interosseous arteries from the division of the plantar digital arteries

م .نبيل زبن
04-30-2012, 02:03 PM
Deep arteries of the sole of the right foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-6_static.jpg
a) Calcaneal tuberosity.
b) m. Adductor hallucis.
c) mm. Plantar pedis interossei.
d) m. Flexor brevis digiti V (s. digiti quinti).

tibialis posterior artery.
lateral plantar artery.
medial plantar artery.
medial plantar artery of great toe.
penetration of deep plantar rami of dorsalis pedis artery.
deep plantar arch.
plantar interosseous arteries.
digital pedis plantar arteries.
lateral plantar digiti V artery

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04-30-2012, 02:04 PM
Lymph vessels and lymph nodes and the lymphatic system on the right and left sides of the body

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate22/images/plate22.jpg

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04-30-2012, 02:05 PM
Lymph vessels of the head, trunk and arm, forearm and hand


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate22/images/22-1_static.jpg
a) Larynx.
b) Trachea.
c) Iliac crest.
d) Pubic symphysis.
e) Anterior superior iliac spine.
f) Clavicle.
g) First rib (s. costa I).
h) m. Frontalis.
i) m. Orbicularis palpebrum.
k) m. Masseter.
l) mm. Zygomatici.
m) m. Orbicularis oris.
n) m. Quadratus menti.
o) m. Triangularis menti.
p) m. Diaphragm.
q) m. Quadratus lumborum.
r) m. Psoas major.
s) m. Iliacus internus.
t) m. Deltoideus.
u) m. Biceps brachii.
v) m. Pectineus.
w) m. Adductor longus.
x) m. Sartorius.
y) m. Rectus femoris.
z) m. Vastus medialis.

superior vena cava.
right innominate vein.
left innominate vein.
internal jugular vein.
external jugular vein.
subclavian vein.
subclavian artery.
common carotid artery.
maxillary artery.
anterior facial vein.
temporal artery and vein.
axillary artery.
brachial artery.
cephalic vein (brachial).
basilic vein.
median vein.
ulnar artery and vein.
radial artery and vein.
medial interossei arteries and veins.
descending aorta.
common iliac artery.
femoral artery.
inferior vena cava.
azygos vein.
great saphenous vein.
origin of thoracic duct (through the confluence of intestinal lymphatic trunks with the right and left lumbar trunks).
emptying of the thoracic duct into the angle between the left subclavian and internal jugular vein.
right lymphatic duct.
cervical lymphatic plexus (s. jugularis lymphatic plexus).
axillary lymphatic plexus.
brachial nodes.
superficial lymphatic system of the arm, forearm and hand.
deep lymphatic system of the arm, forearm and hand.
intercostal lymphatic plexus.
lumbar lymphatic plexus.
iliac lymphatic plexus.
superficial inguinal plexus.
deep inguinal plexus
saphenous plexus.

م .نبيل زبن
04-30-2012, 02:06 PM
Lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes in the axilla


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate22/images/22-2_static.jpg
a) Axillary artery.
b) Axillary vein.
c) Brachial artery and vein.
d) Internal jugular vein.
e) Common carotid artery.
f) External jugular vein.
g) Trachea.
h) m. Pectoralis major.
i) m. Latissimus dorsi.

thoracic duct.
superficial and
deep lymphatics of the arm, forearm and hand.
brachial nodes.
axillary nodes in the axillary lymphatic plexus.
thoracic lymphatic vessels.
jugular lymphatic vessels

م .نبيل زبن
04-30-2012, 02:07 PM
Lymph vessels and lymph nodes of the pelvic cavity


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate22/images/22-3_static.jpg
a) Abdominal aorta.
b) Inferior vena cava.
c) Common iliac artery.
d) Common iliac vein.
e) femoral artery.
f) femoral vein.
g) Internal iliac vein.
h) middle sacral artery and vein.
i) obturator artery and vein.
k) epigastric artery and vein.
l) common pudendal artery and vein.
m) circumflex iliac artery and vein.
n) m. Piriformis.
o) m. Obturator internus.

internal iliac nodes.
hypogastric plexus with hypogastric nodes (s. pelvinae posteriors

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 08:57 PM
Veins of the arm, forearm and hand, the perineum and pelvis

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/plate20.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 08:58 PM
The deep arteries of the right shoulder

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-1_static.jpg
a) Clavicle.
b) Acromion, scapulae.
c) Scapular spine.
d) Supraspinous fossa with m. supraspinus.
e) Infraspinous fossa.
f) Inferior angle of scapula.
g) Os Brachii (humerus).
h) Greater tubercle of the humerus.
i) m. Levator anguli scapuli.
k) m. Rhomboideus minor.
l) m. Rhomboideus major.
m) m. Infraspinatus.
n) m. Teres minor.
o) m. Teres major.
p) m. Deltoideus.
q) m. Trapezius.
r) m. Serratus anterior major.
s) m. Latissimus dorsi.
t) m. Triceps brachii, long head (s. anconeus longus).

subclavian artery.
superficial cervical artery.
transverse colli artery.
dorsal scapular artery (s. descending ramus of transverse colli artery).
transverse scapular artery.
acromial artery.
transverse scapular artery, infraspinatus ramus.
circumflex scapular artery.
subscapular artery, ramus descendens (s. thoracodorsalis).
posterior humeral circumflex artery

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:00 PM
Arteries of the deep dorsal surface in the right forearm and hand

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-2_static.jpg
a) Humerus (os brachii).
b) Lateral brachial condyle.
c) Olecranon of the ulna (with the tendon of m. triceps).
d) Ulna.
e) Radial capitulum (surrounded by the annular ligament).
f) Radius.
g) Radial styloid process.
h) Carpus.
i) Metacarpus.
k) Interosseous ligament.
l) m. Brachialis.
m) mm. Dorsal interosseous (s. externi interosseous).

profunda brachii artery (joins the posterior radial collateral artery).
interosseous recurrent artery.
perforating interosseous artery (s. externa s. dorsalis).
internal interosseous artery, perforating rami.
inferior perforating interosseous artery (terminal branch of the internal interosseous artery.
ulnar artery, dorsal ramus.
radial artery.
dorsal carpal rete (s. dorsal carpal arch).
dorsal radial artery of the thumb.
dorsal ulnar artery of the 5th digit (digiti quinti).
dorsal metacarpal interosseous artery.
dorsal digital arteries (to each finger a radial and an ulnar artery.
dorsal ulnar artery of the thumb.
dorsal radial artery of the index finger

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:02 PM
The blood vessels of the upper part of the thigh

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-3_static.jpg
a) Anterior superior iliac spine.
b) m. External abdominal oblique.
c) m. Internal abdominal oblique.
d) m. Transversis abdominis.
e) m. Rectus abdominis.
f) Deep inguinal annulus.
g) Spermatic cord.
h) m. Sartorius.
i) m. Internal iliac.
k) m. Psoas major.
l) m. Pectineus.
m) m. Adductor longus.
n) m. Rectus femoris.
o) m. Tensor fascia lata.
p) Penis with artery and vein dorsalis penis.
q) Inguinal canal.

femoral artery (s. curalis).
profunda femoris artery.
lateral femoral circumflex artery.
circumflex iliac artery and vein.
inferior epigastric artery and vein.
femoral vein (s. curalis).
profunda femoris vein.
great saphenous vein.
lateral femoral circumflex vein

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:04 PM
Arteries and muscles of the rectum and the female perineum

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-4_static.jpg
a) Ischial bone, tuberosity.
b) Ischial bone, ascending ramus.
c) Sacrotuberous ligament.
d) Clitoris.
e) Uretheral opening.
f) Ostium vaginae (s. introitus vaginae).
g) Anus (s. orificium intestini recti).
h) Sacrospinous ligament.
i) m. Bulbocavernosus (s. constrictor cunni s. constrictor vaginae).
k) Bundle of m. bulbocavernosus that covers the legs of the clitoris.
l) Junction of m. bulbocavernosus and sphincter ani.
m) m. Sphincter ani externus.
n) m. ischiocavernosus (consists of 2 bundles).
o) mm. Transverse perinaei.
p) m. Levator ani.
q) m. Gracilis.
r) m. Adductor magnus.
s) m. Gluteus maximus.

common pudendal artery (s internal pudendal artery).
splitting the pudendal artery into a vaginal (s. vulvaria) and a clitorial artery.
inferior rectal artery (s. haemorrhoidales externa).
transverse perinaei artery.
vaginal artery (s. vulvaria).
clitoridea artery.
dorsalis clitoral artery.
deep clitoral artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:06 PM
Blood vessels and muscles of the male perineum


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-5_static.jpg
a) Ischial bone, tuberosity.
b) Ischial bone, ascending ramus.
c) Sacrotuberous ligament.
d) Sacrospinous ligament.
e) Corpus cavernosus urethrae (s. bulbocavernous).
f) Corpus cavernosus penis.
g) Anus (s. orificium intestini recti).
h) Coccyx.
i) m. Bulbocavernosus.
k) m. Ischiocavernosus.
l) m. Transversus perinaei.
m) m. Sphincter ani externus.
n) mm. Levator ani and coccygeus (s. ischiococcygeus).
o) m. Adductor longus.
p) m. Gracilis.
q) m. Adductor magnus.
r) m. Glutaeus maximus.

common pudendal artery between sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments.
inferior rectal arteries.
transverse perinaei artery.
bulbouretheral artery.
deep penis artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:07 PM
Arteries of the pelvis and hypogastric region in males


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-6_static.jpg
a) Fifth lumbar vertebra.
b) Sacral bone.
c) Iliac crest.
d) m. Psoas major.
e) m. Iliacus internus.
f) m. Transverses abdominis.
g) m. Rectus abdominis.
h) Ureter.
i) Urinary bladder.
k) Rectum.
l) Vas deferens.

abdominal aorta.
inferior mesenteric artery.
middle rectal artery.
left colic artery.
middle sacral artery.
testicular artery.
common iliac artery.
external iliac artery (s. cruralis).
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastrica).
circumflex iliac artery.
inferior epigastric artery.
iliolumbar artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:08 PM
Arteries of the pelvis and reproductive organs in females

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate20/images/20-7_static.jpg

a) Sacral bone.
b) Iliac crest.
c) Anterior superior iliac spine.
d) m. Psoas major.
e) m. Internal iliac.
f) Rectum.
g) Uterus (drawn forward).
h) Broad ligament (s. ligamentum uteri latum).
i) Ovary, in the ovarium ligament.
k) Uterine tube (Fallopian tube).
l) Broad ligament (s. ligament uteri latum s. ala vespertilionis).

descendens abdominal aorta.
middle sacral artery.
gonadal artery artery.
common iliac artery.
femoral artery (s. cruralis).
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastric artery).
uterine artery.
middle rectal artery.
circumflex iliac artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:36 PM
Arteries of the pelvis, thigh, leg and foot



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/plate21.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:37 PM
Arteries of the anterior surface of the thigh, leg, and the foot



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-1_static.jpg
a) Iliac crest.
b) Anterior iliac spine.
c) Greater trochanter.
d) Symphysis of the pubic bone.
e) Horizontal ramus of the pubic bone.
f) Patella.
g) Tibial tuberosity.
h) Tibial crest.
i) Medial malleolus.
k) Lateral malleolus.
l) m. Psoas.
m) m. Internal iliac.
n) m. Pectineus.
o) m. gluteus medius.
p) m. Rectus femoris.
q) Common extensor tendon.
r) m. Vastus lateralis.
s) m. Vastus medius.
t) m. Vastus intermedius (s. m. cruralis).
u) m. Adductor longus (s. primus).
v) m. Gracilis.
w) m. Adductor magnus (s. adductor tertius).
x) Ligamentum patellae.
y) m. Tibialis anterior.
z) m. Extensor hallucis longus.
a) m. Extensor digitorum communis longus.
b) m. Peroneus tertius.
g) m. Soleus.
d) m. Gastronemius.
e) m. Extensor hallucis brevis.
z) m. Extensor digitorum communis brevis.

right common iliac artery.
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastrica).
lateral sacral artery.
superior gluteal artery.
inferior gluteal artery (s. ischiaticus).
femoral artery (s. external iliac).
inferior epigastric artery.
circumflex iliac artery.
femoral artery (s. cruralis artery).
profunda femoris artery.
lateral femoral circumflex artery.
place where the femoral artery passes through the m. adductor magnus at the back of the knee.
tibialis anterior artery.
tibial recurrent artery.
dorsalis pedis artery (s. pediacea artery).
lateral malleolaris artery.
medial malleolaris artery.
lateral tarsal artery.
medial tarsal artery.
dorsal metatarsal interosseous arteries (splitting to form dorsal digital arteries

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:43 PM
Arteries on the inner surface of the right thigh and pelvis

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-2_static.jpg
a) Fourth lumbar vertebrae.
b) Fifth lumbar vertebrae.
c) Spinal and sacral canal.
d) Sacral bone.
e) Os coccyx.
f) Internal arcuate line (s. innonimate arcuate line).
g) Symphysis pubis (descending ramus of pubic bone).
h) Iliac crest.
i) Anterior superior iliac spine.
k) Sacrospinous ligament.
l) Rectum.
m) m. Iliacus internus.
n) m. Psoas major.
o) m. piriformis (passes through the greater sciatic notch).
p) m. Obturator internus.
q) m. Levator ani.
r) m. Sartorius.
s) m. Vastus medialis.
t) m. Rectus femoris.
u) m. adductor magnus.
v) m. Semimembranosus.
w) m. Semitendinosus
x) Tendon of m. garcilis.
y) m. Gastrocnemius, medial head.
z) m. Soleus.

right common iliac artery.
internal iliac artery (s. hypogastric artery).
external iliac artery, femoral nerve (s. cruralis artery).
iliolumbar artery.
obturator artery (passes through the obturator foramen).
lateral sacral arteries (with spinal branches).
superior gluteal artery.
inferior gluteal artery (s. ischiatica artery).
common pudendal artery (s. internal pudendal artery).
middle rectal artery.
vesical artery.
circumflex iliac artery.
femoral artery (s. cruralis artery).
deep femoral artery
lateral circumflex femoral artery.
First perforating artery, branch of profunda femoris artery, which pierces adductor muscles.
Second perforating artery, branch of profunda femoris artery, which pierces adductor muscles.
Third perforating artery, branch of profunda femoris artery, which pierces adductor muscles.
Femoral artery in the canal between mm. adductor magnus and vastus medialis.
articularis genu superficialis artery. (s. articularis genu suprema).
popliteal artery.
medial articularis genu inferior artery

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:45 PM
Arteries of the posterior surface of the pelvis and (right) thigh, leg and foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-3_static.jpg
a) Sacral bone.
b) Coccyx.
c) Iliac crest.
d) Ilium, above the greater sciatic notch.
e) Greater trochanter.
f) Ischial tuberosity.
g) Ischial bone, ascending ramus.
h) Ischial bone, descending ramus.
i) Sacrotuberous ligament.
k) Popliteal fossa.
l) Capitulum (head) of fibula.
m) Fibula.
n) Lateral malleolus.
o) Medial malleolus.
p) m. Gluteus media.
q) m. Piriformis.
r) m. Superior gemellus.
s) m. Obturator internus.
t) m. Inferior gemellus.
u) m. Quadratus femoris.
v) m. Adductor magnus.
w) Head of mm.biceps femoris and semitendinosus.
x) m. Semimembranosus.
y) Short head of m. biceps femoris.
z) m. Vastus lateralis.
a) m. Gracilis.
b) m. Popliteus.
g) Head of m. gastrocnemius.
d) m. Peroneus longus.
e) m. Peroneus brevis.
z) m. Flexor hallus longus.
h) m. Tibialis posterior.
q) m. Flexor digitorum pedis communis longus.
i) Achilles tendon (calcaneal tendon).
k) m. Soleus.

superior gluteal artery (s. posterior iliac).
inferior gluteal artery (s. ischiatic).
pudendal artery, communis inferior.
medial femoral circumflex artery, inferior ramus.
profunda femoris artery.
First perforating artery, from profunda femoris artery.
Second perforating artery, from profunda femoris artery.
Third perforating artery, from profunda femoris artery.
popliteal artery.
medial articularis genu superioris artery.
lateral articularis genu superioris artery.
medial articularis genu inferioris artery.
lateral articularis genu inferioris artery.
tibialis anterior artery.
fibular artery (s. peroneal artery).
tibialis anterior artery.
transverse malleolar artery (s. malleolaris posterior lateralis

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:46 PM
Arteries of the dorsum of the right foot

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-4_static.jpg
a) Talus (s. astragalus).
b) Calcaneus.
c) Tuberosity of the navicular bone.
d) Tuberosity of the Fifth metatarsal bone.

dorsalis pedis artery (s. pediaea artery) Arises from the tibialis anterior artery.
lateral tarsal artery.
medial tarsal artery.
metatarsal arteries from which the dorsal arch arises.
dorsal metatarsal interosseous arteries.
dorsal digital arteries of the foot.
first dorsal interosseous artery with the lateral and medial dorsal hallucis arteries.
departure of the deep plantar ramus

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:47 PM
Superficial arteries of the sole of the foot (the right foot).


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-5_static.jpg
a) Calcaneus, tuberosity.
b) Tuberosity of metatarsal V.
c) Head of metatarsal I.
d) m. Flexor digitorum pedis communis brevis (s. perforatus).
e) m. abductor hallucis.
f) m. Flexor hallucis brevis.
g) m. Flexor hallucis longus.
h) m. Flexor digitorum pedis communis longus.
i) m. Quadratus plantae (s. caro quadrata Sylvii).
k) m. abductor digiti V pedis.
l) m. flexor brevis digiti V pedis.
m) m. transversus pedis.

artery tibialis posterior.
artery lateral plantar.
branch of the medial plantar artery.
artery lateral plantar digiti V.
origin of the deep plantar arch.
artery plantaris medialis (from tibialis posterior artery).
plantar interosseous arteries from the division of the plantar digital arteries

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:49 PM
Deep arteries of the sole of the right foot

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate21/images/21-6_static.jpg
a) Calcaneal tuberosity.
b) m. Adductor hallucis.
c) mm. Plantar pedis interossei.
d) m. Flexor brevis digiti V (s. digiti quinti).

tibialis posterior artery.
lateral plantar artery.
medial plantar artery.
medial plantar artery of great toe.
penetration of deep plantar rami of dorsalis pedis artery.
deep plantar arch.
plantar interosseous arteries.
digital pedis plantar arteries.
lateral plantar digiti V artery

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:50 PM
Brain and cerebellum

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/plate23.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:52 PM
Base of the brain and location of cranial nerves
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-1_static.jpg
I. Frontal bone.
II. Occipital bone.
III. Temporal bone.
IV. Falx cerebri.
V. Falx cerebelli.
VI. Superior saggital sinus. Superior longitudinal sinus.
VII. Superior saggital sinus. Occipital sinus.
A) Frontal lobe (brain in the anterior cranial fossa) [OBS].
B) Temporal lobe. Middle lobe (brain in the middle cranial fossa) [OBS].
C) Occipital lobe. Posterior cerebral lobe (brain in the posterior cranial fossa above the tentorium and over the cerebellum [OBS].
D) Cerebellum (two hemispheres).
E) Medulla oblongata.
a) Gyri.
b) Sulci (fold between the gryi).
c) Sylvian (lateral) fissure (lateralis cerebral fossa), Thalamus.
d) Pyramid of medulla oblongata.
e) Olive of medulla oblongata.
f) Basis pontis. Pons (Varioli).
g) Brachium pontis (middle cerebellar peduncle).
h) Cerebral peduncle.
i) Optic tract.
k) Optic chiasm.
l) Posterior perforate substance, middle perforate substance (s. fundus of fourth ventricle).
m) Mamillary body (s. candicantia).
n) Tuber cinereum.
o) Infundibulum.
p) Hypophysis (pituitary gland).
q) Lamina cribrosa (s. substantia perforata anterior).
r) Olfactory bulb (Root of the olfactory nerve).
s) Olfactory tract.
t) Parahippocampal gyrus.
u) Uncus.
v) Horizontal sulcus, sulcus horizontalis of Reilii.
w) Pyramid of vermis.
x) Quadrangular lobule (s. superior anterior lobule).
y) Superior semilunar lobule.
z) Inferior semilunar lobule.
a) Lobulus gracilis (s. lobulus tener).
b)Biventer lobule.
g) Tonsil (s. spiral lobulus).
d) Flocculus.

olfactory nerve.
optic nerve.
oculomotor nerve.
trochlear nerve.
trigeminal nerve (s. divisus). sensory division.
abducens nerve.
facial nerve (s. communicans faciei).
cochleovestibular nerve. statoacoustic nerve (s. auditoris).
glossopharyngeal nerve.
vagus nerve (s. pneumogastric).
spinal accessory nerve (s. accessories of Willis).
hypoglossal nerve

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:54 PM
Inner surface of the brain, seen from above, exposing both lateral ventricles and the third ventricle. The corpus callosum, septum pellucidum and fornix seen in front of 3. Ventricle of the foramen of Monro is cut across and passes posteriorly


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-2_static.jpg

A) Frontal lobe (s. anterior cerebral lobe) [OBS].
B) Temporal lobe (s. middle cerebral lobe) [OBS].
C) Occipital lobe (s. posterior cerebral lobe) [OBS].
D) Cerebellum.
E) Cortical grey matter. Substantia corticalis (s. substantia cinereium).
F) Centrum, semiovale, white matter core, Substantia alba (s. substantia medullaris).
I. Right lateral ventricle, cella lateralis.
II. Left lateral ventricle, cella lateralis.
III. Third ventricle.
IV. Anterior horn, lateral ventricle.
V. Posterior horn, lateral horn.
VI. Inferior horn, lateral ventricle.
a) Corpus callosum (truncus with raphe).
b) Genu of corpus callosum.
c) Hippocampal commissure, forical commissure, psalterium, Commissura fornix [on the inferior surface of the splenium of corpus callosum].
d) Septum pellucidum (with ventriculus septi pellucidum).
e) Fornix.
f) Anterior crus of the fornix.
g) Posterior crus of the fornix.
h) Pes hippocampi major (s. cornu ammonis) [with the fimbria fornix on the inner edge].
i) Calcar avis, Pes hippocampi minor .
k) Caudate nucleus.
l) Thalamus (optic thalamus).
m) Stria terminalis (stria cornea).
n) Massa intermedia.
o) Anterior commissure.
p) Posterior commissure.
q) Infundibular recess.
r) Cerebral acqueduct, acqueduct of Sylvius (cerebral anus).
s) Pineal gland.
t) Stalk of the pineal gland.
u) Corpora quadrigemina.
v) Choroid plexus

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:55 PM
Inferior surface of the cerebellum, after removal of the medulla oblongata

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-3_static.jpg
A) Pons (Varoli).
B) Brachium pontis (Middle cerebellar peduncle).
C) Cerebellar hemispheres.
D) Vermis of cerebellum
a) Cerebellar hemisphere, dorsal surface.
b) Cerebellar hemisphere, ventral surface.
c) Horizontal sulcus (s. magnus Reilii). Between the dorsal and ventral surfaces of cerebellar hemispheres.
d) Quadrangular lobule. (s. superior anterior).
e) Inferior semilunar lobule (s. inferior posterior).
f) Lobulus gracilis (s. tener) [Lobulus inferior anterior].
g) Biventer lobule (Lobulis ansiformis [Lobulus inferior anterior]).
h) Tonsil.
i) Flocculus.
k) Pyramid of vermis.
l) Nodulus (of Malacarne).

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:56 PM
Cerebellum and proximal end of the spinal cord, seen from below


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-4_static.jpg
A. Hemisphere of cerebellum.
B. Superior vermis of cerebellum.
C. Inferior vermis of cerebellum.
D. Spinal cord.
E. Great horizontal sulcus (s. Reilii).
a) Central lobule, monticulus cerebelli (central part of superior vermis).
b) Culmen, folium cacuminis.
c) Quadrangular lobule, [lobulus quadrangularis (s. superior anterior)].
d) Tonsil.
e) Biventer lobule, (Lobulus ansiformis).
f) Lobulus gracilis (s. tener).
g) Inferior semilunar lobule, (s. inferior posterior).
h) Pyramid of vermis.
i) Lateral funiculus (spinal cord).
k) Fasciculus cuneatus (spinal cord).
l) Fasciculus gracilis (spinal cord).
m) posterior (dorsal) roots of spinal nerves

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:58 PM
Pons and medulla oblongata

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-5_static.jpg
A. Pons Varoli.
B. Medulla oblongata.
a) Brachium pontis (middle cerebellar peduncle).
b) Restiform body (inferior cerebellar peduncle).
c) Inferior olive (olivary body).
d) Pyramid (s corpus pyramidale).
e) Decussation of pyramid (motor decussation).
f) Arcuate fibers.
g) Anterior (ventral) median fissure.

accessory nerve (CN XI).
vagus nerve (s. pneumogastric nerve)(CN X).
glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX) .
Cochleo-vestibular nerve (CN VII).
facial nerve.
facial nervus intermedius (s. portio minor facial nerve

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 09:59 PM
Pons (Varoli) and medulla oblongata with the internal fibers of each


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-6_static.jpg
A. Pons Varoli.
B. Medulla oblongata.
a) Brachium pontis (middle cerebellar peduncle).
b) Restiform body (s. crus cerebelli ad medullam oblongatam).
c) Inferior Olive.
d) Pyramid (s. corpus pyramidale).
e) Pyramidal decussation (motor decussation).
f) Transverse fibers.
g) arcuate fibers.
h) Anterior (ventral) median fissure

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 10:00 PM
Pons (with its transverse and longitudinal fibers), medulla oblongata and right hemisphere of the cerebellum

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-7_static.jpg
A. Pons Varoli.
B. Medulla oblongata.
C. Cerebellum.
a) Brachium pontis (middle cerebellar peduncle).
b) Restiform body (inferior cerebellar peduncle).
c) Inferior Olive.
d) Pyramid.
e) Decussation of pyramid (motor decussation).
f) Transverse pontine (pontoverebellar) fibers.
g) Longitudinal pyramidal fibers.
h) Arbor vitae of cerebellum

م .نبيل زبن
05-05-2012, 10:01 PM
The long fiber path of the medulla oblongata, which course from the cerebellum, corpora quadrigemina to the pons

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate23/images/23-8_static.jpg
A. Pons Varoli.
B. Medulla oblongata.
C. Cerebellum (left hemisphere).
a) Left pyramid (cut across).
b) Left olivary fascicle.
c) Inferior olivary, Nucleus.
d) Left restiform body (inferior cerebellar peduncle).
e) Inferior cerebellar peduncles.
f) Brachium conjunctivum (superior cerebellar peduncle).
g) Corpora quadrigemina.
h) Corpora mammillare (mamillary bodies).
i) Horizontal fibers of the right pyramid.
k) Lateral lemniscus.
l) Medial lemniscus.
m) Medial lemniscus.
n) Amiculum olivae.
o) Cerebral peduncles.
p) Fibers of cerebral peduncles

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:28 AM
Brain (with its arteries) and the spinal cord

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate24/images/plate24.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:30 AM
The inferior surface of the base of the brain (basis), with its arteries


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate24/images/24-1_static.jpg
A. Anterior cerebral frontal lobe [OBS].
B. Middle cerebral temporal lobe [OBS].
C. Posterior occipital lobe [OBS].
D. Cerebellum.
E. Medulla oblongata.
a) Sylvian fissure.
b) Longitudinal (interhemispheric) fissure of cerebrum.
c) Chiasm of the optic nerve.
d) Tuber cinereum.
e) Mammillary bodies (s. candicantia).
f) Opitc tract.
g) Pons (Varolii).
h) Middle cerebellar peduncle (Brachium Pontis).
i) Pyramid.
k) Inferior olivary body.

olfactory tract with olfactory bulb at the distal end.
optic nerve.
oculomotor nerve.
trochlear nerve.
trigeminal nerve.
abducens nerve.
facial nerve.
auditory (cochleovestibular) nerve.
glossopharyngeal nerve.
vagus nerve.
hypoglossal nerve.
vertebral artery.
basilar artery.
anterior spinal arteries.
posterior inferior cerebellar arteries.
anterior inferior cerebellar arteries.
superior cerebellar arteries.
Posterior cerebral artery.
Posterior communicating artery (between Posterior cerebral artery and internal carotid, forming the circle of Willis).
internal carotid artery (s. cerebralis).
artery of the Sylvian fossa (middle cereberal artery).
Anterior choroidal artery.
Pericallosal artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:31 AM
The opened ventricle of the brain, seen from above


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate24/images/24-2_static.jpg
A. Temporal lobe.
B. Cerebellum.
C. Medulla oblongata (superior surface).
D. Lateral ventricle.
E. Third ventricle.
F. Fourth ventricle.
a) caudate nucleus.
b) Thalamus (optic thalamus).
c) stria terminalis.
d) stalk of pineal gland.
e) pineal gland.
f) corpora quadrigemina.
g) access of the Sylvian aqueduct.
h) access of the infundibulum.
i) anterior commissure.
k) fornix.
l) superior cerebellar peduncle (Brachium Conjunctivum).
m) floor of the four ventricles (formed by the pons).
n) rhomboid sinus.
o) restiform body (Inferior cerebellar peduncle).
p) cerebellum, arbor vitae

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:33 AM
Sagittal section of brain, the surface of the medial half of the right side is seen


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate24/images/24-3_static.jpg
I. Frontal bone (with frontal sinus).
II. Crista galli (of ethmoidal bone).
III. Perpendicular lamina of the ethmoid bone.
IV. Body of the ethmoid bone.
V. Back of the sella turcica (posterior clinoid process).
VI. Sella turcica.
VII. Sphenoid sinus.
VIII. Basilar part of the occipital bone (with the fossa for medulla oblongata).
IX Occipital part of the occipital bone.
X. Vomer.
XI. Pharynx.
XII. Tentorium cerebelli (with confulence of sinuses and opened great cerebral vein of Galen).
A. Anterior (Frontal) cerebral lobe [OBS].
B. Middle (Parietal) cerebral lobe [OBS].
C. Posterior (Parietal) cerebral lobe[OBS].
E. Medulla oblongata.
a) gyri.
b) sulci (furrow between gyri).
c) corpus callosum (body).
d) genu of corpus callosum.
e) corpus callosum, splenium.
f) septum pellucidum.
g) fornix (body).
h) fornix column.
i) Foramen of Munro.
k) Thalamus (optic thalamus).
l) anterior commissure.
m)
n) posterior commissure.
o) pineal gland.
p) stalk of pineal gland (s. crus glandulae pinealis).
q) corpora quadrigemina.
r) pons Varoli.
s) aqueduct of Sylvius.
t) tuber cinereum.
u) infundibulum.
v) pituitary gland (s. hypophysis).
w) optic chiasm.
x) optic nerve.
y) fourth ventricle.
z) mamillary body (s. candiacans).
a) anterior cerebellar valvule.
b) anterior cerebral artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:34 AM
The spinal cord lying in its opened dura mater along with the medulla oblongata and the roots of the spinal nerves passing through the dura matter. Seen from the dorsal surface


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate24/images/24-4_static.jpg
A. Medulla oblongata.
B. Spinal cord, cervical portion.
C. Spinal cord, thorax portion.
D. Spinal cord, lumbar portion.
a) Fourth ventricle.
b) Cervical enlargement of spinal cord.
c) Lumbar enlargement of spinal cord.
d) Conus medullaris.
e) Filum terminale.
f) Posterior median fissure.
g) Denticulate ligament.
2 – 8. cervical nerves (8).
9 – 20. thoracic nerves (12).
21 – 25. lumbar nerves (5).
26 – 30. sacral nerves (5).
31. coccygeal nerve.
32. accessory nerve passes through jugular foramen.
33. vagus nerve passes through jugular foramen.
34. glossopharyngeal nerve passes through jugular foramen

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:36 AM
The length of spinal cord in the opened dura mater sac, with the roots of spinal nerves. Seen from the ventral surface


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate24/images/24-5_static.jpg
A. Pons Varoli.
B. Medulla oblongata.
C. Cervical portion of the spinal cord.
D. Thoracic portion of the spinal cord.
E. Lumbar portion of the spinal cord.
a) Middle Cerebellar Peduncle (Brachium pontis).
b) Pyramid.
c) Inferior Olive.
d) Anterior median fissure.
e) Cervical enlargement of spinal cord.
f) Lumbar enlargement of spinal cord.
g) Conus medullaris.
h) Filum terminale.
i) Denticulate ligaments.
k) Anterior root of spinal nerve.
l) Posterior root of spinal nerve.
m) Dorsal root ganglion.
n) Cauda equina.
1- 8) cervical nerves (8).
9 – 20) thoracic nerves (12).
21 – 25) lumbar nerves (5).
26 – 30) scaral nerves (5).
31) coccygeal nerve.

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:37 AM
Nerves of the head and neck


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate25/images/plate25.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:38 AM
The base of the skull showing the course of the cranial nerves. The orbit, and the petrous portion of the temporal bone are opened from above and the cranial nerves are seen


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate25/images/25-1_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone.
b) Frontal sinus.
c) Internal frontal spine.
d) Foramen caecum.
e) Crista galli.
f) Frontal bone, orbital portion.
g) Cellulae of the ethmoidal bone.
h) Body of the sphenoid bone.
i) Greater wing of the sphenoid bone.
k) Occipital bone, basilar portion.
l) Temporal bone, squamous portion.
m) Temporal bone, petrous portion.
n) Optic foramen.
o) Foramen rotundum.
p) Foramen ovale.
q) Foramen spinosum.
r) Superior orbital fissure.
s) Tympanic cavity.
t) Internal auditory meatus (broken open from above).
u) Malleus, hammer (s. capitulum).
v) Incus (s. ambos).
w) Cochlea.
x) Superior semicircular canal.
y) Ocular bulb.
z) Lacrimal gland.
a) m. Lateral rectus.
b) m. Levator palpebrae superioris.
g) m. Superior rectus.
d) m. Superior oblique.
d*) Trochlea for superior oblique.
e) m. Medial rectus.
z) m. Temporalis (medial surface).
h) m. Lateral pterygoid.
q) Hypophysis (pituitary gland).
i) Foramen magnum.
k) Jugular foramen.
l) Hypoglossal canal (s. Anterior condyloid foramen).
m) Occipital bone (fossae cerebelli).
n) Transverse sinus.

middle meningeal artery (branch of the maxillary artery).
internal carotid artery.
lacrymal artery.
artery, muscle branch.
supraorbital artery.
ethmoidal artery.
ophthalmic artery.
optic nerve (CN II).
oculomotor nerve (CN III).
trochlear nerve (CN IV).
trigeminal nerve (CN V).
semilunar ganglion (s. Gasserian or trigeminal ganglion).
mandibular nerve (s. maxillaris inferior) [branch of trigeminal nerve].
maxillary nerve (s. maxillaries superior) [branch of trigeminal nerve].
ophthalmic nerve, [branch of trigeminal nerve].
frontal branch, ophthalmic nerve.
lacrymal branch, ophthalmic nerve.
nasal branch, ophthalmic nerve.
ethmoidal branch, nasal nerve.
infratrochlear branch, nasal nerve.
supratrochlear branch, frontal nerve.
supraorbital branch, frontal nerve.
zygomatic branch, lacrymal nerve.
lacrymal branch, lacrymal nerve.
ciliary nerves (from the ciliary ganglion [s. ganglion opthalmicum]).
nerve to the m. buccinator.
deep temporal nerve.
nerve to the m. masseter.
superficial temporal nerve (s. auricularis anterior nerve).
maxillary artery.
nerves of the external auditory meatus.
chorda tympani (of facial nerve).
petrosus minor nerve [NA] (s. lesser superficial petrosal nerve).
petrosus major nerve [NA] (s. greater superficial petrosal nerve, nervus Vidianus, nervus petrosus superficialis major) [carried in the genu of the facial nerve].
abducens nerve (CN VI).
facial nerve (CN VII) inner half of the internal auditory meatus.
genu (facial nerve).
facial nerve in the Fallopian canal.
cochlear nerve (CN VIII).
vestibular nerve (CN VIII).
glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX).
vagus nerve (CN X).
spinal accessory nerve of Willis (CN XI).
hypoglossal nerve (CN XII).
vertebral artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:39 AM
Superior view of the nerves of the head and neck (left side).

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate25/images/25-2_static.jpg
a) Zygomatic bone (s. malare).
b) Zygomatic arch.
c) Mandible (maxilla inferior).
d) m. Frontalis.
e) m. Palpebrum orbicularis.
f) m. Zygomaticus major.
g) m. Zygomaticus minor.
h) m. Levator anguli oris.
i) m. Orbicularis oris.
k) m. Levator labii superioris.
l) m. Masseter.
m) m. Buccinator.
n) m. Depressor anguli oris (s. triangularis menti).
o) m. Depressor labii inferioris (s. quadratus menti).
p) m. Stylohyoideus (s. digastricus).
q) Hyoid bone.
r) m. Sternocleidomastoideus.
s) m. Auricularis superior.
t) mm. Auricularis posterior.
u) m. Occipitalis.
v) m. Trapezius (s. cucullaris).
w) m. Splenius capitis.
x) m. Splenius colli.
y) m. Levator anguli scapulae.
z) m. digastricus.
a) Submandibular gland.
b) Parotid duct (s. Stenonianus duct).
g) Galea aponeurotica.
d) Clavicula.
e) Acromion scapulae.
z) Scapular spine.
h) m. Deltoideus.
q) m. Sternohyoideus.
i) m. Omohyoideus.
k) m. Anterior scalene.
l) m. mylohyoideus.

common carotid artery.
internal carotid artery.
external carotid artery.
superior thyroid artery.
maxillary artery.
temporal artery.
temporal artery, frontal ramus.
temporal artery, temporal ramus.
temporal artery, occipital ramus.
transverse facial artery.
frontal artery
ophthalmic artery.
occipital artery.
supraorbital nerve.
supratrochlear nerve.
infratrochlear nerve.
infraorbital nn (with nn. palpebrales inferior, subcutaneous nasi, and superior labial).
subcutaneous nerve of the cheek.
mental nerve(with inferior labial nerves).
ethmoidal nerve.
auricularis anterior nerve (s. temporalis superficalis nerve).
facial nerve.
auricularis posterior nerve.
facial nerve, superior ramus.
facial nerve, inferior ramus.
facial nerve, temporal branch (s. temporales facialis nerve.
facial nerve, zygomatic branch (s. zygomatici nerve).
facial nerve, buccal branch (rami faciales nervi facialis).
subcutaneous mandibular nerve (nervi marginalis).
superior cutaneous nerve of the neck.
greater occipital nerve.
lesser occipital nerve.
superior auricular nerve.
great auricular nerve (s. inferior auricular nerve).
inferior subcutaneous nerve of the neck.
middle subcutaneous nerve of the neck.
supraclavicular nerves.
accessory nerve (s. accessorius Willisii).
brachial plexus

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:40 AM
Deep nerves of the head and neck (left side


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate25/images/25-3_static.jpg
) Frontal bone.
b) Skin of the forehead and upper eyelid.
c) Bulbus oculi.
d) Maxillary sinus membrane.
e) Mandible.
f) pterygoid process.
g) Greater wing of the sphenoid bone.
h) m. Internal pterygoid.
i) tympanic membrane.
k) m. stylohyoideus.
l) m. stylohyoideus (s. digastricus).
m) m. sternohyoideus.
n) m. omohyoideus.
o) m. sternothyroideus.
p) m. hyothyroideus.
q) m. mylohyoideus.
r) m. sternocleidomastoideus.
s) m. trapezius (s. cucullaris).
t) m. splenius capitis.
u) m. levator anguli scapulae.
v) thyroid gland.

internal jugular vein.
common carotid artery.
superior thyroid artery.
facial artery (s. external maxillary artery).
maxillary artery (s. internal maxillary artery).
inferior alveolar artery.
posterior superior alveolar artery.
middle meningeal artery.
infraorbital artery.
anterior alveolar artery.
supraorbital artery and supraorbital nerve.
optic nerve.
oculomotor nerve.
trochlear nerve.
trigeminal nerve.
trigeminal ganglion (semilunar or Gasserian).
trigeminal nerve, ramus 1 (V-1, ophthalmic division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus 2 (V-2, maxillary division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus 3 (V-3, mandibular division).
frontal nerve.
lacrymal nerve.
lacrymal nerve, medial ramus.
lacrymal nerve, lateral ramus.
cutaneous nerve of the cheek.
ethmoidal nerve.
infraorbital nerve.
alveolar nerve (s. dentalis posterior).
middle alveolar nerve.
anterior alveolar nerve.
superior dental plexus.
lingual nerve.
inferior alveolar nerve.
otic ganglion and anterior auricular nerve.
connection between the otic ganglion and tympanic nerve (from the petrosal ganglion).
facial nerve.
facial nerve gangilion (geniculate ganglion).
chorda tympani.
superficial vidian nerver (nerve of the Pterygoid canal).
nerve to m. stylohyoideus (s. m. digastricus).
hypoglossal nerve.
vagus nerve.
superior laryngeal nerve.
hypoglossal nerve.
descending ramus of hypoglossal nerve.
cutaneous nerve of the neck.
supraclavicular nerve (anterior, middle and posterior).
cervical plexus (composed of anterior rami of the upper four nerves of the neck).
great auricular nerve.
lesser occipital nerve.
greater occipital nerve.
accessory nerve (accessories of Willisii

م .نبيل زبن
05-09-2012, 12:41 AM
The deep nerves of the head and neck (from the left side).


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate25/images/25-4_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone.
b) Forehead skin of the supraorbital margin.
c) Lacrymal gland.
d) ocular globe.
e) Os maxilla.
f) Os mandible.
g) m. Superior rectus oculi.
h) m. Inferior rectus oculi.
i) m. Buccinator.
k) Tongue (s. lingula).
l) Mucous membrane of mouth.
m) m. External pterygoid.
n) m. Internal pterygoid.
o) m. Hyoglossus.
p) m. Mylohyoideus.
q) m. Geniohyoideus.
r) m. Stylohyoideus (s. digastricus).
s) Submandibular gland.
t) Sublingual gland.
u) Submandibular duct (Whartonianus ductus).
v) Thyroid gland.
w) Pharynx.
x) m. Sternocleidomastoideus.
y) m. Superior oblique.
z) m. Inferior oblique.
a) m. Rectus capitis posterior major.
b) m. Multifidus spinae.
g) Atlantal transverse process.
d) clavicula.
e) m. supraspinatus.
z) First rib.
h) m. Rhomboideus minor.
q) m. Rhomboideus major.
i) Scapular spine.
k) Spinous process of axis (epistropheus).
l) Spinous process of first thoracic vertebra.
m) Larynx, with m. thyreohyoideus.

common carotid artery.
external carotid artery.
internal carotid artery.
thyroid artery.
lingual artery.
facial artery.
submental artery.
occipital artery.
temporal artery.
maxillary artery.
posterior superior alveolar artery.
oculomotor nerve.
ciliary ganglion with
ciliary nerves.
semilunar ganglion of trigeminal nerve.
trigeminal nerve, ophthalmic ramus.
trigeminal nerve, maxillary ramus.
trigeminal nerve, mandibular ramus.
18*. trigeminal nerve, portio minor (s. krotophitico-buccinator nerve. The motor branch of trigeminal nerve may pass throught the sphenoid bone via the crotaphytico-buccinatorius pore if present).
frontal nerve.
supratrochlear nerve.
supraorbital nerve.
cutaneous nerve of the cheek.
infraorbital nerve.
posterior alveolar nerve, buccal branch.
posterior alveolar nerve.
buccinator nerve.
superfician vidian nerve.
otic ganglion (s. auriculare).
lesser superficial petrosal nerve, nervi tensor tympani.
lingual nerve (s. gustatorius).
submandibular ganglion.
chorda tympani.
lingual branch of the lingual nerve.
genu of the facial nerve.
facial nerve.
glossopharyngeal nerve.
tympanic nerve (s. Jacobson nerve).
carotico-tympanic nerve.
vagus nerve.
superior laryngeal nerve.
gangliform plexus.
accessory nerve (of Willisii).
hypoglossal nerve.
geniohyoid branch of the hypoglossal nerve.
cervical nerve II.
cervical nerve III.
cervical nerve IV.
cervical nerve V.
cervical nerve VI.
cervical nerve VII.
greater occipital nerve.
dorsal scapular nerve.
suprascapular nerve.
spinal nerve, dorsal ramus.
superior cervical ganglion, sympathetic nerve.
carotid plexus of nerve

م .نبيل زبن
05-10-2012, 12:43 AM
: The nerves of the head and the origin of spinal (cord) nerves
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate26/images/plate26.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-10-2012, 12:44 AM
The deep nerves of the face (the left half). The zygomatic arch and the mandible are removed and the temporal fossa is opened.


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate26/images/26-1_static.jpg
a) Mandible (s. maxilla inferior).
b) Temporomandibular joint.
c) Root of the zygomatic arch.
d) Zygomatic bone.
e) Maxillary bone.
f) Atlas, transverse process.
g) Styloid process.
h) External auditory meatus.
i) m. Temporalis.
k) m. Masseter.
l) m. Lateral pterygoid.
m) m. Medial pterygoid .
n) m. Buccinator.
o) m. Orbicularis oris.
p) m. Digastric, posterior belly.

Common carotid artery.
External carotid artery.
Internal carotid artery.
Temporalis artery.
Facial artery.
Maxillary artery.
Deep temporal artery.
Facial nerve.
Facial nerve, superior (temporo-facial) ramus.
Facial nerve, inferior (cervico-facial) ramus.
Facial nerve, mandibular ramus.
Superior cutaneous nerve of neck.
Anterior auricular nerve.
Buccinator nerve.
Masseteric nerve.
Deep temporal nerve.
Inferior alveolar nerve
Mental nerve.

م .نبيل زبن
05-10-2012, 12:46 AM
The deep branch of the 3 branches of the trigeminal nerve and the nerves of the middle ear

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate26/images/26-2_static.jpg
a) Greater wing of the sphenoid bone.
b) Zygomatic bone.
c) Maxillary bone.
d) Mandible.
e) Petrous part of temporal bone.
f) Mastoid process.
g) Tongue.
h) Submaxillary gland.
i) Sublingual gland.
k) m. Medial pterygoid.
l) m. Lateral pterygoid.
m) m. Genioglossus.
n) m. Hyoglossus.

internal carotid artery.
trigeminal nerve.
semilunar (s. Gassarian or trigeminal) ganglion.
trigeminal nerve, ophthalmic division.
trigeminal nerve, maxillary division.
trigeminal nerve, mandibular division.
facial nerve.
great superficial petrosal nerve.
inferior alveolar nerve.
mental nerve.
mylohyoid nerve.
anterior auricular nerve (with middle meningeal artery).
lingual nerve (s. gustatorius nerve).
submandibular ganglion (s. lingual ganglion).
deep temporal nerve.
buccinator nerve.
chorda tympani.
internal carotid plexus (sympathetic nerves), with nn. caroticotympanic

م .نبيل زبن
05-10-2012, 12:49 AM
The nerves of the nasal mucous membrane and the interior surface of the mandible (left side


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate26/images/26-3_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone (frontal sinus).
b) Nasal bone.
c) Ethmoid bone (lamina cribrosa).
d) Sphenoid bone (sphenoidal sinus).
e) Pterygoid process.
f) Hard palate.
g) Incisive canal.
h) Uvula.
i) Nasal septum.
k) Mandible.
l) Inferior alveolar foramen.
m) m. Medial pterygoid.
n) Mastoid process.

Internal carotid artery (with internal carotid sympathetic plexus).
trigeminal nerve.
trigeminal nerve, ramus I (ophthalmic division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus II (maxillary division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus III (mandibular division).
nasopalatine nerve (s. Scarpa’s nerve).
anterior nasal nerve (ethmoidal nerve).
lingual nerve (cut).
chorda tympani (cut).
inferior alveolar nerve (with dental branches).
mylohyoid nerve.

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05-10-2012, 12:51 AM
Nerves of the eyes, nose, and mouth (right side, seen from the interior).


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate26/images/26-4_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone (frontal sinus).
b) Roof of the orbit (frontal bone orbital part).
c) Ocular bulb.
d) m. levator palpbrae superioris.
e) m. ocular superior rectus.
f) m. ocular inferior rectus.
g) Wall of the nasal cavity with the nasal muscle.
h) Pterygoid process.
i) Sphenopalatine foramen.
k) Hard palate.
l) Pterygopalatine canal.
m) Mandible.
n) m. Medial pterygoid.
o) Tympanic membrane (with an auditory bone).

maxillary artery.
optic nerve.
trigeminal nerve with Gasserian ganglion (s. semilunar or trigeminal).
trigeminal nerve, ramus I (ophthalmic division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus II (maxillary division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus III (mandibular division).
frontal nerve.
nasal nerve.
ethmoidal nerve.
ciliary ganglion (s. ophthalmicum).
ciliary ganglion, short ciliary nerves.
ciliary ganglion, long ciliary nerves.
ciliary ganglion and ciliary nerves.
pterygopalatine nerves.
pterygopalatine ganglion (s. Meckel’s ganglion or nasal ganglion).
posterior superior nasal nerves.
pterygopalatine nerve.
posterior inferior nasal nerves.
great superficial petrosal nerve.
lingual nerve.
submandibular ganglion (s. linguale).
pterygoid nerve.
facial nerve in the facial canal (s. canal of Fallopii).
chorda tympani.
anterior auricular nerve.
otic ganglion.

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05-10-2012, 12:52 AM
The anterior surface of the spinal cord (in the spinal canal) with the origin and plexus of spinal nerves and the chain of sympathetic ganglia.

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate26/images/26-5_static.jpg
a) Petrous portion of the temporal bone.
b) Internal acoustic meatus.
c) Carotid canal.
d) Styloid process.
e) Jugular foramen.
f) External acoustic meatus.
g) Atlas, first cervical vertebra.
h) Cervical vertebra, VII.
i) Thoracic vertebra I.
k) Thoracic vertebral XII.
l) Lumbar vertebra I.
m) Lumbar vertebral V.
n) Sacral bone.
o) Coccygeus.
p) Rib, I., first rib.
q) Rib, XII, last rib.
r) Crest of Iliac bone.
s) m. Sternocleidomastoid.
t) m. Scalenus anterior.
u) m. Scalenus medius.
v) mm. Intercostalis internus.
w) mm. Intercostalis externus.
x) m. Quadratus lumborum.
y) m. Psoas major.
z) m. Internal iliac.

internal carotid artery.
internal jugular vein.
posterior intercostal artery and vein.
pons (Varolii).
Trigeminal nerve (s. divisus or trifacial nerve).
abducens nerve.
facial and acoustic nerves.
glossopharyngeal, vagus, and spinal accessory nerves (pass through the jugular foramen).
spinal accessory nerve (s. accessory Willisii).
vagus nerve (s. pneumogastricus).
hypoglossal nerve.
hypoglossal nerve, descending ramus.
medulla oblongata.
pyramidal decussation.
spinal cord, cervical part.
spinal cord, thoracic part.
conus medullaris.
filum terminale.
cervical nerve I.
cervical nerve VIII.
cervical plexus (formed by the anterior division of the upper cervical nerves).
Brachial plexus (formed by the anterior division of the lower four cervical and first thoracic nerves).
thoracic nerve I.
thoracic nerve XII.
intercostals nerves.
lumbar nerve I.
lumbar nerve V.
Lumbar plexus (formed of the anterior divisions of the 2. - 4).
femoral nerve (continuation of lumbar plexus).
iliohypogastric (external and internal rami).
ilioinguinal nerve.
anterior lateral femoral cutaneous nerve.
obturator nerve.
sacral nerve I.
sacral nerve V.
sacral plexus (formed the anterior roots of 5th lumbar and 1st through 5th sacral nerves. Sacral nerves decrease in the sciatic plexus [s. ischiaticus plexus] and pudendorectal plexus [s. pudendo-haemorrhoidalis plexus].
coccygeal nerves.
sympathetic nerves, pars gangliosa.
superior cervical ganglion (joined with the cervical plexus).
middle cervical ganglion (joined with the brachial plexus).
inferior cervical ganglion (joined with the brachial plexus).
thoracic ganglia (joined with the intercostals nerves).
lumbar ganglia (joined with the lumbar nerves).
sacral ganglia (joined with the sacral nerves).
coccygeal ganglia (joined with both ganglion chains (right and left sides of body).
between right and left sides, the sacral sympathetic nerves are joined.
sciatic nerve (s. ischiaticus nerve).
inguinal nerve.

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05-10-2012, 12:55 AM
Nerves of the posterior, side and external surface of the thorax. Nerves of the external and internal portions of the male perineum and pelvis
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate27/images/plate27.jpg

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05-10-2012, 12:56 AM
Superficial and deep nerves of the back


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate27/images/27-1_static.jpg
a) Mastoid process.
b) Scapular spine.
c) Crest of the iliac crest.
d) m. Occipitalis.
e) m. Trapezius (s. cucullaris).
f) m. Deltoideus.
g) m. Latissimus dorsi.
h) m. Infraspinatus.
i) m. External abdominal oblique.
k) m. Iliocostalis (s. lumbo-costalis).
l) m. Iliocostalis lumborum.
m) m. Longissimus thoracis (s. longissimus dorsi).
n) m. Iliocostalis cervicis.
o) m. Longissimus cervicis.
p) m. Longissimus capitis.
q) m. Semispinalis cervicis.
r) m. Semispinalis capitis.
s) m. Trapezius (s. cucullaris).
t) m. Superior capitis oblique.
u) m. Inferior capitis oblique.
v) m. Levator costae.
w) m. Transversus abdominis.

greater occipital nerve.
lesser occipital nerve.
superior auricular nerve.
dorsal roots of cervical nerves.
dorsal roots of thoracic nerves (with lateral and anterior branches).
supraclavicular nerves.
lateral brachial cutaneous superior nerve [NA](branch of axillary nerve).
medial antibrachial cutaneous nerve (s. intercostalhumeral nerve).[from intercostal nerve II].
posterior branch of pectoral cutaneous nerves (fromposterior branches of intercostal nerves).
posterior branches of abdominal cutaneous nerves (from posterior branches of intercostal nerves).
dorsal lateral branch (posterior branch of division of dorsal nerves).
posterior branches of lumbar nerves.
posterior superior gluteal nerves.

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05-10-2012, 12:58 AM
Nerves of the right axilla and lateral surface of the thorax


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate27/images/27-2_static.jpg
a) Clavicle.
b) m. Scalenus anterior.
c) m. Scalenus media.
d) m. Levator anguli scapulae.
e) m. Deltoideus.
f) m. Pectoralis major.
g) m. Pectoralis minor.
h) Coracoid process.
i) m. Latissimus dorsi.
k) m. Biceps (short head).
l) m. Coracobrachialis.
m. m. Serratus anterior.
n) m. Subscapularis.
o) m. Serratus posterior inferior.
p) mm. Intercostales.
q) m. Transversus abdominis.
r) m. Rectus abdominis.
s) m. External abdominal oblique.
t) m. Internal abdominal oblique.
u) Common carotid artery.
v) Subclavian artery.
w) Axillary artery.
x) Internal jugular vein.
y) Subclavian vein.
z) Axillary vein.
a) Brachial artery and vein.
b) Subscapularis artery and vein.
g) Long thoracic artery and vein.
d) Thoracodorsal artery and vein.

cervical nerve V. (part of brachial plexus).
cervical nerve VI. (part of brachial plexus).
cervical nerve VII. (part of brachial plexus).
cervical nerve VIII. (part of brachial plexus).
thoracic nerve I. (part of brachial plexus).
phrenic nerve.
cervical nerve IV. to m. levator scapulae.
suprascapular nerve (s. scapularis).
lateral thoracic nerve.
long thoracic nerve.
anterior branch (s. thoracis nerve pectoralis lateralis) [branch of intercostal nerve II).
posterior brachial medial cutaneous nerve (branch of intercostal nerve II).
subscapular nerve.
internal brachial cutaneous nerve.
medial brachial cutaneous nerve.
musculocutaneous nerve (s. nervus cutaneous brachii externus s. perforans Casseri). [pierces m. coracobrachialis].
axillary nerve (s. circumflexus humeri).
roots of the median nerve.
median nerve.
ulnar nerve (s. cubitalis nerve).
radial nerve.
lateral pectoral nerves (s. pectorales externi) [from intercostal nerves 2 – 7].
anterior pectoral nerves(s. pectorals interni) [from intercostal nerves 2 – 7].
medial abdominal nerves

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05-10-2012, 01:00 AM
Nerves of the perineum and the male genitalia


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate27/images/27-3_static.jpg
a) Ischial tuberosity.
b) Ischial bone, ascending ramus.
c) Sacrotuberous ligament.
d) Corpus cavernosus urethrae.
e) Corprus cavernosus penis.
f) Anus.
g) Scrotum.
h) m. Bulbocavernosus.
i) m. Ischiocavernosus.
k) m. Superficial transverse perinaei.
l) m. Sphincter ani externus.
m) m. Levator ani.
n) m. Adductor longus.
o) m. Gracilis.
p) m. Adductor magnus.
q) m. Gluteus maximus

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05-10-2012, 01:02 AM
Male sexual organs and contents of the true pelvis, as well as the nerves of the bladder, rectum and penis (left side of the true pelvis is opened).

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate27/images/27-4_static.jpg
a) Lumbar vertebra.
b) Sacral bone.
c) Coccygeal bone.
d) Rectum.
e) m. sphincter ani internus.
f) m. levator ani.
g) m. ischiocavernosus.
h) m. bulbocavernosus.
i) Corpus cavernosus urethrae.
k) Corpus cavernosus penis.
l) Glans penis.
m) Scrotum.
n) Symphysis of the pubic bones.
o) Mons veneris.
p) Urinary bladder.
q) Peritoneum covering the bladder.
r) Pars membraneous urethra.
s) Prostate gland.
t) Ureter.
u) Vas deferens.
v) Peritoneum.
w) Recto-vesical pouch.
x) Left iliac artery (with hypogastric plexus).
y) Femoral artery.
z) Internal iliac artery.
a) Inferior vesical artery.

pudendal rectal plexus.
sacral nerves, anterior rami.
rectal nerves, middle and inferior.
vesical nerves.
dorsal penis nerve.
Sympathetic nerves, lumbar portion

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05-10-2012, 01:05 AM
Nerves of the anterior surface of the upper limb and the posterior surface of the lower extremity
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate29/images/plate29.jpg

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05-10-2012, 01:06 AM
Cutaneous nerves on the anterior (volar) surface of the (right) arm

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate29/images/29-1_static.jpg
a) m. Deltoideus.
b) m. Pectoralis major.
c) m. Biceps brachii.
d) Cubital fold.
e) Ulnar head (capitulum).
f) Palmar aponeurosis.
g) Pollex (s. thenar pollicis).
h) Digiti minimi (s. hypothenar digiti minimi or antithenar) mit m. palmaris brevis.
i) Brachial cephalic vein.
k) Median basilic vein.
l) Median cephalic vein.
m) Median cephalic vein.

supraclavicular nerves.
cutaneous branch of axillary nerve.
posterior medial brachial cutaneous nerve (branch of the lateral ramus of intercostal II).
lesser medial brachial cutaneous nerve.
branch of the medial cutaneous nerve.
middle brachial cutaneous nerve (s. internus major).
palmar cutaneous branch of medial cutaneous nerve.
ulnar cutaneous branch of medial cutaneous nerve.
cutaneous branch of musculoocutaneous nerve (s. lateral antibrachial cutaneous nerve).
radial nerve branch.
volar digital nerves

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05-10-2012, 01:07 AM
Deep muscular nerves on the volar (anterior) surface of the left arm


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate29/images/29-2_static.jpg
a) Head of humerus.
b) Coracoid process.
c) m. Deltoideus.
d) m. Pectoralis major.
e) m. Pectoralis minor.
f) m. Biceps brachii.
g) Short head of biceps brachii.
h) Long head of biceps brachii.
i) m. Coracobrachialis.
k) m. Brachialis.
l) m. Triceps, medial head.
m) m. Triceps, long head.
n) m. Brachioradialis (s. supinator longus).
o) m. Extensor carpi radialis longus.
p) m. Pronator teres.
q) m. Flexor carpi radialis.
r) m. Supinator (s. supinator brevis).
s) mm Flexor digitorum communis.
t) m. Flexor carpi ulnaris.
u) m. Flexor pollicis longus.
v) m. Abductor and flexor pollicis brevis.
w) m. Adductor pollicis.
x) m. Abductor digiti minimi.
y) Proper volar carpal ligament (s. transverse carpal ligament).
z) m. Flexor digiti minimi.

axillary artery.
brachial artery and vein.
ulnar artery and vein.
radial artery and vein.
superficial palmar arch.
brachial plexus (s. axillary arch).
median nerve (with 2 palmar digital rami for the first three digits and the ulnar volar nerve for the 4th finger).
ulnar nerve.
volar ulnar nerve (with 2 nn palmar digital for the 5th digit and the ulnar palmar digital nerve for the 4th finger).
radial nerve.
lateral interosseus nerve.
superficial radial nerve.
musculocutaneous nerve

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05-10-2012, 01:08 AM
Skin and muscle nerves on the posterior surface of the pelvis and leg

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate29/images/29-3_static.jpg
a) m. Gluteus maximus.
b) m. Gluteus medius.
c) m. Gluteus minimus.
d) m. Pyriformis.
e) mm. Gemelli with m. obturator internus between superior and inferior gemelli.
f) m. Quadratus femoris.
g) Ischial tuberosity.
h) Sacrotuberous ligament.
i) m. Levator ani.
k) m. Vastus lateralis.
l) m. Biceps femoris.
m) m. Biceps femoris, short head.
n) m. Biceps femoris, long head.
o) m. Semitendinous.
p) m. Semimembranous.
q) m. Gracilis.
r) m. Sartorious.
s) m. Adductor magnus.
t) m. Gastronemius.
u) m. Popliteus.
v) m. Soleus.
w) mm. Peroneus longus and brevis.
x) m. Flexor hallucis longus.
y) mm. Tibialis posterior and flexor digitorum communis longus.
z) Tendo Achillis.

small (short) saphenous vein.
tibialis artery and vein.
superior gluteal cutaneous nerve (from posterior branches of lumbar nerves).
posterior communis femoral cutaneous nerve.
inferior gluteal cutaneous nerve.
lesser saphenous nerve branch.
great saphenous nerve.
fibular cutaneous nerve (s. external saphenous nerve).
tibial communicating nerve.
dorsalis pedis external cutaneous nerve.
superior gluteal nerve.
inferior gluteal nerve.
common pudendal nerve.
sciatic plexus (ischiadicus plexus).
posterior femoral cutaneous communis nerve.
sciatic nerve (ischiadic nerve).
peroneal nerve (s. fibular nerve).
tibial nerve.
fibular communicating nerve.

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05-10-2012, 01:10 AM
Deep nerves of the sole of the left foot


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate29/images/29-4_static.jpg
a) Calcaneal tuberosity.
b) m. Abductor digiti minimi.
c) m. Abductor hallucis.
d) Tendon m. flexor hallucis longus.
e) m. Flexor digitorum communis brevis.
f) Tendon of Achillis.
g) Medial malleolus.
h) Lateral malleolus.

tibial nerve.
plantar cutaneous nerve.
medial plantar nerve.
lateral plantar nerve

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05-11-2012, 11:30 PM
Sympathetic and sensory nerves
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/plate30.jpg

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05-11-2012, 11:31 PM
Nerves of the (left) orbit, the eye muscles and the eyeball

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/30-1_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone (with frontal sinus).
b) Maxillary bone (with maxillary sinus).
c) Sphenoid bone.
d) Ocular bulb.
e) m. Ocular lateral rectus.
f) m. Ocular inferior rectus.
g) m. Ocular superior oblique.
h) m. Inferior oblique.
i) m. Ocular superior rectus.
k) m. Levator palpebrae superioris.
l) Internal carotid artery.

optic nerve.
oculomotor nerve.
oculomotor nerve, superior ramus.
oculomotor nerve, inferior ramus. With short ciliary nerves to ciliary ganglion.
trochlear nerve.
trigeminal nerve.
semilunar ganglion.
trigeminal nerve, ramus I (s. ophthalmic branch).
trigeminal nerve, ramus II (s. maxillary branch).
trigeminal nerve, ramus III (s. mandibular branch).
frontal nerve.
nasociliary nerve with
long ciliary nerves for
the ciliary ganglion (s. ophthalmicum).
ciliary nerves.
ethmoidal nerve.
trochlear nerve.
abducens nerve.

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05-11-2012, 11:33 PM
Tympanic membrane with auditory ossicle, the chorda tympani and ganglion, on the left side, seen from the internal surface



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/30-2_static.jpg
a) Parietal bone (s. bregmatis).
b) Temporal bone, pars squamousa.
c) Temporal bone, pars mastoidea.
d) Temporal bone, pars petrosa.
e) Sphenoid bone, lesser wing.
f) Sphenoid bone, body.
g) Pterygoid process.
h) Mandible.
i) m. Medial pterygoid.
k) m. Tensor tympani.
l) Tympanic membrane (inner surface) with hammer and anvil.
m. Left auricle.
n) Parotid gland.
o) External carotid artery.
p) Posterior auricular artery.
q) Stylomastoid artery.
r) Maxillary artery.
s) Deep auricular artery.
t) Inferior alveolar artery.
u) Middle meningeal artery (between the branches of the anterior auriculotemporal nerve).
v) Pterygoid artery.

trigeminal nerve.
trigeminal nerve, major (large) root.
trigeminal nerve, lesser (small) root.
Gasserian ganglion (s. semilunar or trigeminal ganglion).
trigeminal nerve, ramus I (ophthalmic branch).
trigeminal nerve, ramus II (maxillary branch).
trigeminal nerve, ramus III (mandibular branch).
anterior auricular nerve.
inferior alveolar nerves.
lingual nerve.
pterygoid nerve.
otic ganglion.
nerves for m. tensor of soft palate.
nerves for m. tensor tympani.
facial nerve in facial canal.
chorda tympani.

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05-11-2012, 11:33 PM
Chorda tympani and the facial nerve and the inner half of the petrous portion of the temporal bone, from the left side and seen from the outside


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/30-3_static.jpg
a) Mastoid process.
b) Petrous portion of temporal bone.
c) Facial canal ( s. Fallopian canal).
d) Tympanic cavity.
e) Incus.
f) Malleus.
g) m. Tensor tympani.

facial nerve.
genu of the facial nerve.
chorda tympani.
trigeminal nerve.
semilunar ganglion.
trigeminal nerve, ramus I (ophthalmic division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus II (maxillary division).
trigeminal nerve, ramus III (mandibular division).
anterior auricular nerve (with its two branches).
otic ganglion.
nerve for m. tensor tympani,
lesser superficial petrosal nerve.
greater superficial petrosal nerve

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05-11-2012, 11:34 PM
The left middle ear with the facial nerve in the facial canal


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/30-4_static.jpg
a) Temporal bone, petrosal portion.
b) Temporal bone, mastoid portion.
c) Promontorium.
d) Oval window.
e) Round window.
f) Auditory tube (Eustachian tube).
g) m. Tensor tympani.
h) m. Stapedius.
i) Internal carotid artery.
k) Internal jugular vein.

facial nerve.
genu of facial nerve.
greater superficial petrosal nerve.
lesser superficial petrosal nerve.
glossopharyngeal nerve.
tympanic nerve (s. Jacobsonii) with branches to the round and oval windows, to the tubes, and to the internal carotid plexus.
lesser deep petrosal nerve.
vagus nerve with auricular ramus

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05-11-2012, 11:36 PM
Nerves of the palate and tongue

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/30-5_static.jpg
a) Superior lip.
b) Hard palate.
c) Soft palate (s. velum palatinum and palatum molle).
d) Uvula.
e) Glossopalatine arch.
f) Pharyngopalatine arch.
g) Tonsil.
h) Isthmus of faucium (throat).
i) Root of the tongue.

palatine nerves (anterior, medial and lateral). Branch of the pterygopalatine nerve.
glossopharyngeal nerve.
lingual ramus of the trigeminal nerve.
nerve for the m. palatoglossus from the glossopharyngeal nerve

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05-11-2012, 11:37 PM
Nerves (from the vagus and sympathetic nervous system) to the posterior surface of the jaw and gullet


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/30-6_static.jpg
a) Occipital bone, pars basilaris.
b) Sella turcica (posterior clinoid process).
c) Temporal bone, petrosal part.
d) Carotid canal.
e) Mastoid process.
f) First rib.
g) Second rib.
h) m. Sternocleidmastoid.
i, k, l) Pharynx (mm. superior, middle, inferior constrictors).
m) Esophagus.
n) Bronchi.
o) Aortic arch.
p) Left common carotid artery.
q) Left subclavian artery.
r) Innominate artery.
s) Right common carotid artery.
t) Right subclavian artery.
u) Internal thoracic artery (internal mammary artery).
v) Superior thyroid artery.
w) Inferior thyroid artery.
x) Ascending pharyngeal artery.
y) Ascending cervical artery.
z) Internal carotid artery.

sympathetic nerves.
superior cervical nerve (with long cardiac nerve and laryngopharyngeal nerves and junction with the cervical plexus).
middle cervical nerve (with middle cardiac nerve and junction with the brachial plexus, vagus nerve, recurrent and phrenic).
inferior cervical nerve (with great cardiac nerve and branches to the brachial plexus, subclavius and pulmonialis).
cervical nerve I.
cervical nerve II.
cervical nerve III.
cervical nerve IV.
brachial plexus.
intercostal nerve.
phrenic nerve.
vagus nerve.
recurrent laryngeal (s. inferior laryngeal nerves).
pharyngeal plexus (superior and inferior), from thepharyngeal rami of the vagus, glossopharyngeal and sympathetic nerves.
esophageal plexus, formed from the vagus and sympathetic nerves.
Pulmonary plexus, formed from the vagus and sympathetic nerves

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05-11-2012, 11:38 PM
The sympathetic system with its ganglia and plexiform character, of the right body half


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate30/images/30-7_static.jpg
a) Mandible (s. inferior maxillary bone).
b) Hyoid bone.
c) Clavicle.
d) First rib.
e) Second rib.
f) Rib XI.
g) Lumbar vertebra, transverse process.
h) Sacral bone.
i) Pubic bone (symphysis).
k) m. Zygomaticus major.
l) m. Digastricus.
m) m. Masseter.
n) Parotid gland.
o) Submandibular gland.
p) m. Sternohyoideus.
q) m. Scalenus anterior.
r) mm. Scalenus medius and posterior.
s) Diaphragm.
t) m. Quadratus lumborum.
u) Right bronchus.
v) Kidney.
w) Suprarenal gland.
x) Esophagus.
y) Stomach, fundus.
z) Jejunum.
a) Colon, sigmoid.
b) Rectum.
d) Urinary bladder.
e) Ureter.
z) Prostate gland.
h) Vas deferens.
q) Spermatic cord.
i) Internal spermatic artery and vein with spermatic plexus (from sympathetic nervous system).
k) Penis.
l) Scrotum with testicles.
m) Azygos vein (with intercostals veins from the right side).
n) Superior vena cava.
x) Thoracic duct.

thoracic (descending) aorta.
innominate artery.
right subclavian artery.
right common carotid artery.
internal carotid artery.
external carotid artery.
superior thyroid artery.
maxillary artery.
occipital artery.
posterior auricular artery.
temporal artery.
pulmonary arteries and veins.
intercostal artery and vein.
descending abdominal aorta (with inferior aorta plexus).
celiac artery with celiac plexus.
renal artery with renal plexus.
superior mesenteric artery with superior mesenteric plexus.
inferior mesenteric artery with inferior mesenteric plexus.
common iliac artery.
superior hypogastric plexus (around the abdominal aorta).
rectal plexus.
vesical (bladder) plexus.
prostatic plexus.
inferior hypogastric plexus.
inferior phrenic arteries (with phrenic plexus).
great gastric plexus (around the gastric arteries).
splenic artery with splenic plexus of nerves.
hepatic artery with hepatic plexus of nerves.
solar plexus with semilunar ganglion.
lumbar ganglion.
sacral ganglion.
thoracic ganglion I.
thoracic ganglion VII.
greater splanchnic nerve.
lesser splanchnic nerve.
superior thoracic plexus.
infeior cervical ganglion.
middle cervical ganglion.
superior cervical ganglion.
[OBS].
anterior auricular nerve.
posterior auricular nerve.
facial nerve with branches (pes anserinus).
lesser occipital nerve with superior auricular nerve.
accessory nerve (Willisii).
cervical plexus.
vagus nerve.
recurrent nerve.
phrenic nerve.
brachial plexus.
lumbar plexus.
sacral plexus.
intercostals nerve.
esophageal plexus.
pulmonary plexus.
pharyngeal plexus.

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:44 PM
Visual and hearing
apparatus
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/plate31.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:49 PM
The anterior surface of the (left) outer ear cartilage and outer ear muscles


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-1_static.jpg
a) Helix.
b) Spina helices.
c) Crura anthelicis.
d) Crus superius anthelicis.
e) Crus inferius anthelicis.
f) Fossa triangularis (s. fossa innominata).
g) Scapha (s. fossa navicularis).
h) Tragus.
i) Antitragus.
k) Incisura intertragica (s. incisura auriculae).
l) m. Concha auris.
m) External auditory meatus.
n) m. Auricularis superior (s. m. attolens).
o) m. Auricularis anterior (s. m. attrahans).
p) m. Auricularis posterior s. m. retrahentes).
q) m. Helicis major.
r) m. Helicis minor.
s) m. Tragicus.
t) m. Antitragicus.

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:50 PM
Posterior surface of the (left) outer temporal bone with the external muscles

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-2_static.jpg
a) Posterior surface of the helix.
b) Scapha (s fossa navicularis).
c) Anthelicis.
d) Concha.
e) External auditory meatus, cartilaginous portion.
f) m. Auricularis superior (s. attolens).
g) m. Auricularis superior (s. attrehens).
h) m. Auricularis posterior (s. retrahentes).
i) m. Transversus auriculae.
k) m. Auricularis obliquus

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:51 PM
The interior (tympanic cavity, cochlea, vestibule) of the left ear, open from above

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-3_static.jpg
a) Temporal bone, pars squamosa.
b) Temporal bone, pars petrosa.
c) Tympanic cavity.
d) Tympanic membrane (inner surface).
e) Head of malleus.
f) Incus (s. corpus incudus).
g) Incus, short process.
h) Incus, long process.
i) Head of stapes.
k) Stapes, anterior crus.
l) Stapes, posterior crus.
m) Footplate (s. basis) [in oval window].
n) m. Tensor tympani.
o) m. Stapedius.
p) Internal auditory meatus.
q) Cochlea.
r) Spiral lamina.
s) Modiolus.
t) Scala tympani.
u) Scala vestibuli.
v) Atrium or vestibule.
w) Posterior semicircular canal.
x) Eustachian tube (auditory tube).
y) Mastoid air cells.
z) Facial canal (s. canalis Fallopii) [for the facial nerve

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:52 PM
The left tympanic cavity, (after removal of the inner wall of the tympanic membrane), with auditory ossicles


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-4_static.jpg
a) Inner wall of tympanic membrane.
b) Round window.
c) Promontorium.
d) Head of malleus.
e) Malleus, long (anterior) process (s. processus gracilis vel [or] Folianus).
f) Manubrium mallei.
g) Malleus, short (lateral) process (s. processus brevis vel obtusus).
h) Incus, body (s. incudis).
i) Short limb of incus (s. processus brevis incudis).
k) Long limb of incus(s. processus longus incudis).
l) Stapes (with basis [footplate]in oval window).
m) Pyramidal eminence (s. eminentia papillaris).
n) Tendon of stapedius.
o) Ligamentum capituli mallei (s. superius).
p) Ligamentum incudis superius.
q) Ligamentum incudis posterior (s. processus brevis incudis).
r) Entrance to mastoid air cell.
s) Auditory (Eustachian) tube, bony portion.
t) Auditory (Eustachian) tube, cartilaginous portion.
u) Semicanal for m. tensor tympani

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:53 PM
The parts of the right auditory organ connected


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-5_static.jpg
a) Pinna (s. auricula externa), outer ear.
b) External auditory meatus.
c) Tympanic membrane.
d) Malleus.
e) Malleus, anterior (long) process (s. processus gracilis vel Folianus).
f) Malleus, manubrium.
g) Incus (s incudus).
h) Incus, short leg.
i) Incus, long leg.
k) Ossiculum orbicularis Sylvii (s. os orbiculare seu [or] lenticulare or processus orbicularis seu lenticularis)
described as a separate bone tipped with cartilage, which is in the fetus up to the sixth month, after which it fuses with the malleus and is then called a process rather than a separate bone.
l) Stapes.
m) Vestibule.
n) Superior semicircular canal.
o) Posterior semicircular canal.
p) Lateral semicircular canal.
q) Cochlea.
r) Cochlear cupula.

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:54 PM
Hammer, Incus (ambos), and Stapes

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-6_static.jpg
A. Hammer, malleus.
a) Capitulum (head).
b) Superficial articular head.
c) Neck.
d) Long process (s. spinous or Folianus).
e) Short process (s. obtusus).
f) Manubrium mallei.
B. Incus (ambos).
a) Body incudus.
b) Glenoid cavity (for head of malleus).
c) Short process.
d) Long process.
e) Process orbiculare (s. lenticulare Sylvii) [See k, in figure 5 (http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/05raudorgan.shtml)].
C. Stapes
a) Head of stapes.
b) Anterior leg.
c) Posterior leg.
d) Basis (s. footplate).
e) Sulcus stapedius

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:56 PM
Incus (of left ear).

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-7_static.jpg
a) Body of incus.
b) Glenoid cavity for head of malleus.
c) Short process.
d) Long process.
e) Processus orbiculare (s. lenticulare Sylvii or ossiculum orbiculare

م .نبيل زبن
05-11-2012, 11:57 PM
Hammer (malleus), of left ear

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate31/images/31-8_static.jpg
) Head.
b) Superficial articular head.
c) Neck.
d) Long process (s. spinous process or Folianus).
e) Short process (s. obtusus).
f) Manubrium mallei.

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:02 PM
Smell, taste and vocal cords
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/plate32.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:05 PM
The bony basis of the larynx, seen from the front


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-1_static.jpg
a) Body.
b) Hyoid bone, greater horn.
c) Hyoid bone, lesser horn.
d) Middle thyrohyoid ligament.
e) Lateral thyrohyoid ligament.
f) Thyroid cartilage.
g) Laryngeal prominence (Adams apple, with the thyroid cartilage incisure).
h) Superior horn (s. majora).
i) Cricoid cartilage.
k) Middle cricothyroid ligament.
l) Lateral cricothyroid ligament (between the inferior horn [s. minus] of the thyroid cartilage and the arch of the cricoid cartilage).
m), n) Annular cartilaginous rings of the trachea, I et II

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:07 PM
The bony basis of the larynx, from behind

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-2_static.jpg
a) Body.
b) Hyoid bone, greater horn.
c) Hyoid bone, lesser horn.
d) Lateral thyrohyoid ligament.
e) Superior horn of thyroid cartilage.
f) Thyroid cartilage.
g) Cricoid cartilage.
h) Arytenoid cartilage.
i) Corniculate cartilage (s. Santoriniana).
k) Epiglottis, crest.
l) Aryepiglottic membrane.
m) Membranous (muscular) posterior wall of trachea.
n) Hyothyroidmembrane.

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:09 PM
Arteries of the tongue and the nasal aperture

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-3_static.jpg
a) Frontal sinus.
b) Sphenoidal sinus.
c) Superior concha.
d) Middle concha.
e) Inferior concha.
f) Hard palate.
g) Uvula.
h) Dorsum of tongue.
i) m. Styloglossus.
k) m. Genioglossus.
l) m. Geniohyoid.
m) m. Hyoglossus.
n) m. Mylohyoideus.
o) m. Sternohypoideus.
p) m. Geniohyoideus (left).
q) m. Omohyoideus.
r) m. Stylopharyngeus.
s) Thyroid cartilage.
t) Mandible.

common carotid artery.
internal carotid artery (s. cerebralis).
external carotid artery (s. facialis).
superior thyroid artery.
superior laryngeal artery.
lingual artery.
hyoid branch of lingual artery.
dorsal lingual artery.
maxillary artery.
sublingual artery.
deep lingual artery (s. artery ranina).
sphenopalatine artery.
superior palatine artery, end branch of the pterygopalatine artery).
anterior ethmoidal artery.
posterior ethmoidal artery.

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:11 PM
Upper or dorsal surface of the tongue with their taste buds


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-4_static.jpg
a) Radix (base) of tongue.
b) Apex of tongue.
c) Lingual margins.
d) Dorsum of tongue.
e) Mucosal glands.
f) Foramen caecum (s. Meibonii) with the posterior vallate papillae.
g) Vallate papillae (s. truncate [capitate s. magnae]).
h) Fungiform papillae (s. lenticularis [obtuse, clavate medial]).
i) Minor papillae (conical and filiform).
k) Fimbriae (s. transverse rugae).
l) Glossopalatine fold.
m) Epiglottis.
n) Glossoepiglotticum ligament (s. frenulum epiglottidis

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:13 PM
The inferior surface of the tongue with its muscles and nerves


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-5_static.jpg
a) Hyoid bone.
b) Apex of tongue.
c) Mouth and tongue mucous membrane.
d) m. Geniohyoideus.
e) m. Thyrohyoideus.
f) m. Styloglossus.
g) m. Hyoglossus.
h) m. Lingualis.
i) m. Genioglossus.
k) Submaxillary (submandibular) gland.
l) hypoglossal nerve.
m) lingual nerve.
n) submandibular ganglion
o) sympathetic root.
p) ventral roots.
q) nerve to submandibular duct.
r) anastomosis between hypoglossal nerves

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:15 PM
Bones and cartilage of the inner part of the nose, from the front


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-6_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone, frontal nasal process.
b) Nasal process (s. superior maxillary frontal bone).
c) Nasal bone.
d) Superior maxillary alveolar process.
e) Anterior nasal spine.
f) Superioe lateral nasal cartilage.
g) Inferior lateral nasal cartilage (s. pinnales).
h) Proper nasi alae cartilage.
i) Posterior lateral inferior cartilage.
k) Lesser nasi alarum cartilage.
l) Nasal septum cartilage

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:18 PM
Nasal cavity, middle cross section, seen in front

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-7_static.jpg
a) Orbit.
b) Lamina cribrosa (s. horizontal ethmoidal bone).
c) Nasal septum.
d) Superior concha.
e) Middle concha.
f) Inferior concha.
g) Ethmoid cellae.
h) Maxillary sinus (s. antrium Highmori).
i) Hard palate (s. superior maxillary bone, palatinus process

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:20 PM
The left half of the nose, mouth, pharynx and larynx, by a vertical cut, opened and seen from the inside


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-8_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone.
b) Nasal bone.
c) Lamina cribrosa (s. lamina horizontalis or cribrosa ossa ethmoidei).
d) Sphenoid sinus.
e) Hard palate (s. superior maxillae palatinus processus).
f) Incisive canal.
g) Mandible.
h) Hyoid bone.
i) Superior concha.
k) Middle concha.
l) Inferior concha.
m) Auditory tube (s. ostium pharyngeum tuba Eustachii).
n) Soft palate (uvula).
o) Pharynx.
p) Tongue.
q) m. Genioglossus.
r) m. Geniohyoideus.
s) Epiglottis.
t) Superior thyreoarytenoid ligament (s. glottidis ligament).
u) Inferior thyreoarytenoid ligament (s. glottidis ligament).
v) Ventriculus larynges (s. laryngeal ventricle or ventriculus Morgagni).
w) Thyroid cartilage.
x) Arytenoid cartilage.
y) Cricoid cartilage.
z) Esophagus.

م .نبيل زبن
05-15-2012, 12:21 PM
Right half of the nose, with nasal septum, the mouth with tongue, pharynx with the epiglottis closing the larynx


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate32/images/32-9_static.jpg
a) Frontal bone, frontal sinus.
b) Nasal bone.
c) Sphenoidal sinus.
d) Lamina Cribrosa of ethmoid bone.
e) Maxillary bone.
f) Incisive canal.
g) Hard palate.
h) Soft palate (s. velum palatinum).
i) Tongue.
k) Mandible.
l) m. Genioglossus.
m) Nasal septum.
n) Nasal opening.
o) Pharynx.
p) Tonsil.
q) Pharyngeopalatine arch.
r) Epiglottis.
s) Frenulum epiglottidis (s. Middle glossoepiglotticum ligament).
t) Posterior wall of larynx.
u) Esophagus.
v) Trachea.
w) Olfactory nerve.
x) Ethmoidal nerve (s. nasalis anterior nerve).
y) Nasopalatine nerve (Scarpa’s nerve).
z) Incisive canal and nerve

م .نبيل زبن
05-17-2012, 08:17 PM
Organs of the thorax and abdomen
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate33/images/plate33.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-17-2012, 08:18 PM
The abdominal viscera (digestive tract, seen from the front); the thoracic organs seen, in part, between in situ ribs


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate33/images/33-1_static.jpg
a) Clavicle.
b) Sternum.
c) First rib.
d) Tenth rib.
e) Costal cartilage.
f) Os ileum.
g) Os pubis.
h) m. Pectoralis minor.
i) m. Internal intercostal.
k) m. Subcostales
l) m. Subscapularis.
m) m. Latissimus dorsi.
n) mm. Abdominalis (mm. external oblique, internal oblique and transverses abdominis).
o) m. Sartorius.
p) m. Rectus femoris.
q) m. Tensor fasciae latae.
r) m. Adductor femoris longus.
s) m. Pectineus.
t) Poupart’s ligament (s. inguinal ligament).
u) Suspensory ligament of penis.
v) Penis.
w) Spermatic cord.
x) Lower fascial wall of m. external abdominal oblique.
y) Fascia transversalis.
z) Outer wall of the abdominal ring.

axillary artery.
axillary vein.
Internal thoracic artery and vein (s. internal mammary).
Anterior superior intercostal arteries.
Anterior inferior intercostal arteries.
Internal thoracic artery, sternal branches.
Brachial plexus.
Transverse scapular artery and vein, with subscapular nerve.
Posterior intercostal artery.
Intercostal nerves.
Femoral artery.
Femoral vein.
Epigastric artery and vein.
Great saphenous vein.
Circumflex iliac artery and vein.
Femoral nerve.
Obturator nerve, anterior branch.
Lateral anterior femoral cutaneous nerve.
Iliohypogastric nerve, cutaneous branch.
Femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve.

Costal pleura (s. parietal pleura).
Left lung.
Anterior mediastinum.
Phrenic pleura (s. diaphragmatic pleura).
Diaphragm.
Peritoneum.
External inguinal fossa.
Peritoneum.
Urinary bladder.
Suspensory ligament.
Umbilicus.
Ligamentum teres hepatis (formerly umbilical vein).
Lateral vesical ligament (formerly umbilical artery).
Middle vesical ligament (formerly urachus).
Stomach fundus (s. ventriculus).
Right lobe of liver with gallbladder.
Left lobe of liver with gallbladder.
Transverse colon.
Cecum.
Jejunum and ileum.
Descending colon.
Sigmoid colon.
Rectum.

م .نبيل زبن
05-17-2012, 08:20 PM
The abdominal viscera seen after removal of the mesentery, as well as the lungs, from the front


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate33/images/33-2_static.jpg
a) Clavicle.
b) First rib.
c) Eleventh rib.
d) Iliac crest (spine).
e) m. Psoas major.
f) m. Internal iliac.
g) m. Rectus femoris.
h) m. Gluteus medius.
i) m. Vastus lateralis.
k) m. Obturator externus.
l) Obturator membrane.
m) m. Adductor magnus.
n) m. Adductor brevis.
o) m. Adductor longus.
p) m. Gracilis.
q) m. Pectineus.
r) m. Tensor fasciae latae.
s) m. Sartorius.
t) m. Vastus intermedius.
u) Neck of the femoral bone.
v) Greater trochanter.

femoral artery.
femoral vein.
superficial epigastric artery and vein.
deep femoral artery and vein.
lateral circumflex femoral artery and vein.
Obturator nerve.

Right lung, superior lobe.
Right lung, middle lobe.
Right lung, inferior lobe.
Left lung, superior lobe.
Left lung, inferior lobe.
Pleura.
Anterior mediastinum.
Diaphragm.
Esophagus.
Fundus of stomach.
Spleen (s. lien).
Left lobe of liver.
Right lobe of liver.
Gallbladder (s. vesica fella).
Suspensory ligament of liver.
Duodenum.
Jejunum.
Mesentery.
Cecum.
Vermiform process (s. appendix).
Transverse colon.
Right colic flexure.
Transverse colon.
Left colic flexure.
Descending colon.
Sigmoid colon (s. iliac flexure).
Rectum.
Peritoneum.
Ileum.
Penis.

م .نبيل زبن
05-17-2012, 08:22 PM
Inferior surface of liver


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate33/images/33-3_static.jpg

Right lobe.
Left lobe.
Quadrate lobe.
Lobulus Spigelii (s. caudate lobe).
Porta hepatis.
Gallbladder (s. vesica fella).
a) Anterior liver surface.
b) Posterior liver surface.
c) Suspensory ligament of liver.
d) Ligament teres hepatis (in umbilical fossa).
e) Inferior vena cava.
f) Fossa of ductus venosus (Aranti).
g) Portal vein.
h) Hepatic artery.
i) Ductus choledochus (s. bile duct).
k) Cystic duct.
l) Hepatic duct.

م .نبيل زبن
05-17-2012, 08:24 PM
The division of blood vessels in the inner half of the liver, seen from its inferior surface

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate33/images/33-4_static.jpg

Right lobe.
Left lobe.
Quadrate lobe.
Lobulus Spigelii (s. caudate lobe).
Porta hepatis.
Gallbladder (s. vesica fella).
a) Anterior liver surface.
b) Posterior liver surface.
c) Suspensory ligament of liver.
d) Ligament teres hepatis (in umbilical fossa).
e) Inferior vena cava.
f) Fossa of ductus venosus (Aranti).
g) Portal vein.
h) Hepatic artery.
i) Ductus choledochus (s. bile duct).
k) Cystic duct.
l) Hepatic duct.
m) Ductus venosus (Arantii).
n) Artery to the gallbladder.
o) Gallbladder, fundus.
p) Gallbladder, neck.
q) Hepatic vein.

م .نبيل زبن
05-17-2012, 08:24 PM
الذين يشاهدون محتوى الموضوع الآن : 11 ( الأعضاء 1 والزوار 10) ‏م .نبيل زبن (http://www.ajoortoday.com/vb/member.php?u=2)

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:31 PM
Digestive system of the abdominal cavity

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate34/images/plate34.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:32 PM
Stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas with their arteries; the stomach and liver are
elevated

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate34/images/34-1_static.jpg
a) Medial diaphragmatic crura.
b) Posterior surface of stomach.
c) Stomach, greater curvature.
d) Stomach, lesser curvature.
e) Stomach, fundus (s. saccus coecus).
f) Stomach, cardia.
g) Pylorus.
h) Duodenum.
i) Pancreas.
k) Pancreas, head.
l) Pancreas, tail.
m) Spleen (s. lien).
n) Liver, left lobe.
o) Liver, quadrate lobe.
p) Liver, right lobe.
q) Gallbladder.
r) Bile duct (ductus choledochus).
s) Portal vein.

descending (abdominal) aorta.
inferior phrenic artery.
celiac artery (s. tripus Hallerii).
left gastric artery (s. left ventriculi coronaria artery).
splenic artery (s. lienalis artery).
hepatic artery.
right ventriculi coronary artery (s. right gastric artery).
gastroduodenal artery.
right gastroepiploic artery.
pancreaticoduodenal artery.
short gastric arteries.
left gastroepiploic artery.
cystic artery.
superior mesenteric artery

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:34 PM
Stomach, liver and spleen with their arteries and the portal vein. The liver is elevated


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate34/images/34-2_static.jpg
a) Medial diaphragmatic crura.
b) Anterior surface of stomach.
c) Stomach, greater curvature.
d) Stomach, lesser curvature.
e) Stomach, fundus (s. saccus coecus).
f) Stomach, cardia.
g) Pylorus.
h) Duodenum.
i) Lien (s. spleen).
k) Liver left lobe.
l) Liver, quadrate lobe.
m) Liver, caudate lobulus (s. lobulus Spigelii).
n) Liver, right lobe.
o) Gallbladder (s. vesica fellea).
p) Cystic duct.
q) Hepatic duct.
r) Bile duct (s. ductus choledochus).
s) Portal vein.
t) Pancreas.

descending abdominal aorta.
inferior phrenic artery.
celiac artery (s. tripus Halleri).
left gastric artery.
splenic artery.
hepatic artery.
right gastric artery.
gastroduodenal artery.
right gastroepiploic artery.
Pancreaticoduodenal artery.
Short gastric arteries.
left gastroepiploic artery.
cystic artery.
Inferior esophageal artery

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:36 PM
The jejunum and ileum and elevated colon, with their blood vessels


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate34/images/34-3_static.jpg
a) Omentum (s. epiloon majus or grosses netz).
b) Cecum.
c) Ascending colon (s. right colon).
d) Transverse colon.
e) Origin of jejunum (where the duodenum passes through the transverse mesocolon).
f) Jejunum.
g) Ileum.
h) Mesentery.
i) Right mesocolon.

superior mesenteric artery (s. mesenteric artery).
superior mesenteric vein (s. major mesenteric vein).
jejunal arteries and veins.
Ileal arteries and veins.
Ileocolic artery and vein.
Right colic artery and vein

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:38 PM
The large intestine with its blood vessels, after removal of the small intestine

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate34/images/34-4_static.jpg
a) Part of jejunum.
b) Termination of ileum.
c) Mesentery.
d) Cecum.
e) Ascending colon (s. right colon).
f) Transverse colon.
g) Descending colon (s. left colon).
h) Sigmoid colon (s. S romanum).
i) Origin of rectum.
k) Transverse mesocolon.
l) Right mesocolon.
m) Left mesocolom.
n) Mesocecum.

Superior mesenteric artery.
Superior mesenteric vein.
Middle colic artery and vein.
Right colic artery and vein.
Ileocolic artery and vein.
Inferior mesenteric artery.
Inferior mesenteric vein.
Left colic artery and vein.
Superior rectal artery and vein

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:40 PM
The posterior abdominal wall after removal of the intestines and colon leaving behind some peritoneum


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate34/images/34-5_static.jpg
a) Tenth thoracic vertebra.
b) Twelfth rib.
c) Os ilium.
d) Diaphragm.
e) Suprarenal gland.
f) Right kidney.
g) Left kidney.
h) Sigmoid colon (s. S romanum).
i) Ascending colon and cecum.
k) Rectum.
l) Renal fascia (cut).

Descending abdominal aorta.
Inferior vena cava.
Renal artery and vein.
Common iliac artery.
Common iliac vein.
Internal iliac artery (s. hypogastric artery).
Internal iliac vein.
External iliac vein (s. cruralis).

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:42 PM
The abdominal cavity viewed from behind after removal of the posterior abdominal wall, the kidneys and peritoneum


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate34/images/34-6_static.jpg
a) Inferior vena cava.
b) Liver.
c) Spleen (s. lien).
d) Pancreas.
e) Pancreas, head.
f) Pancreas, tail.
g) Duodenum.
h) Ileum.
i) cecum.
k) Ascending colon.
l) Descending colon.
m) Sigmoid colon (s. S romanum).
n) Rectum.

celiac artery.
splenic artery.
hepatic artery.
superior mesenteric artery.
inferior mesenteric artery.
superior rectal artery and vein.
left colic artery.
left colic vein.
Inferior mesenteric vein.
Splenic vein.
Superior mesenteric vein.
Ileocolic artery and vein.
Right colic artery and vein

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:43 PM
Thoracic and abdominal viscera (seen from ventral and dorsal sides

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate35/images/plate35.jpg

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:45 PM
The thoracic and abdominal cavities are opened from the front and important lymph glands and their vessels are shown. Viscera of the left side are removed



http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate35/images/35-1_static.jpg
a) Clavicle.
b) First rib.
c) Thyroid gland.
d) Trachea.
e) Right bronchus.
f) Left bronchus.
g) Thoracic vertebral column.
h) Right lung.
i) Posterior mediastinum.
k) Diaphragm.
l) Stomach, body (s. ventriculus).
m) Spleen (s. lien).
n) Liver, left lobe.
o) Liver, right lobe.
p) Ascending colon (s. right colon).
q) Mesentery (of small intestine).
r) Jejunum and Ileum.
s) Gallbladder (s. vesica fella).
t) Suspensory ligament of liver.

aortic arch.
descending thoracic aorta.
subclavian artery.
common carotid artery.
innominate artery (s. brachiocephalic artery).
intercostal artery and veins.
superior vena cava.
innominate vein (s. right common jugular vein).
left innominate vein (s. transversa).
subclavian vein.
internal jugular vein.
azygos vein.
hemiazygos vein.
superior mesenteric artery (s. mesaraica superior).
superior mesenteric vein (s. mesaraica magna).
jejunal and ileal arteries and veins.
thoracic duct.
right common lymphatic trunk (s. minor).
bronchial nodes.
pulmonary nodes.
deep jugular nodes.
axillary nodes.
intercostals nodes.
mesenteric plexus with mesenteric nodes (s. mesaraicae

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:46 PM
From behind, deep to the vertebral column, the opened thorax, abdomen and pelvis, with intestines, blood vessels and nerves

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate35/images/35-2_static.jpg
a) First thoracic vertebra, body.
b) First thoracic vertebra, spinous process.
c) First rib.
d) Scapula.
e) Spinal cord.
f) Esophagus.
g) Trachea.
h) Top of the right lung.
i) Costal pleura (s. parietal pleura).
k) Diaphragm.
l) Heart (s. cor).
m) Left bronchus.
n) Kidney (s. Ren).
o) Renal pelvis.
p) Ureter.
q) Suprarenal gland (s. adrenal gland).
r) Peritoneum (of posterior abdominal wall).
s) Rectum (s. intestinum rectum).
t) Posterior end of m. sphincter ani externus.
u) m. Levator ani.
v) Sacrotuberous ligament.
w) m. Piriformis.
x) Os ilium.
y) m Psoas major.
z) mm Gluteal.

aortic arch.
descending thoracic aorta.
descending abdominal aorta.
common iliac artery.
internal iliac artery and vein (s. hypogastric).
external iliac artery and vein (s. cruralis).
middle sacral artery and vein.
innominate artery (s. brachiocephalic artery).
subclavian artery.
common carotid artery.
internal thoracic artery and vein (s. internal mammary).
intercostal artery, vein and nerve.
renal artery and vein (with suprarenal branch).
internal spermatic artery and vein.
superior rectal artery and vein.
middle rectal artery and vein.
common pudendal artery and vein.
sciatic artery (s. ischiadica).
superior gluteal artery and vein.
subclavian vein.
superior vena cava.
azygos vein.
hemiazygos vein.
First and second lumbar veins.
inferior vena cava.
common iliac vein.
thoracic duct.
cysternal chyli (s. receptaculum chyli).
lumbar nodes.
intercostal nodes.
posterior mediastinal glands.
first intercostals nerve.
first thoracic ganglion.
vagus nerve.
recurrent laryngeal nerve (s. recurrens vagi).
phrenic nerve.
sympathetic nerve, thoracic ganglia.
splanchnic nerves, major and minor.
twelfth intercostal nerve
first lumbar nerve.
lateral anterior femoral cutaneous nerve.
femoral nerve.
obturator nerve.
sympathetic nerve, lumbar ganglion.
sciatic plexus.
sacral nerves.

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:48 PM
Liver, spleen and pancreas with their blood supply


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate35/images/35-3_static.jpg
a) Liver, left lobe.
b) Liver, quadrate lobe.
c) Liver, right lobe.
d) Liver, caudate lobe (s. Spigelli).
e) Gallbladder.
f) Cystic duct.
g) Hepatic duct.
h) Bile duct (s. ductus choledochus).
i) Duodenum, pars descending, with the junction of the ductus choledochus and
k) Pancreatic duct (s. Wirsungianus).
l) Pancreas, head.
m) Pancreas, body.
n) Pancreas, tail.
o) Duodenum, pars inferior, horizontal.
p) Stomach, body (cut across).
q) Spleen (s. lien).
r) Left kidney, (s. Ren).

descending abdominal aorta.
celiac artery (s. tripus Hallerii).
left gastric artery (s. coronaria ventriculi sinestra).
splenic artery with pancreatic branches.
hepatic artery.
gastroduodenal artery.
Renal artery and vein.
superior mesenteric artery and vein.
portal vein

م .نبيل زبن
05-18-2012, 09:49 PM
The celiac (s. solar) plexus with surrounding organs


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate35/images/35-4_static.jpg
a) Diaphragm.
b) Inferior vena cava (with hepatic veins).
c) Esophagus.
d) Body of stomach (with branches of vagus nerves).
e) Spleen. (s. Lien).
f) Pancreas, head.
g) Pancreas, tail.
h) Kidney (s. Ren).
i) Suprarenal gland (s. adrenal).
k) Ureter.

descending abdominal aorta.
left gastric artery.
lienalis artery (s. splenic).
hepatic artery (with hepatic plexus).
renal artery and vein (with renal plexus).
internal spermatic artery and vein (with internal spermatic plexus).
superior mesenteric plexus.
inferior vena cava.
celiac plexus (s. solaris).
phrenic plexus.
gastric plexus.
splenic plexus.
inferior aortic plexus (s. abdominalis aortic plexus

م .نبيل زبن
05-20-2012, 10:19 PM
Urinary and sex organs


The kidney and its cortical and pyramidal substance, the ureters and blood vessels
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate36/images/36-1_static.jpg
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate36/images/36-2_static.jpg

a) Cortical substance (with convoluted tubules and glomeruli (s. Malpighian corpuscles).
b) Tubular substance (s. Malpighian pyramides or coni tubulosi).
c) Renal papillae.
d) Renal calyx.
e) Renal pelvis.
f) Ureter.
g) Renal artery.
h) Renal vein.

م .نبيل زبن
05-20-2012, 10:21 PM
The outer and inner female sex organs, in a sagittal section. The right half is visible


http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate36/images/36-8_static.jpg
a) Fifth lumbar vertebra.
b) Sacrum.
c) Coccyx.
d) Pubis.
e) Rectum.
f) Anus.
g) Urinary bladder.
h) Urachus (middle vesicular ligament).
i) Urethra.
k) External urethral orifice.
l) Labia majora (s. labium pudenda externa).
m) Labia minora (s. nympha).
n) Glans clitoridis.
o) Corpus cavernosus clitoridis.
p) Vaginal orifice.
q) Vagina.
r) Vaginal-uterine part with the os uteri externum (s. cervix).
s) Uterine cavity.
t) Canal of the uterine neck.
u) Uterus, fundus.
v) Ovary.
w) Fallopian tube (s. oviduct or uterine tube).
x) Fimbriae (s. laciniae).
y) Peritoneum.
z) Perineum.

م .نبيل زبن
05-20-2012, 10:22 PM
Female sex organs, opened from the front

http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate36/images/36-9_static.jpg
a) Pudendal labia.
b) Vagina (with posterior rugae columns).
c) Portion vaginalis uteri.
d) External uterine opening (cervix).
e) Neck of uterus.
f) Neck of uterus, uterine canal.
g) Uterus, fundus.
h) Uterus, body.
i) Uterine cavity.
k) Ostium of uterine tube.
l) Fallopian tube (s. uterine tube or ovarian tube).
m) Fimbrae (s. lacinial with abdominal ostium).
n) Ovary.
o) Ovarian ligament.
p) Broad ligament of uterus (s. ala vespertilionis).
q) Uterine, round ligament.
r) Uterine broad ligament

م .نبيل زبن
05-20-2012, 10:23 PM
Fetal circulation, larynx, cecum and teeth
http://www.anatomyatlases.org/atlasofanatomy/plate37/images/plate37.jpg